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    frankfinn Aviation Project0119 frankfinn Aviation Project0119 Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • AVIATION PROJECT
      • BY
      • SHRUTI DAS
      • J4 BATCH
    • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
      • I give my hearty thanks to ASHITA MA’AM our aviation faculty who helped me a lot in completing this project with perfection. I thank her for her help & guidance. She helped us understand the subject very well.
      • I am also thankful to my parents & friends for their co-operation.
      • Last but not the least but I am also thankful to GOD for showing me the right path and being in my difficulty .
      • THANK YOU…………………
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Mr. JRD TATA is know as the ‘ FATHER OF INDIAN CIVIL AVIATION’.
      • On 8 th March 1948,AIR INDIA INTERNATIONAL was incorporated.
      • 15 th June 1953 two CORPORATIONS- AIR INDIA INTERNATIONAL LIMITED & INDIAN AIRLINES CORPORATION came into formal existence.
      • 1 st Aug 1953 the AIR CORPORATION ACT was passed by the parliament, whereby all airlines in INDIA were nationalised.
    • CONTENT’S
      • LOW COST AIRLINES
      • INCREASED NO. OF DOMESTIC AIRLINES
      • INDIA’S IMPROVING ECONOMY
      • ATTRIBUTES REQUIRED BY A CABIN CREW
      • A 300
      • A 350
      • ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF AVIATION INDUDTRY
      • COMPARISON OF A 300 & A 380
      • JUSTIFICATION
      • CONCLUSION
      • BIBLOGRAPHY
    • LOW COST AIRLINES
      • A low cost airline is an airline that offers generally low fares in exchange for eliminating many traditional passengers services.
      • The term originated within the airline industry referring to airlines with a lower operating cost structure than their competitors.
      • Low-cost carriers pose a serious threat to traditional "full service" airlines, since the high cost structure of full-service carriers prevents them from competing effectively on price - the most important factor among most consumers when selecting a carrier.
      • The low cost airlines in INDIA are
      • Deccan
      • Go Air
      • IndiGo
      • Jagson Airlines
      • JetLite
      • SpiceJet
      • The concept originated in the US before spreading to EUROPE in the early 1990’s.
      • India’s first low cost carrier, AIR DECCAN started service on AUG 25,2003.
      • The airline’s fares for the Delhi-Bangalore route were 30% less than those offered by it’s rivals such as Indian Airlines, Air Sahara & Jet Airways on the same route.
      • Air Deccan now faces stiff competition from other low cost carriers like JETLITE, SPICE JET, GO AIR& PARAMOUNT.
      • INDIGO AIRLINES recently placed an order for 100 airbus A320’s with 6 billion USD during the Paris Air Show, the highest by an INDIA domestic carrier.
    • EFFECTS
      • High profit to aviation industry as it is attracting the common man to fulfill his wish of flying.
      • Cost effective, employment generation & takes less time to travel.
      • Increase in number of flights.
      • Increase in economy.
    • INCREASED NUMBER OF DOMESTIC AIRLINES
      • Airlines which fly within the country or domestically are called as DOMESTIC AIRLINE.
      • The domestic airlines in INDIA are
      • INDIAN AIRLINES
      • JET AIRWAYS
      • KINGFISHER AIRWAYS
      • INDIGO AIRLINES
      • SPICEJET
      • JETLITE
      • GO AIR
      • KINGFISHER RED
      • PARAMOUNT AIRWAYS
      • India's booming economy, and the deregulation of the aviation industry, has brought about a huge increase in the number of domestic airlines in India in recent years.
      • Passengers can now choose from one government owned full service airline, three privately owned full service airlines, and five privately owned low cost carriers.
      • Indian Airlines is India's government owned, full service domestic airline, based in Mumbai.
      • Jet Airways is widely regarded as India's biggest and best airline and has bases in Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Chennai, and Bangalore.
      • Indigo Airlines is based in Delhi and flies to around 15 destinations all over InDIA.
    • EFFECTS
      • Common mans dreams of flying come true
      • More an more profit
      • Job opportunities
      • Increase in share market and hence more investment in aviation industry
      • Economy of INDIA effected
      • More an more airports ,runways, etc.
    • INDIA’S IMPROVING ECONOMY
      • Consumers have capacity to afford air travel.
