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AVIATION
Name : Swathi.S.Rompicherla
Batch no : 06
Center name : Thane
Assessor name : Mrs. Preeti Brid.
Subject : Aviation
Year : 2015 - 2016
CONTENTS
TASK-1
 Current scenario in aviation industry
 Current affairs in aviation industry
TASK-2
 Functions of the parts in aircraft
o Cockpit
o Exterior part
o Interior
o Slide raft
o Cabin intercommunication data system
TASK-3
 Embarkation and Disembarkation of special handling
passengers
o VVIP’S
o Mother with Infant
o Deportee
o Blind passenger.
o Wchr passenger(wheel chair passenger)
TASK-4
 Describe and compare boieng747 and airbus380.
 Case study on mishap of an air crash.
current scenario in aviation industry
 India’s Civil Aviation Industry Is On A High-growth Trajectory. India
Aims To Become The Third-largest Aviation Market By 2020 And The
Largest By 2030.
 The Civil Aviation Industry Has Ushered In A New Era Of Expansion,
Driven By Factors Such As Low-cost Carriers (LCCS), Modern Airports,
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) In Domestic Airlines, Advanced
Information Technology (It) Interventions And Growing Emphasis On
Regional Connectivity. India Is The Ninth-largest Civil Aviation Market
In The World, With A Market Size Of Around US$ 16 Billion.
 The World Is Focused On Indian Aviation – From Manufacturers,
Tourism Boards, Airlines And Global Businesses To Individual
Travellers, Shippers And Businessmen. If We Can Find Common Purpose
Among All Stakeholders In Indian Aviation, A Bright Future Is At
Hand,” Said Mr. Tony Tyler, Director General And CEO, International
Air Transport Association (IATA).
current affairs in aviation industry
• Go Air signs $7.7 billion deal with Airbus for 72 A320 neos
Go Air, country's fifth-biggest carrier by passengers travelled, announced on
Tuesday a preliminary agreement with European plane maker Airbus to buy 72
A320neos in a deal worth about $7.7 billion at current list prices.
• Four Killed In Plane Crash In Houston
Four people have been killed in the US after a small plane crashed
shortly after takeoff from a private Houston airport.
• Purchasing Limit At Airport Duty-Free Shops Increased
Five Times
Flyers coming in from abroad can buy goods up to Rs 25,000 from duty-
free shops in international airports across the country, a five-time jump
from the current limit.
• Rough Seas, High Winds Delay Search For Flight MH370
Rough seas and strong winds have delayed the search for Malaysia
Airlines Flight MH370 in the Indian Ocean, prolonging the search until
August in one of the world's greatest aviation mysteries, investigators
said today.
The search had been scheduled to be completed by mid-year
• Dubai Airport Shut On Saturday For Over An Hour; 22
Flights Diverted - Executive
Dubai International Airport, the world's busiest airport for international
travel, closed its airspace for 69 minutes due to unauthorized drone
activity on Saturday, causing 22 flights to be diverted, aviation
authorities said.
• Jet Airways To Launch Hyderabad-Sharjah Flight From
August
Private full-service carrier Jet Airways on Monday announced launch of an
additional flight on the Hyderabad-Dammam Mangaluru-Sharjah route from
August.
Functions of the parts in aircraft
COCKPIT
 A Cockpit Is Also Knows As Flight
Deck Usually Near The Front Of
An Aircraft, From Which
A Pilot Controls The Aircraft. Most
Modern Cockpits Are Enclosed, Except
On Some Small Aircraft.
 The Cockpit Of An Aircraft
Contains Flight Instruments On An
Instrument Panel, And The Controls
That Enable The Pilot To Fly The
Aircraft.
 In most airliners, a door separates the
cockpit from the aircraft cabin. After
the September 11, 2001 attacks, all
major airlines fortified their cockpits
against access by hijackers
EXTERIROR OF AIRCRAFT
FUSELAGE: Its Is The Central Body Portion Of A Plane Designed To Carry Fuel,
Passengers, Freight & Mail. The Part Of The Aircraft, Which Is Streamlined, &
The Wings And The Tails Are Attached To It. It Is Made Up Of Duralium I.E. An
Alloy Of Aluminium, Nickel & Cobalt.
COCKPIT: A Cockpit Or A Flight Deck Is The Area, Usually Near The Front Of An
Aircraft, From Which A Pilot Controls The Aircraft. It Is A Place Where From
Flight Is Controlled On The Ground And In The Air.
CABIN: An Aircraft Cabin Is The Section Of An Aircraft In Which Passengers
Travel, Often Just Called The Cabin. The Portion Of Enclosed Airplane Intended
For Transporting Passengers Or Freight.
