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aviation assignment

  1. 1. AVIATION ASSIGNMENT Submitted by:- Heena D. Rana Assessor Name:- Khushnum Avari Batch No.:- I-3 (53)
  2. 2. TASK 1 P1a
  3. 3. PURPOSE & AIM To evaluate the impact of the key factors on the development and scale of the aviation industry.
  4. 5. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as nofrills , discount or budget carrier or airline) is an airline that offers generally low fares in exchange for eliminating many traditional passenger services. </li></ul><ul><li>The concept originated in the United States before spreading to Europe in the early 1990s and subsequently to much of the rest of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The term originated within the airline industry referring to airlines with a lower operating cost structure than their competitors. </li></ul><ul><li>While the term is often applied to any carrier with low ticket prices and limited services, regardless of their operating models, low-cost carriers should not be confused with regional airlines that operate short flights without service, or with full-service airlines offering some reduced fares. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Effects of low cost airline on development of the aviation industry. <ul><li>Reduction in maintenance by hiring low skilled technician. </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of service will go down in flight in caring passengers. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy crowd in the air port. </li></ul><ul><li>ETD is not maintained as flight full of passengers are not met for every flight. </li></ul><ul><li>Bad quality maintenance may result in accident. Then safety is defeated. </li></ul><ul><li>Quality pilots may not available for low pay, which will result in low performance. Hence not safe to fly. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor quality of maintenance will lead to break down of engine at any time. Hence not safe to fly. </li></ul><ul><li>Delaying the flight for want of passengers will reduce confidence to a particular air line. </li></ul><ul><li>Hence in total air line industry and flying necessity is effected. </li></ul>
  6. 9. LIST OF LOW COST AIRLINES <ul><li>KINGFISHER AIRLINE </li></ul><ul><li>INDIGO </li></ul><ul><li>JETLITE </li></ul><ul><li>SPICE JET </li></ul><ul><li>GOAIR </li></ul><ul><li>AIR INDIA EXPRESS </li></ul>
  7. 10. KINGFISHER AIRLINE <ul><li>Kingfisher Red, known formerly as Simplifly Deccan and prior to that as Air Deccan , is a low-cost airline run by Kingfisher Airlines . </li></ul><ul><li>It is headquartered in Bangalore , India . </li></ul><ul><li>Kingfisher Red is currently the only Indian low-cost airline to provide complimentary in-flight meals and bottled water to its passengers. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, passengers can earn frequent flyer miles (called King Miles) for tickets booked on Kingfisher Red through the King Club loyalty program run by its parent Kingfisher Airlines. </li></ul><ul><li>In-flight reading material is limited to a special edition of Cine Blitz magazine printed exclusively for Kingfisher Red. </li></ul>
  8. 11. JETLITE <ul><li>JetLite, formerly Air Sahara, is an airline based in New Delhi , India . </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled by Jet Airways , the airline operates scheduled services connecting metropolitan centres in India. </li></ul><ul><li>The airline also provides helicopters which are available for charter services and aerial photography </li></ul><ul><li>It is part of the major Sahara India Pariwar business conglomerate. </li></ul><ul><li>The airline was established on 20 September 1991 and began operations on 3 December 1993 with two Boeing 737-200 aircraft as Sahara Airlines. </li></ul><ul><li>Initially services were primarily concentrated in the northern sectors of India, keeping Delhi as its base, and then operations were extended to cover all the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Sahara Airlines was rebranded as Air Sahara on 2 October 2000 , although Sahara Airlines remains the carrier's registered name. </li></ul>
  9. 12. INDIGO <ul><li>IndiGo is a private domestic low-cost airline based in Gurgaon , Haryana , India . </li></ul><ul><li>It operates domestic services linking 17 destinations. </li></ul><ul><li>Its main base is Delhi 's Indira Gandhi International Airport . </li></ul><ul><li>It was awarded the title of ‘Best Domestic Low Cost Carrier’ in India for 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Being a low cost carrier , IndiGo does not offer a complimentary meal service to its passengers. </li></ul><ul><li>However, it does offer a buy-on-board food service where items such as sandwiches , parathas , cookies , nuts , mineral water and soft drinks can be purchased. </li></ul>