      • Consumers have money to spend on tourism, religious tourism & business trips, etc.
      • Competition amongst the Airlines has resulted in sharp decline in air fares.
      • Standard of living has increased.
      • Due to improving economy & industries, more an more foreign companies have invested.
      • MNC’s have also started a new airlines.
      • Due to growing AVIATION INDUSTRY, a number of job opportunities are being applicable for air staff & pilots.
      • Infrastructure is improving.
      • PROFIT TO AVIATION INDUSTRY
      • These factors are interrelated as in
      • Low cost airlines
      • Increased in number of domestic airlines
      • INDIA’S improving economy
    • QUALITIES OF CABIN CREW
      • PLEASING PERSONALITY.
      • PATIENCE..
      • FRIENDLY.
      • REPONSIBLE.
      • WELL GROOMED.
      • EMPHATETIC.
      • LEADERSHIP QUALITIES.
      • TEAM SPIRIT.
      • MATURED THINKING.
      • DISCIPLINED.
      • GOOD PEOPLE’S SKILL.
      • GOOD COMMUNICATION.
      • ACTS LIKE A GUIDE TO THE CUSTOMER WHO ARE NEW.
      • GOOD KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE AIRLINE HE/SHE IS WORKING IN.
      • GOOD CUSTOMER SERVICE KNOWLEDGE.
      • REMEMBER THINGS NOT ONLY SAFETY PROCEDURES BUT ALSO HOW TO HANDLE UNRULY PASSENGERS & LIST GOES ON.
      • SAFETY & COMFORT OF OTHERS SHOULD BE FIRST PRIORTISED.
      • SERVICE WITH SMILE
      • QUICK DECISION TAKER
      • COMPOSED AND ATTENTIVE
      • TASK 5
      • A 300
      • The Airbus A300 is a short- to medium-range wide body aircraft. Launched in 1972 as the world's first twin-engined wide body, it was the first product of the Airbus consortium of European aerospace companies, wholly owned today by EADS.
    • TECHNOLOGY
      • Airbus partners employed the latest technology, some derived from the CONCORDE. On entry into service in 1974, the A300 was very advanced and influenced later subsonic airliner designs. The technological highlights include:
      • Advanced wings by de HAVILLAND with:
        • Supercritical airfoil structure for economical performance
        • advanced aerodynamically efficient flight controls
      • 222-inch diameter circular fuselage section for 8-abreast passenger seating and wide enough for 2 LD3 cargo containers side-by-side
      • Structures made from metal billets, reducing weight
      • First airliner to be fitted with wind shear protection
      • Advanced autopilots capable of flying the aircraft from climb-out to landing
      • Electrically controlled braking system
      • Later A300s incorporate other advanced features such as
      • 2-man crew by automating the flight engineer’s functions, an industry first
      • Glass cockpit flight instruments
      • Extensive use of composites for an aircraft of its era
      • Center-of-gravity control by shifting around fuel
      • The first airliner to use wingtip fences for better aerodynamics
      • Airbus A300 fuselage cross-section, showing the passenger compartment above and the baggage area below.
      • Dimensions
      • Length -54.10m
      • Height -16.54m
      • Wingspan -44.84m
      • Fuselage Diameter -5.64m
      • Cabin Width 5.28m
      • Forward Cargo Hold 75.1cubic meter
      • Middle / Rear Cargo Hold -55 cubic meter
      • A 310:-The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range wide body airliner.
      • Launched in 1978, it was the second aircraft created by the Airbus consortium of European aerospace companies, which is now fully owned by EADS.
      • The A310 is a shortened derivative of the A300, the first twin-engined wide body airliner.
      • A 320:-The Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range commercial passenger airliners are manufactured by Airbus.
      • Family members include the A318 , A319 , A320 , and A321 , as well as the ACJ business jet.
      • A 330:-The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, twin-engine, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner.
      • It was developed at the same time as the four-engined Airbus A340.
      • A 320
      • HISTORY: First Flight 22 February 1987
      • A 340:-The Airbus A340 is a long-range four-engined wide body commercial passenger airliner manufactured by Airbus, a subsidiary of EADS.
      • A 350:-The Airbus A350 is a long range, mid-sized, wide-body family of airliners currently under development, designed to compete with the Boeing 777 and Boeing 787.