WINGS: The Parts Of The Plane That Provides Lift & Support The Weight Of The
Plane, Its Passengers, Crew & Cargo While The Plane Is In Flight.
FLAPS: The Movable Portion Of The Wings Closest To The Fuselage. These Are
Control Surface Installed On The Trailing Edge Of A Wing And Used To Increase
The Amount Of Lift Generated By The Wing At Slower Speed.
AILERONS: Ailerons Are Hinged Control Surfaces Attached To The Trailing Edge
Of The Wing Of A Fixed-wing Aircraft. The Aileron Are Used To Control The
Aircraft In Roll.
RUDDER: The Rudder Is One Of Three Primary Flight Control Surfaces Found On
An Airplane. It Is A Movable Surface Hinged To The Fixed Surface That Is
Located At The Rear Of The Aircraft Called The Vertical Stabilizer, Or Fin. The
Rudder Controls Movement Of The Airplane About Its Vertical Axis And Causes
The Airplane & Helps Nose To Move The Right Or Left And Point In A Different
Direction.
HORIZONTAL STABILIZER: Thus Is The Horizontal Part Of The Tail Assembly,
The Small Wings At The Rear Of An Aircraft’s Fuselage. It Balances The Lift
Forces Generated By The Main Wings Further Forward On The Fuselage. The
Stabilizer Also Usually Contains The Elevator.
UNDERCARRIAGE: It Is Located Under The Plane, It Allows The Plane To Land
And Supports It While It Is On Ground. It Also Has The Mechanism To Reduce
And Absorb The Shock Of Landing To Acceptable Limits.
SPOILER: Spoilers Are Small, Hinged, Plates On The Top Portion Of Wings.
Spoilers Can Be Used To Slow An Aircraft, Or To Make An Aircraft Descend, If
They Are Deployed On Both Wings. Spoilers Can Also Be Used To Generate A
Rolling Motion For An Aircraft, If They Are Deployed On Only One Wing.
INTERIOR OF AIRCRAFT
INTERIOR PARTS OF AIRCRAFT
AISLE : A Passage Between Two Sections Of Seats, Comprising Of Horizontally
Placed Rows That Is Located From The Nose To Tail Of The Aircraft Without Any
Obstruction.
BULKHEAD: Partitions Or Walls In The Fuselage To Make Compartments For
Different Purpose.
DOGHOUSE: A Small Cupboard, Placed On The Floor Of The Aircraft On Casters,
Usually Behind The Last Row Of Seats In Every Zone Of The Plane Used For
Storage Purposes.
OVERHEAD BINS: Medium Sized Compartments Placed Along The Sidewall Of The
Aircraft, Fitted With A Door, Meant For Storage Of The Carry On Baggage Of
The Passenger During Flight.
EMERGENCY EXITS : Doors & Windows Used Specially In Case Of Emergency
Besides Being Used As Normal Exits.
GALLEY: The “Kitchen” Of The Aircraft Is Called The Galley.
LAVATORY: All Lavatory Are Similar In Design , Though Size And Contour May
Very Depending On Its Location.
An Evacuation Slide Is An Inflatable Slide Used To
Evacuate An Aircraft Quickly.
An Escape Slide Is Required On All Commercial
Aircraft Where The Door Sill High Is Such That, In
The Event Of An Evacuation, Passengers Would Be
Unable To “Step Down” From The Door Uninjured.
Escape Slides Are Packed And Helped Within The
Door Structure Inside The Slide Bustle, A Protruding
Part Of The Inside Of An Aircraft Door That Varies
In Size Depending On Both The Size Of The
Aircraft And The Size Of The Door.
Many, But Not Slides Are Also Designed To Double
As Life Raft In Case Of A Water Landing
SLIDE RAFT
CABIN INTERCOMMUNICATION DATA SYSTEM
Embarkation and Dis embarkation
Of special handling passengers
VVIP’S
 These Passengers Are Boarded Last & Deplaned First At The Destination.
Very Often Extra Security Accompanies The Flights In Which These
Passengers Are Travelling.
 Special Menu , Extra Crew Are Sometime Provided On These Flights.
 The Passengers Who Fall Into These Categories Are :
 President & Head Of State Of Countries.
 Prime Ministers & Heads Of The Governments.
 Vice-president.
 Royal Visitors & Members Of Royal Families.
 Governors Of States & Cabinet Ministers
MOTHER WITH INFANT
 They Are Usually Seated On The Carrycot Seats. The Carrycot / Bassinet
Should Be Placed Soon After Take-off & Removed When The Aircraft
Starts Its Descent To The Destination.