  10. 13. SPICEJET <ul><li>SpiceJet is a low-cost airline based in New Delhi , India . </li></ul><ul><li>It began service in May 2005 and by 2008, it was India's second-largest low-cost airline in terms of market share. </li></ul><ul><li>SpiceJet was voted as the best low-cost airline in South Asia and Central Asia region by Skytrax in 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Rising fuel costs and increasing competition resulted in SpiceJet posting a loss in the first quarter of 2008-09. </li></ul><ul><li>In August 2008, SpiceJet announced plans to raise US$ 100 million through foreign investment. </li></ul><ul><li>SpiceJet was earlier known as Royal Airways, a reincarnation of ModiLuft . </li></ul><ul><li>It is promoted by Ajay Singh and the Kansagra family </li></ul><ul><li>Their marketing theme &quot;offering low 'everyday spicy fares' and great guest services to price conscious travelers. </li></ul><ul><li>Spicejet names their aircraft after Spices . </li></ul><ul><li>Their aim is to compete with the Indian Railways passengers travelling in air conditioned coaches. </li></ul>
  12. 15. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>In the recent past, Indian civil aviation sector has grown manifold. Several new players have entered the industry and many more are about to enter the arena. Apart from the state-owned airline, a number of private companies have entered the arena, thereby providing more choices to the passenger. Today, air travel is no more the monopoly of the rich and the mighty. With the arrival of cheap airline carriers in India, air traveling has become simpler and cheaper. Private players including Kingfisher Red, Spice Jet, Jetlite, Indigo etc. are coming up with attractive rates for their passengers, thereby making civil aviation lucrative. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, airline has become a common man’s vehicle and revolutionized the way a common Indian traveler used to travel. The airlines are adding more and more cities to their list of destinations covered throughout the country. Therefore, it can be said that the domestic airlines of India have made traveling easier for the masses. More and more people are opting for traveling by air, because they save a lot of time in traveling, as compared to other means of transportation. </li></ul>
  13. 16. LIST OF DOMESTIC AIRLINES <ul><li>AIR INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>AIR SAHARA </li></ul><ul><li>GOAIR AIRLINE </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN AIRLINE </li></ul><ul><li>INDIGO AIRLINE </li></ul><ul><li>JAGSON AIRLINE </li></ul><ul><li>JET AIRWAYS </li></ul><ul><li>JET AIRWAYS KONNECT </li></ul><ul><li>KINGFISHER AIRLINE </li></ul><ul><li>PARAMOUNT AIRWAYS </li></ul><ul><li>SPICE JET AIRLINES </li></ul><ul><li>JETLITE </li></ul><ul><li>MDLR AIRLINES </li></ul><ul><li>KINGFISHER RED </li></ul>
  14. 17. AIR INDIA <ul><li>With a worldwide network of passenger and cargo services, Air India continues to be India’s national Airline. </li></ul><ul><li>The history of the airline can be traced back to October 15, 1932. </li></ul><ul><li>Air India was earlier known as Tata Airlines. </li></ul><ul><li>At the time of its inception, Tata Airlines consisted of one Puss Moth, one Leopard Moth, one palm-thatched shed, one whole time pilot, one part-time engineer and two apprentice-mechanics. </li></ul><ul><li>On 29 July 1946, Tata Airlines was converted into a Public Company, under the name of Air India. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Airlines was formed with the merger of eight domestic airlines to operate domestic services, while Air India International was established to operate the overseas services. </li></ul><ul><li>The word 'International' was dropped in 1962. With effect from March 1, 1994, the airline has been functioning as Air India Limited </li></ul>
  15. 18. PARAMOUNT AIRWAYS <ul><li>Paramount Airways is a private domestic airline of India, based in Chennai. </li></ul><ul><li>The airline was launched on October 19, 2005, by Paramount Group, a leading Indian textile manufacturer based in Madurai (Tamil Nadu). </li></ul><ul><li>The headquarters of Paramount Airways is located in Coimbatore. </li></ul><ul><li>The airline operates scheduled flights, mainly targeting business and leisure travelers. </li></ul><ul><li>It promises to provide exceptional value for money, unparalleled comfort and convenience to its passengers, every time they are on board. </li></ul><ul><li>Paramount Airways plies flights directly to some of the well known commercial hubs of India, thereby connecting them to the metro cities of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, it has marked its presence in the metropolitans of India. It offers several value added services, such as, valets to assist the passengers in boarding the plane, gourmet meals and a range of in-flight services and entertainment. Paramount Airways has number of firsts to its credit. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the first airline in India to launch the New Generation Embraer 170/190 Family Series Aircrafts. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the first to offer full business class services, but at prices that are equivalent to the economy class fares of other carriers. </li></ul>