    • A 340
    • A 350
      • The Airbus A350 is a long range, mid-sized, wide body family of airliners currently under development, designed to compete with the Boeing 777 and Boeing 787.
      • The A350 will be the first Airbus with fuselage and wing structures made primarily of carbon fiber reinforced plastic.
      • It is scheduled to enter into service in 2013.
      • INTERIOR OF BUSSINESS CLASS
      • High density nine-abreast configuration mock-up of the economy class of the A350
    • FUSELAGE
      • The new XWB fuselage will have a parallel cross-section width from door 1 to door 4, unlike previous Airbus aircraft to provide maximum usable volume.
      • The double-lobe fuselage cross-section will have a maximum outer diameter of 5.97 m (compared to 5.64 m for the A330/A340).
      • The cabin's internal diameter will be 5.61 m wide at armrest level (compared with 5.49 m of the 787 and 5.86 m of the 777).
      • . In the nine abreast, three-three-three high density layout, the XWB's seat width will be 17.7 in which will be 0.5 in wider to the proposed equivalent seat layout for the Boeing 787.
      • the original A350's would be made from aluminium – lithium.
    • WINGS
      • With an area of 443 m² (4,740 ft²) it will be the largest wing ever produced for a single-deck wide body aircraft. The geometric wingspan of 64 m (210 ft) is 3.7 m greater than that of the A330 and the original A350.
      • High-speed performance testing has begun at the European Transonic Wind tunnel in Cologne, Germany and a final decision regarding winglet configuration is expected soon
    • DIMENSIONS
      • Length-60.5 m
      • Wingspan-64 m
      • Wing area-440 m²°
      • Height-16.9 m
      • Fuselage diameter-5.94 m
      • Cabin width-5.61 m
    • SAFETY EQUIPME NTS
      • ASBESTOS GLOVES
      • SMOKE GOGGLES
      • FIRE AXE/CRASH AXE
      • MEGAPHONE
      • SEAT BELTS
      • RADIO BEACON
      • SAFETY BARRIER STRAPS
      • HARNESS
      • MANUAL RELEASE TOOL
      • EXITS/DOORS with SLIDE/RAFTS
      • FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
      • LIFE VESTS
      • OXYGEN MASK WITH FIRST AID
      • FIRST AID KIT
      • PHYSICIANS KIT
    • SEAT BELT & SHOULDER HARNESS
    • SEAT BELTS
      • Found on the passenger seats to protect the occupants against injury during sudden stops, impacts etc encountered during forced landings, aborted take off, turbulence etc.
      • Fastened around hips, as they are capable of taking high stress.
    • AN INFLATABLE LIFE RAFT
    • EXITS/DOORS with SLIDE/RAFTS
      • Exits used normally for embarking & disembarking passengers & crew. Also used as main exits during emergency.
      • The slide/raft opens out when the exit is opened in the auto/armed mode & the slide/raft inflates automatically within 5 seconds. Passengers & crew then can slide down safely
    • FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
    • FIRE EXTINGUISHERS & SMOKE GOGGLES
      • Devices used to contain & overcome fire.
      • They are of two types: halon &water.
      • Thick goggles found in the cockpit, which protect eyes against smoke thus helping crew fight the fire.
    • INFLIGHT SERVICES
      • Kingfisher Airlines has sought clearance from the government as it aims to offer inflight mobile services on its international flights. The Airline wants to offer this service from day one of its international flight services launch scheduled for August.
      • The company claims that its aircraft will have the required infrastructure installed for inflight mobile services.
      • First Class
      • All seats convert to a fully-flat bed, similar to Singapore Airlines suites but smaller. It was the second airline in the world to have private suites.
      • All seats have a 29-inch widescreen LCD monitor with audio-video on-demand (AVOD), in seat power supply, and USB ports etc.
      • Jet Airways is the second airline in India to have fully-enclosed first class suites on its aircraft; each suite has a closeable door, making for a private compartment.
      • It is the third-best first class in the world as conducted by Skytrax.
    • INFLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT
      • Personal “Distributed” Video:
      • Audio/Video-On-Demand (AVOD):
      • Inflight Satellite TV:
      • Inflight SMS:
      • Inflight Satellite Radio:
      • Inflight Cell-Phone Use:
    • ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGE’S OF AVIATION INDUSTRY
      • Advantages (a) Growth opportunities for pilots, service sectors. (b) More fat salary packets. (c) Everyone can afford to fly. (d) Better international airports are coming up. (This is while the inflation is under control and oil prices remain same...currently its 120US$/barrel; earlier was around US$65-70)
      • Advantage: real cuts in capacity and hopefully the elimination of uncompetitive airlines can ensure the long-term viability of the survivors. Makes travel the easiest.
      • It is not too expensive and it uses the latest greatest technological advances to better the flight.
      • It is also a heavily governed industry so consumer safety for the most part is the highest for almost any industry in the world.
      • Disadvantages:- 1) Overbooking of flights 2) Very expensive 3) Get charged extra for baggage 4) Long lines for security 5) Safety record gets worse 6)Air traffic has increased causing inconvenience to journey of customer.
      • Some airlines have cancelled all flights on routes that are uneconomic (due to less people flying now).
      • Some airlines will raise prices to cover higher fuel costs. If ticket prices are not raised, airlines will increase their extra charges such as baggage handling, to cover overall increased costs. Generally, the economic downturn and higher fuel prices will give more disadvantages than advantages for consumers. Also less choice, as fewer flights will be scheduled.
      • Some airlines are expected to go broke, so that will make matters worse for all.
      • Disadvantages: (As soon as the oil prices increase, inflation rate moves up) (a) All new pilots will find themselves on the road. All new pilots under training will loose all their money spent by them on their training. (b) All big airlines will have to merge with each other to make profits. (c) Air tickets will not be affordable. (d) No new aircrafts will be purchased. As a result, US & European manufacturers will also suffer. It will affect them also.
    • COMPARISON OF A 300 AND A 380
      • Overall length- 63.6m
      • Height- 16.85 m.
      • Fuselage diameter -5.64 m.
      • Maximum cabin width-5.28 m.
      • Cabin length-50.35 m.
      • Wingspan- (geometric) 60.3 m.
      • Wing area (reference) 361.6 m.
      • Wing sweep (25% chord) 30 degrees 30 degrees
      • Wheelbase 25.6 m.
      • Wheel track 10.69 m.
      • Overall length-75.3 m.
      • Height- 17.3 m.
      • Fuselage diameter -5.64 m.
      • Maximum cabin width- 5.28 m.
      • Cabin length -60.98 m.
      • Wingspan-(geometric) 63.45 m.
      • Wing area (reference) 439.4 m
      • Wing sweep (25% chord) 31.1 degrees 31.1 degrees
      • Wheelbase- 32.89 m.
      • Wheel track -10.69 m.
      A 300 A 380
    • Cabin layout of A 300
    • CABIN LAYOUT OF A 380
      • A 300
      • The Airbus A300 is a short- to medium-range wide body aircraft.
      • Single deck, twin-engined
      • First flight- 28 October 1972
      • Introduction- 30 May 1974 with Air France
      • Primary users
      • FedEx Express UPS Airlines American Airlines Japan Airlines
      • A 380
      • A 380 is a long-to-medium range wide body aircraft.
      • Double-deck, four-engine
      • First flight- 27 April 2005
      • Introduced- 25 October 2007 with Singapore Airlines
      • Primary users
      • Singapore Airlines Emirates Airline Qantas
      • Variants:-A 300-B1,A 300-B2,A300-B4,A300-600 & A 300-B10.
      • Variants:- Future variants A380-900
    •  
    • INFLIGHT SERVICES IN A 300
      • FIRST CLASS
      • A seat that is 22 in (55.88 cm) wide and can extend into a 6ft 6in bed.
      • It features a 17 in (43.18 cm) LCD screen and the SkySuite itself is upholstered in Connolly leather and trimmed with burr wood
    • INFLIGHT MEALS
      • Singapore Airlines offers World Gourmet Cuisine in all three classes.
      • Regional dishes are often served on their respective flights, such as the Kyo-Kaiseki , Shi Quan Shi Mei , and Shahi Thali meals available for first class passengers on flights to Japan, China and India, respectively.
    • INFLIGTH SERVICES IN A 380
      • First Class Seat
      • At 35 inches wide, the largest seat in the sky is exquisitely upholstered in fine-grained leather with Mahogany wood trimming. Considerably wider than any other conventional First Class seat, it offers you luxury of the highest order.