 The Infant Should Be On The Mother’s Lap During Take-off & Landing.
They Should Also Be Advised To Feed The Infant At This Time & Put
Cotton In The Infant’s Ear To Prevent Pressure Distress.
 Extra Amenities Like Napkins , Disposable Diapers, Feeding Bottles, Baby
Food Should Be Offered.
 Just Before The Meal Service Commences, The Mother Should Be Asked
When She Would Like Her Meal . More Often Than Not, They Eat Later
When The Cabin Crew Can Look After The Infant Whilst They Eat. In
Such Cases Their Choice Of Meal Should Be Kept Separate.
DEPORTEE
 A person with invalid immigration documents or who is being sent back
to his county of origin because of some legal/ security matters is A
deportee.
 Often in the latter case he/ she is accompanied by extra security.
 They are boarded last & deplaned last.
 The senior cabin crew for that zone handles all the paperwork.
 These passengers are usually seated near the galley area, where the
cabin crew can observe them in flight.
 They are not permitted to deplane at transit halts.
BLIND PASSENGER.
 A Trained Dog May Be Carried In The Cabin In-case A Passenger
Who Is Dependent Upon It.
 The Dog Has To Properly Harnessed, Restrained And Muzzled.
 Blind Passenger Along With Dog Or With Any Other Assistance Will
Board First And Deplaned Last.
WCHR PASSENGER
Few passengers need that extra attention as they are physically
handicapped or are suffering from or recovering from A serious illness, in
such case :
The passenger is boarded first & deplaned last. Often classified as A
“wheelchair” passenger on the PIL, he / she is handed over to the crew in
whose zone he / she is seated.
Seriously ill passengers are often accompanied by a relative or a medical
personnel like a doctor or a nurse.
They are seated close to the toilet. Many airlines have A specially designated
‘handicap toilet’-one that is designed with extra amenities to help such
passengers.
Their diet should be checked as soon as possible as very often they have a
special diet uplifted that has to be served to them before the order
passengers in the zone.
They should be given full assistance the flight till they deplane from the
aircraft.
Describe and compare
boieng747&airbus380
• ENGINES: FOUR GENX-2B67 TURBOFANS
• TYPICAL CRUISING SPEED : MACH 0.855[855KM/H]
• RANGE: 14,815KM [8,000NM]
• MAX TAKE-OFF WEIGHT : 435,456 KG [960,000lb]
• WINGSPAN: 68.5M [224FT 9 INCH]
• LENGTH : 74.2M [249FT 6 INCH]
• COST: ABOUT $205 MILLION
BOIENG747
BOIENG747
• Engines : Four Rolls-Royce Trent 900 turbofans or four general Electric
/pratt & whitney GP-7200 turbofans
• Typical Cruising Speed : Mach 0.85 (850 km/h)
• Range : 14,800 km (8,000 nm)
• Max Takeoff Weight : 560,000 kg (1,234,600 lb.)
• Wingspan : 79.8m (261 ft. 10 in)
• Length : 72.75m (238 ft. 8 in)
• Passengers Seating : 555 Passengers On Decks In A Three Class
Arrangement, And Up To 800 Passengers In A One0 Class Arrangement
• Cost : About $250 Million US
AIRBUS380
Air bus 380
 Airbus and Boeing are the two giants when it comes to manufacturing
commercial airplanes.
 The A380 is the latest and biggest plane from Airbus while the 747
has been Boeing’s flagship for quite some time.
 The biggest difference between the two is size as the A380 is
certainly much bigger than the 747.
 The Airbus A380 has a wingspan that is 15m longer to that of the
747.
 It is also about 50% heavier than the 747 even when empty.
 The size of the A380 is such that many airport runways are not
equipped to accommodate the huge planes and had to undergo major
renovations to make them fit.
AIRBUS A380 VS BOEING 747
 The major contributor to the A380’s considerable size is its 2nd
deck, which extends the full length of the entire plane.
 The 747 is also a double decker but its 2nd deck is just very short.
 The 747’s characteristic bulge at the front of the plane is the extent
of its 2nd deck.
 Because of the full length of the A380’s deck, it can accommodate
way more passengers than the 747 without extending its length by
much.
 Even though the A380 is just over 2 meters longer than the 747, it
can accommodate 33% more passengers in the usual 3 class seating or
up to 50% more in an all economy seating.
 In order to get that much weight into the air, the A380 needs a lot
more thrust than the 747.
 Each of the A380’s four engines can put out at least 80,000lbs of
thrust while the 747’s engines only put out somewhere around 60,000lbs
of thrust.