  16. 19. JET AIRWAYS <ul><li>Jet Airways is India’s premier private airline. </li></ul><ul><li>Naresh Goyal is currently the chairperson of Jet Airways, who is also the founder of the airline. </li></ul><ul><li>It holds the distinction of being the second largest airline in India, next to Kingfisher. </li></ul><ul><li>Jet Airways has won a number of awards in recognition of the world-class standards of its service. </li></ul><ul><li>It has received the ISO 9001:2000 certification, for its in-flight services. Headquartered in Mumbai, Jet Airways also operates two low-cost airlines including JetLite (formerly known as Air Sahara) and Jet Airways Konnect. </li></ul>
  17. 20. GOAIR AIRLINE <ul><li>Established in June 2004, GoAir Airlines is a low-cost budget airline, based in Mumbai. </li></ul><ul><li>It has been showcased as “The People's Airline”. </li></ul><ul><li>It is promoted by Wadia Group, which has been at the forefront of industry in India, for the past 116 years. </li></ul><ul><li>GoAir Airlines is the brainchild of Jeh Wadia, who is the Managing Director of GoAir. </li></ul><ul><li>With the tagline “Experience The Difference”, the airline aims to offer its passengers a quality assured and time efficient air travel, at affordable fares. </li></ul><ul><li>GoAir's business model has been created on the 'punctuality, affordability and convenience' model. </li></ul>
  18. 22. INDIA’S IMPROVING ECONOMY <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Economy is growing and its positive impact on Aviation Industry is clearly visible. </li></ul><ul><li>Open Sky Policy has allowed Foreign Players to enter the markets. </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly Indian Fliers get an opportunity to enter Foreign Zone. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing competition gives an excellent chance to improve on the infrastructure front. </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing Policies get competitive, making consumers benefit in the result. </li></ul><ul><li>The reason why low cost fliers came into to India, is due to improving economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Premium fliers are also increasing by the day, as the standard of living of the people is increasing. </li></ul><ul><li>India's improving economy is visible at its best, looking at the rising Business Class Travellers, adding higher income in the kitty of the Fliers. </li></ul>
  19. 23. INDIA’S IMPROVING ECONOMY <ul><li>Improving economy has affected the aviation industry in the following ways: Consumers have capacity to afford air travel. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers have money to spend on tourism, religious tourism and business trips etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Competition amongst the Air lines has resulted in sharp decline in air fares. </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of time spent on traveling has been understood by the consumers. </li></ul><ul><li>There has been phenomenal growth in the Indian aviation sector in 2007-08. </li></ul><ul><li>India has jumped to 9th position in world's aviation market from 12th in 2006 As per the Ministry of Civil Aviation, the airline business is growing at 27 per cent per annum in India. During 2007, the domestic airline passenger traffic has shown a growth of 32.51 per cent. Further, the scheduled domestic air services are now available from 82 airports as against 75 in 2006 </li></ul>
  20. 24. TASK 1 P1 b
  21. 25. PURPOSE & AIM To know the major parts of an aircraft and its communication system
  23. 27. FUSELAGE <ul><li>It is the central body potion of a plane designed to carry fuel, passengers, freight & mail. </li></ul><ul><li>The part of the aircraft, which is streamlined, and the wings and the tails are attached to it. </li></ul><ul><li>It is made up of Duralium i.e. an alloy of Aluminium, nickel & cobalt. </li></ul>
  24. 28. COCKPIT <ul><li>A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft , from which a pilot controls the aircraft. </li></ul><ul><li>Most modern cockpits are enclosed, except on some small aircraft, and cockpits on large airliners are also physically separated from the cabin. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a place where from which flight is controlled on the ground and in the air. </li></ul>