      • The unique design allows you the freedom to lounge, stretch and relax in virtually any position.
      • As a soothing touch, the ambient mood lighting in the cabin is designed to enhance your surroundings. Whenever you wish, the largest, most versatile bed in the sky appears.
      • Work, lounge and even dine in a space that's more personal than any other. Enjoy the freedom of sleeping in any position on a dedicated sleeping surface.
      • With crisp linen, fluffy pillows and a plush duvet. Complemented by an exclusive turndown service.
      • A personal 23 inch LCD screen with 1280 x 768 pixels, the highest resolution in the sky, gives you sharper images.
      • Combined with surround sound and the latest in noise-cancelling headphone technology, it all adds up to a unique cinematic experience.
    • FIRST CLASS
    • Singapore Airlines Suites Airbus A380
      • At up to 35 inches across, your seat is unsurpassed in comfort and space. With a sundeck position, adjustable headrest and armrests, and simple electronic controls, lounge in luxury in the most exclusive seat in the sky.
      • With only 12 extraordinary suites, available to the most discerning guests on each of the Singapore Airlines A380 aircraft.
      • Even the leather and wood finishes have been designed in soothing natural hues to enhance the sense of serenity.
      • Whether discussing business, or sharing a relaxing moment, the Singapore Airlines Suite is exceptionally accommodating, with a soft leather chaise lounge across from the armchair and a large dining table.
    • On Board Entertainment
      • A personal 23 inch LCD screen with 1280 x 768 pixels, the highest resolution in the sky, gives you sharper images.
      • Combined with surround sound and the latest in noise-cancelling headphone technology, it all adds up to a unique cinematic experience.
      • Be enthralled by the best in entertainment, featuring an unmatched line-up of the latest movies, TV programmes and music, all at your convenience.
    • In Flight Meals
      • Enjoy creative, high quality inflight cuisine prepared by the world-renowned panel of chefs, complimented by an equally illustrious wine selection specially chosen by the esteemed wine consultants.
      • Meal type: Breakfast Chinese Roast Pork with Fried Noodles, Strawberry yoghurt, Fruit Platter, Muffin and Breakfast Roll. Drink: Coffee, OJ
      • Meal type : Dinner Appetiser-Smoked turkey with curried pasta salad Main course-Fish fillet with fondue of leek and asparagus Cheese-Cheese and crackers Dessert-Ice cream Drink: Water
    •  
      • Meal type : Light Meal Appetiser-Zensai (selection of Japanese appetisers) Main Course-Sauteed prawns and scallops in minced fish tomato sauce served with linguine and vegatables Dessert-Cream caramel custard Drink: Water
    • CURRENT SCENARIO OF AVIATION INDUSTRY
      • The Indian aviation industry has shown continued growth in recent years with key drivers being positive economic factors (including high GDP growth), industrial performance, corporate profitability/expansion, higher disposable incomes and growth in consumer spending as well as wider availability of low fares. Current scenario: The current growth rate in domestic and international travel exceeds 25%, the highest in the world. In the period April-September 2006, the total aircraft movements witnessed an increase of 29.6% year-on-year to 494.92 thousand aircraft movements, as compared to 318.89 thousand during April-September 2005
      • The Indian domestic market grew at almost 50% in the first half of 2006. On average, full service carriers are shedding a remarkable 1.5% of market share every month to low cost carriers. -Growth Prospects of Indian Aviation Sector Future scenario: The aviation industry is expected to grow at a compounded annual growth rate of 25% till 2010.
      • Also, by 2010 Indian airports will be handling between 90 and 100 million passengers per year, as against the current 34 million passengers.
      • It is expected that nearly 80% of this growth will be driven by the low cost carrier segment (LCC).
      • By 2008, the LCCs would capture 65% of the direct on-line air ticket market from 61% in 2005.
    • CONCLUSION
      • Due to this assignment I got lots of knowledge about the aviation industry.
      • It helped me to know about the factors affecting aviation industry, its developmental factors & about the current scenario of aviation industry.
      • The inflight services & entertainment has improved.
      • I thank ma’am for giving me an opportunity to present this assignment.
    • BIBLIOGRAPHY
      • www.google.com
      • www.wiki.com
      • www.airbus.com
      • www.yahoo.com
      • www.answer.com