 But all in all, the A380 still manages to be more efficient and less costly
per passenger and would be perfect in high traffic routes like major
cities and regional hubs.
 Other areas may not benefit from having an A380 or may even lose
profit because of it.
 As the 747 has been in production for four decades, it is no secret that
it has gone through many revisions and has many variants aside from the
typical passenger and cargo models.
 Non-commercial variants include VIP transport, with Air Force One
being the most popular, Shuttle carrier, and as an aerial fire fighter
among others.
CASE STUDY ON MISHAP OF AN AIR CRASH
New delhi :
The country woke-up Saturday morning to one of the deadliest air
tragedies in Mangalore. Air India express flight 821 from Dubai to
Mangalore, carrying 166 passengers, got completely burnt, killing 158
people and eight miraculous survivors.
Time of the mishap :
 at 2 am on 22nd of May, 2010 thiel- fated Air India express flight 812
off from Dubai international airport. Captain Lusaka, A Serbian expat, was
in charge. It’s A four-and-a-half hour long flight to Mangalore.
The flight was scheduled to touch down at about 6:30 am.
There were 166 passengers on board – 137 adults, 19 children, 4 infants
and 6 crew members.
Most of them were from Kerala, handling back from the gulf, each with a
date to keep it with there loved ones.
PLANE CRASH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Google
Frankfinn sites
http://www.ibef.org/industry/indian-aviation.aspx
Aviation -frankfinn

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Aviation -frankfinn

  • 2. Name : Swathi.S.Rompicherla Batch no : 06 Center name : Thane Assessor name : Mrs. Preeti Brid. Subject : Aviation Year : 2015 - 2016
  • 3. CONTENTS TASK-1  Current scenario in aviation industry  Current affairs in aviation industry TASK-2  Functions of the parts in aircraft o Cockpit o Exterior part o Interior o Slide raft o Cabin intercommunication data system
  • 4. TASK-3  Embarkation and Disembarkation of special handling passengers o VVIP’S o Mother with Infant o Deportee o Blind passenger. o Wchr passenger(wheel chair passenger) TASK-4  Describe and compare boieng747 and airbus380.  Case study on mishap of an air crash.
  • 5. current scenario in aviation industry
  • 6.  India’s Civil Aviation Industry Is On A High-growth Trajectory. India Aims To Become The Third-largest Aviation Market By 2020 And The Largest By 2030.  The Civil Aviation Industry Has Ushered In A New Era Of Expansion, Driven By Factors Such As Low-cost Carriers (LCCS), Modern Airports, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) In Domestic Airlines, Advanced Information Technology (It) Interventions And Growing Emphasis On Regional Connectivity. India Is The Ninth-largest Civil Aviation Market In The World, With A Market Size Of Around US$ 16 Billion.  The World Is Focused On Indian Aviation – From Manufacturers, Tourism Boards, Airlines And Global Businesses To Individual Travellers, Shippers And Businessmen. If We Can Find Common Purpose Among All Stakeholders In Indian Aviation, A Bright Future Is At Hand,” Said Mr. Tony Tyler, Director General And CEO, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  • 7. current affairs in aviation industry
  • 8. • Go Air signs $7.7 billion deal with Airbus for 72 A320 neos Go Air, country's fifth-biggest carrier by passengers travelled, announced on Tuesday a preliminary agreement with European plane maker Airbus to buy 72 A320neos in a deal worth about $7.7 billion at current list prices. • Four Killed In Plane Crash In Houston Four people have been killed in the US after a small plane crashed shortly after takeoff from a private Houston airport. • Purchasing Limit At Airport Duty-Free Shops Increased Five Times Flyers coming in from abroad can buy goods up to Rs 25,000 from duty- free shops in international airports across the country, a five-time jump from the current limit.
  • 9. • Rough Seas, High Winds Delay Search For Flight MH370 Rough seas and strong winds have delayed the search for Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 in the Indian Ocean, prolonging the search until August in one of the world's greatest aviation mysteries, investigators said today. The search had been scheduled to be completed by mid-year • Dubai Airport Shut On Saturday For Over An Hour; 22 Flights Diverted - Executive Dubai International Airport, the world's busiest airport for international travel, closed its airspace for 69 minutes due to unauthorized drone activity on Saturday, causing 22 flights to be diverted, aviation authorities said. • Jet Airways To Launch Hyderabad-Sharjah Flight From August Private full-service carrier Jet Airways on Monday announced launch of an additional flight on the Hyderabad-Dammam Mangaluru-Sharjah route from August.