  25. 29. CABIN <ul><li>An aircraft cabin is the section of an aircraft in which passengers travel, often just called the cabin </li></ul><ul><li>The portion of enclosed airplane intended for transporting passengers or freight. </li></ul>
  26. 30. WINGS <ul><li>The parts of the plane that provide lift & support the weight of the plane, its passengers, crew & cargo while the plane is in flight. </li></ul><ul><li>A wing (or wings in a multiplane ) with an airfoil cross-section shape, used to generate aerodynamic lifting force to support the aircraft in flight by deflecting air downward as the aircraft moves forward. </li></ul>
  27. 31. FLAPS <ul><li>The movable portion of the wings closest to the fuselage. </li></ul><ul><li>These are control surfaces installed on the trailing edge of a wing and used to increase the amount of lift generated by the wing at slower speeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Flaps also have the effect of slowing an aircraft during its landing approach. </li></ul>
  28. 32. AILERONS <ul><li>Ailerons are hinged control surfaces attached to the trailing edge of the wing of a fixed-wing aircraft . </li></ul><ul><li>The ailerons are used to control the aircraft in roll . </li></ul><ul><li>The two ailerons are typically interconnected so that one goes down when the other goes up: the downgoing aileron increases the lift on its wing while the upgoing aileron reduces the lift on the other wing, producing a rolling moment about the aircraft's longitudinal axis. </li></ul><ul><li>The word aileron is French for &quot;little wing.&quot; </li></ul>
  29. 33. RUDDER <ul><li>The rudder is one of three primary flight control surfaces found on an airplane. It is a movable surface hinged to the fixed surface that is located at the rear of the aircraft called the vertical stabilizer, or fin. The rudder controls movement of the airplane about its vertical axis and causes the airplane's nose to move to the right or left and point in a different direction. This motion is called &quot;yaw.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Control cables connect the rudder to the rudder pedals. Pushing down the right rudder pedal moves the rudder to the right and causes the plane to turn to the right. Pushing down the left rudder pedal turns the plane to the left. </li></ul>
  30. 34. HORIZONTAL STABILIZER <ul><li>This is the horizontal part of the tail assembly, the small wings at the rear of an aircraft’s fuselage. </li></ul><ul><li>It balances the lift forces generated by the main wings further forward on the fuselage. </li></ul><ul><li>The stabilizer also usually contains the elevator. </li></ul>
  31. 35. UNDERCARRIAGE <ul><li>It is located underneath the plane, it allows the plane to land and supports it while it is on ground. </li></ul><ul><li>It also has the mechanism to reduce and absorb the shock of landing to acceptable limits. </li></ul>
  32. 36. SPOILER <ul><li>Spoilers are small, hinged plates on the top portion of wings. </li></ul><ul><li>Spoilers can be used to slow an aircraft, or to make an aircraft descend, if they are deployed on both wings. </li></ul><ul><li>Spoilers can also be used to generate a rolling motion for an aircraft, if they are deployed on only one wing. </li></ul>
  34. 38. CABIN INTERPHONE SYSTEM <ul><li>The cabin interphone system permits communication between the flight deck and flight attendant. </li></ul><ul><li>The cabin interphone system is accessed by using the boom or oxygen mask microphone, the hand microphone, or the pilot’s interphone handset located behind the control pedestal. </li></ul><ul><li>Interphone system calls from the flight deck to flight attendant stations are prioritized according to the code dialed. </li></ul>
  35. 39. PASSENGER ADDRESS SYSTEM <ul><li>This system is used to make announcements, give information etc. to the passengers on board during a normal flight or during emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>Announcements can be made from all handsets & the flight deck. </li></ul><ul><li>Many aircrafts have pre-recorded ones as well when announcements in regional languages are necessary. </li></ul>
  36. 40. PASSENGER CALL SYSTEM <ul><li>An attendant call button is present, on the overhead PSU or on the armrest, of every seat so that a passenger can call the cabin crew whenever required. </li></ul><ul><li>O n activating it, there is a chime with the passenger call illuminating, in the call panel in the galley, at the doors before & after the zone in which the passenger is seated & PSU call light over the passenger illuminating. </li></ul>
  38. 42. TASK 1 P2 a & b
  39. 43. PURPOSE & AIM To be able to evaluate a range of personal attributes required by cabin crew to carry out their role and responsibilities effectively.
  40. 44. EVACUATION ON LAND <ul><li>An evacuation slide is an inflatable slide used to evacuate an aircraft quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>An escape slide is required on all commercial (passenger carrying) aircraft where the door sill height is such that, in the event of an evacuation, passengers would be unable to &quot;step down&quot; from the door uninjured. </li></ul><ul><li>Escape slides are packed and held within the door structure inside the slide bustle , a protruding part of the inside of an aircraft door that varies in size depending on both the size of the aircraft and the size of the door. </li></ul>
  41. 45. SAFETY EQUIPMENTS <ul><li>Asbestos gloves are for protection of hands during fire fighting and it is in the cockpit. </li></ul><ul><li>Thick goggles found in the cockpit, which protects eyes against smoke thus helping crew fight the fire. </li></ul>
  42. 46. <ul><li>Automatically inflatable vests found under seat on board to help in floatation during ditching. </li></ul><ul><li>An oxygen mask provides a method to transfer breathing oxygen gas from a storage tank to the lungs . Oxygen masks may cover the nose and mouth (oral nasal mask) or the entire face (full-face mask). They may be made of plastic , silicone , or rubber . </li></ul>
  43. 47. <ul><li>Devices used to contain & overcome fire. </li></ul><ul><li>They are of two types: Halon & Water. </li></ul><ul><li>Kit used in minor cases of injury or an emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>Contain general items for treatment & can be administered by crew. </li></ul>
  44. 48. TASK 1 P3 a, b & c
  45. 49. PURPOSE & AIM To be able to define a range of in-flight services.
  46. 50. COCKPIT
  47. 51. CARGO <ul><li>A cargo aircraft plane (also known as freight aircraft or freighters ) is a fixed-wing aircraft designed or converted for the carriage of goods, rather than passengers. They are devoid of passenger amenities, and generally feature one or more large doors for the loading and unloading of cargo. </li></ul><ul><li>Aircraft designed for cargo flight use have a number of features that distinguish them from conventional passenger aircraft: a &quot;fat&quot; looking fuselage, a high-wing to allow the cargo area to sit near the ground, a large number of wheels to allow it to land at unprepared locations, and a high-mounted tail to allow cargo to be driven directly into and off the aircraft. </li></ul>
  49. 53. TASK 2 P2 a To be able to evaluate a range of personal attributes required by cabin crew to carry out their role & responsibility effectively.
  50. 54. PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES <ul><li>Good Communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Well Groomed </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuality </li></ul><ul><li>Smiling face </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>Diplomacy </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>General Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Judgment Tact </li></ul><ul><li>Convincing </li></ul><ul><li>Power Presence of mind Team </li></ul><ul><li>Work Hard </li></ul><ul><li>Working Maturity </li></ul>
  51. 55. CONCLUSION <ul><li>FROM THIS TASK I understood what is CABIN CREW ,THEIR WORK AND THE QUALITIES THEY MUST HAVE REQUIRED and I also understood how to give services and things to remember while doing service . </li></ul>
  52. 56. TASK 3 P3 b & P2 c
  53. 57. PURPOSE & AIM To identify and explain the procedures for handling a range of different passengers with special needs.
  54. 58. Different types of passengers <ul><li>V.V.I.Ps & V.I.Ps </li></ul><ul><li>C.I.P-Commercially important persons </li></ul><ul><li>UNMs -Unaccompanied minors </li></ul><ul><li>Infirm & invalid passengers </li></ul><ul><li>Mentally challenged passengers </li></ul><ul><li>Expectant mothers </li></ul><ul><li>Mothers with infants & small children </li></ul><ul><li>Deportees </li></ul>
  56. 60. IDENTIFICATION & HANDLING <ul><li>A passenger who is below the age of eighteen & travelling alone is usually classified as an Unaccompanied minor or UNM. </li></ul><ul><li>‘Giveaways’ like toys & books are given to keep the UNM occupied. </li></ul><ul><li>Take the special care of UNM. </li></ul>
  57. 61. EMBARKATION & DISEMBARKATION <ul><li>The passenger is boarded first & deplaned last. </li></ul><ul><li>The ground staff hands over the minor to the cabin crew in charge of the zone/section in which the minor is to be seated. </li></ul><ul><li>All papers & documentation are given to the cabin crew. They are to be checked thoroughly. </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency procedures such as fastening of seat belts, usage of oxygen masks is told to the UNM. </li></ul><ul><li>The location of the galley, toilets and crew seats is shown to the UNM. </li></ul>
  58. 62. CONCLUSION <ul><li>From this task I came to know about various passengers and special services provided to them and special handling done to them . </li></ul>
  59. 63. TASK 4 P4 a
  60. 64. PURPOSE & AIM To become familiar with the correct operation of emergency equipment on board.
  62. 66. TASK 4 P4 b
  63. 67. PURPOSE & AIM To be able to explain the procedures to be followed for dealing with on board emergency situation.
  64. 68. DITCHING <ul><li>In case of flights that have a prolonged period of flying over a water body, like ocean, sea or even along a large lake etc. due to some emergency, if the aircraft is unable to reach land, then it will have to make an emergency landing on water which is known as DITCHING. </li></ul><ul><li>Escape slides of all doors other than those over the wings are used as rafts during ditching. </li></ul>
  65. 69. P1 a & b To undertake First Aid procedures in accordance with set standards.
  66. 70. ANOXIA & HYPOXIA <ul><li>ANOXIA-Emergencies at high altitude occur when the oxygen supply falls short or the oxygen equipment fails to function. </li></ul><ul><li>HYPOXIA-If a person is exposed to higher altitude, he encounters a condition known as hypoxia. i.e. lack of oxygen at tissue level. </li></ul>
  67. 71. OTITIC-BAROTRAUMA <ul><li>Barotrauma can occur during an ascend or descend of an aircraft. </li></ul><ul><li>The common areas for trapped air are the middle ear and para nasal-sinuses. </li></ul><ul><li>It can cause severe pain in the ear, partial deafness, bleeding of the middle ear or even perforation of the ear drum. </li></ul>
  68. 72. CHOKING (SIGNS & SYMPTOMS) <ul><li>The patient’s face, neck, fingure, toes change colour. </li></ul><ul><li>Despirately gasping for breathe. </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment relivevspsm get the foreign body out, slap on the back, squeeze upper stomach from behind, 3-4 sharp blows between shoulders on back. </li></ul><ul><li>If object does not come out, give abdominal thrust. </li></ul>
  69. 73. ASPHYXIA & RE-SUCSITATION <ul><li>If there is lack of oxygen in the blood or it is not available to the skin muscles breathing and the heart action stops. </li></ul><ul><li>STEPS- Support back of the neck, move the top of the head backwards, open mouth and hold nose. </li></ul><ul><li>Take a deep breathe, seal your lips against patient’s lips, blow in untill lungs are filled and watch chest. </li></ul>
  70. 74. TASK 5 (1)MERIT (2) P2 a & b
  71. 75. PURPOSE & AIM <ul><li>To identify safety features of Airbus A380. </li></ul><ul><li>To carry out a range of in-flight services on Airbus A380. </li></ul><ul><li>To become familiar with in-flight services on board. </li></ul>
  72. 76. AIRBUS A380
  74. 78. INTERIOR OF A380
  77. 81. BIBLIOGRAPHY <ul><li>HOW SAFE IS FLYING? </li></ul><ul><li>Flying On A Modern Jet Aircraft Such As Any Member Of airbus family is amongst the safety and most reliable forms of travel. All airbus aircraft meet the certification requirement of aviation authorities worldwide. Airbus work in hand with these authorities to ensure standards are maintained and enhanced. </li></ul><ul><li>A380 is the first aircraft to evacuate 853 passenger in 80 seconds during an emergency test . </li></ul>
  79. 83. PURPOSE & AIM <ul><li>T o analyze and interpret appropriate qualitative and quantitative data. </li></ul><ul><li>To present and summarize findings using suitable methods. </li></ul><ul><li>To propose recommendations based on the findings which identify and justify areas of future research. </li></ul>
  80. 84. ADVANTAGES OF CURRENT SCENARIO OF AVIATION INDUSTRY <ul><li>The biggest advantage is that its time saving. </li></ul><ul><li>Passenger get more comfort than any others do mode of transport. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the emergency of the LCC (low cost carriers) even common man can now travel by air which was a rare scenario in the earlier days. </li></ul><ul><li>Development in economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Improves standard of living. </li></ul><ul><li>More job opportunity. </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement in business sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Improves technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to visit different countries. </li></ul><ul><li>The aviation industry is one of the fastest growing industry in the world . </li></ul><ul><li>As earlier it used to take weeks to cross the ocean but now its just a matter of hours.. </li></ul><ul><li>The growth rate of domestic and international sector has been more than 25% which is highest in he world. </li></ul><ul><li>As the jobs available in this industry are of high risk the salary paid to the crew is very high as compared to other industry. </li></ul>
  81. 85. DISADVANTAGES <ul><li>It utilizes a lot of resources to do its thing fuel, rubber, metals, etc. hence it is getting too expensive. </li></ul><ul><li>It brings air pollution and increase in air traffic. </li></ul><ul><li>Hijack, bomb threat and emergency landing. </li></ul><ul><li>As there has been a hike in fuel charges, the airlines have increased their fares . </li></ul><ul><li>The air tickets will not be affordable to the common man and it would be only for high class society people. </li></ul><ul><li>No new aircrafts will be purchased . </li></ul><ul><li>Some airlines had cancelled all flights on routes that are un economic. </li></ul><ul><li>Airline increased their extra charges such as baggage handling to cover over all increased cost. </li></ul><ul><li>For crew members Very risky. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Flying Cannot choose Destination Shouting from Passenger. </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning the Washroom and vomits. </li></ul><ul><li>Taking care of medical passengers. </li></ul><ul><li>Handling Drunk Passenger with Abusive behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>No social life. </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue. </li></ul><ul><li>Jet lag. </li></ul>
  82. 86. P3 & P4
  83. 87. AIRBUS A380 <ul><li>The new airbus A-380 is a double-deck wide body. </li></ul><ul><li>Four engine airline manufacture by Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>The large passenger airline in the world, it designed to carry 555 passenger in the class configuration A-380 is a also termed as the “super jumbo” of aviation industry. </li></ul><ul><li>A380 provides more than 80% of the floor place than A300 A380 also possess some luxury area as the gymnasiums, bar, beauty salon, etc for more passenger comfort. Lower fuel consumption . </li></ul><ul><li>Noise level is lower of any existing aircraft. Window is also bigger, provide more natural light. </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless Network Will Provides Wireless Broad Band Internet </li></ul>
  84. 88. LATEST TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>Airbus partners employed the latest technology, some derived from the Concorde . On entry into service in 1974, the A300 was very advanced and influenced later subsonic airliner designs. The technological highlights include: </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced wings by de Havilland with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supercritical airfoil section for economical performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>advanced aerodynamically efficient flight controls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>222-inch diameter circular fuselage section for 8-abreast passenger seating and wide enough for 2 LD3 cargo containers side-by-side </li></ul><ul><li>Structures made from metal billets , reducing weight </li></ul><ul><li>First airliner to be fitted with wind shear protection </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced autopilots capable of flying the aircraft from climb-out to landing </li></ul><ul><li>Electrically controlled braking system </li></ul><ul><li>Later A300s incorporate other advanced features such as: </li></ul><ul><li>2-man crew by automating the flight engineer's functions, an industry first </li></ul><ul><li>Glass cockpit flight instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive use of composites for an aircraft of its era </li></ul><ul><li>Center-of-gravity control by shifting around fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Wingtip fences for better aerodynamics (first introduced on the A310-300 ). </li></ul>
  85. 89. TECHNOLOGICAL COMPARISION OF A300 & A380 <ul><li>On entry into service in 1974 , the A300 was very advanced and influenced later subsonic airline designs. The technological highlights include: Advanced wings Supercritical aerofoil section for economical performance. first airliner to be fitted with wind shear protection glass. Advanced autopilots capable of flying the aircraft from landing. Electrically controlled braking system. Glass cockpit flight instruments. The first airliner to use wingtip fences for better aerodynamics. Airbus pioneered the use of advanced composite materials incorporating them in secondary structures such as tailfin leading edges. </li></ul><ul><li>In cockpit technology of the a300/ a310 family, the a310 featured the first cockpit ever certificated for a two member flight crew on a large airliner . Electrically signaling was also been used initially on the a310 for secondary flight control systems Advanced autopilots capable of flying the aircraft from landing. Electrically controlled braking system. </li></ul>
  86. 90. AIRBUS A300 <ul><li>The Airbus A300 is a short- to medium-range wide body aircraft. </li></ul><ul><li>Launched in 1972 as the world's first twin-engined wide body. </li></ul><ul><li>The Beluga is capable of carrying loads of just over 1,500m³ or up to 47t (103,616lb) over a distance of 900 nautical miles. </li></ul><ul><li>Lighter loads are transported over longer distances, for example, 40t to 1,500 nautical miles and 26t to a range of over 2,500 nautical miles. </li></ul><ul><li>A-380 The 555 seat Airbus A380-800, with a non-stop range of 8,000nm, was launched in December 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The A380's maximum operating speed is Mach 0.89 and the range is 15,000km.“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The A380 has twin-aisle cabins on the upper and lower decks, with 49% more floor space for 35% higher seating capacity.“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The A380 is equipped with four 70,000lb thrust engines“. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The aircraft can complete a 180° turn within a width of 56.5m, within the 60m width dimension of standard runways.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing A-300 with latest technology:- </li></ul>
  87. 91. MY OPINION <ul><li>As per my opinion, Airbus A-380 is better than Airbus A-300 because the Airbus new design Super jumbo, the A380, is the world's first twin-deck, twin-aisle airliner. </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of the A380 include lower fuel burn per seat and lower operating costs per seat. </li></ul><ul><li>The size of the aircraft also allows for a surprising number of configurations for different airlines, such as these luxury beds. </li></ul>
  88. 92. P3 & P4 Where do I fit into the picture? What is my future in the Aviation sector? How did I benefit from doing this research?
  89. 93. <ul><li>I fit as a successful Flight Stewardress in one of the best Airlines. </li></ul><ul><li>According to me, my future is very secured in the aviation industry because in last three years aviation industry has developed a lot and also because I am a deserving person for this industry. </li></ul><ul><li>This research proved knowledgeable to me. </li></ul><ul><li>It gave me a lot of knowledge of Aviation Industry. </li></ul><ul><li>I came to know about lots of fact of this industry such as :- Working of this industry. Working of the Employees. Advantages and Disadvantages of the Aviation industry. Latest technology used in this industry. Factors affecting the aviation industry. Service rendering. </li></ul><ul><li>I fit as a successful Flight Steward in one of the best Airlines. According to me, my future is very secured in the aviation industry because in last three years aviation industry has developed a lot and also because I am a deserving person for this industry. </li></ul><ul><li>This research proved knowledgeable to me. It gave me a lot of knowledge of Aviation industry. </li></ul><ul><li>I came to know about lots of fact of this industry such as :- Working of this industry. Working of the Employees. Advantages and Disadvantages of the Aviation industry. Latest technology used in this industry. Factors affecting the aviation industry. Service rendering. </li></ul><ul><li>Before doing, this project I did not had any knowledge of aviation industry after doing lot of research I got a sufficient amount of knowledge about this industry. </li></ul>
  90. 94. FUTURE OF DOMESTIC AVIATION SECTOR India is one of the fastest growing aviation markets in the world. The current growth rate in domestic and international travel exceeds 25% the highest in the world. The Indian aviation industry has witnessed a remarkable growth in recent years with key drivers being positive economic factors, growth in consumer spending and availability of low fares. It is estimated that by 2010, Indian airports will be handling between 90 and 100 million passengers per year, as against the current 34 million passengers. It is also expected that nearly the low cost carrier segment [LCC] will drive 80% of this growth. The increase in percentage growth rate of domestic sector is far more than that of the international sector. The other factors, which will boost up the domestic sector in next few years, are as follows: LCC (low cost carrier): Due to the emergence of the low cost airlines, every common person can afford to travel which was a rare scenario in earlier days. Attraction to foreign shores: jet and Sahara have gone international by starting operations. After five years of domestic operations, many domestic airlines too will be entitled to fly overseas. Rising income levels: though India’s GDP is very low as compared to the developed country standards, but as India’s economy is growing even now, the common person can afford to fly by air .Glamour of the airlines. No other industry other than film making industry is as glamorous as the airlines. Airline tycoons have been idolized. Airlines have a aura of glamour around them, and high net worth individuals can always have an idea of owing an airline, due to all the above factors have resulted in a “me too” rush to launch domestic airlines in India.
  91. 95. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT <ul><li>I would like to acknowledge and extend my heartfelt gratitude to the following persons who have made the completion of this assignment possible: Our Faculty, Khushnum Mam, for her vital encouragement and support. Who was like a candle with us who took all the pain and gave light to us Frankfinn, for believing and understanding me and giving assistance. </li></ul><ul><li>Most especially to my family and friends And to God, who made all things possible. </li></ul>
  92. 96. BIBLIOGRABHY <ul><li>WWW.GOOGLE.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WIKIPEDIA ANSWERS.COM </li></ul><ul><li>AIRBUS.COM </li></ul><ul><li>AVIATION TIMES </li></ul><ul><li>AVIATION MODULE </li></ul>
  93. 97. Thank You