  • 10. Functions of the parts in aircraft
  • 11. COCKPIT  A Cockpit Is Also Knows As Flight Deck Usually Near The Front Of An Aircraft, From Which A Pilot Controls The Aircraft. Most Modern Cockpits Are Enclosed, Except On Some Small Aircraft.  The Cockpit Of An Aircraft Contains Flight Instruments On An Instrument Panel, And The Controls That Enable The Pilot To Fly The Aircraft.  In most airliners, a door separates the cockpit from the aircraft cabin. After the September 11, 2001 attacks, all major airlines fortified their cockpits against access by hijackers
  • 13.
  • 14. FUSELAGE: Its Is The Central Body Portion Of A Plane Designed To Carry Fuel, Passengers, Freight & Mail. The Part Of The Aircraft, Which Is Streamlined, & The Wings And The Tails Are Attached To It. It Is Made Up Of Duralium I.E. An Alloy Of Aluminium, Nickel & Cobalt. COCKPIT: A Cockpit Or A Flight Deck Is The Area, Usually Near The Front Of An Aircraft, From Which A Pilot Controls The Aircraft. It Is A Place Where From Flight Is Controlled On The Ground And In The Air. CABIN: An Aircraft Cabin Is The Section Of An Aircraft In Which Passengers Travel, Often Just Called The Cabin. The Portion Of Enclosed Airplane Intended For Transporting Passengers Or Freight. WINGS: The Parts Of The Plane That Provides Lift & Support The Weight Of The Plane, Its Passengers, Crew & Cargo While The Plane Is In Flight. FLAPS: The Movable Portion Of The Wings Closest To The Fuselage. These Are Control Surface Installed On The Trailing Edge Of A Wing And Used To Increase The Amount Of Lift Generated By The Wing At Slower Speed.
  • 15. AILERONS: Ailerons Are Hinged Control Surfaces Attached To The Trailing Edge Of The Wing Of A Fixed-wing Aircraft. The Aileron Are Used To Control The Aircraft In Roll. RUDDER: The Rudder Is One Of Three Primary Flight Control Surfaces Found On An Airplane. It Is A Movable Surface Hinged To The Fixed Surface That Is Located At The Rear Of The Aircraft Called The Vertical Stabilizer, Or Fin. The Rudder Controls Movement Of The Airplane About Its Vertical Axis And Causes The Airplane & Helps Nose To Move The Right Or Left And Point In A Different Direction. HORIZONTAL STABILIZER: Thus Is The Horizontal Part Of The Tail Assembly, The Small Wings At The Rear Of An Aircraft’s Fuselage. It Balances The Lift Forces Generated By The Main Wings Further Forward On The Fuselage. The Stabilizer Also Usually Contains The Elevator. UNDERCARRIAGE: It Is Located Under The Plane, It Allows The Plane To Land And Supports It While It Is On Ground. It Also Has The Mechanism To Reduce And Absorb The Shock Of Landing To Acceptable Limits. SPOILER: Spoilers Are Small, Hinged, Plates On The Top Portion Of Wings. Spoilers Can Be Used To Slow An Aircraft, Or To Make An Aircraft Descend, If They Are Deployed On Both Wings. Spoilers Can Also Be Used To Generate A Rolling Motion For An Aircraft, If They Are Deployed On Only One Wing.
  • 17. INTERIOR PARTS OF AIRCRAFT
  • 18. AISLE : A Passage Between Two Sections Of Seats, Comprising Of Horizontally Placed Rows That Is Located From The Nose To Tail Of The Aircraft Without Any Obstruction. BULKHEAD: Partitions Or Walls In The Fuselage To Make Compartments For Different Purpose. DOGHOUSE: A Small Cupboard, Placed On The Floor Of The Aircraft On Casters, Usually Behind The Last Row Of Seats In Every Zone Of The Plane Used For Storage Purposes. OVERHEAD BINS: Medium Sized Compartments Placed Along The Sidewall Of The Aircraft, Fitted With A Door, Meant For Storage Of The Carry On Baggage Of The Passenger During Flight. EMERGENCY EXITS : Doors & Windows Used Specially In Case Of Emergency Besides Being Used As Normal Exits. GALLEY: The “Kitchen” Of The Aircraft Is Called The Galley. LAVATORY: All Lavatory Are Similar In Design , Though Size And Contour May Very Depending On Its Location.
  • 19. An Evacuation Slide Is An Inflatable Slide Used To Evacuate An Aircraft Quickly. An Escape Slide Is Required On All Commercial Aircraft Where The Door Sill High Is Such That, In The Event Of An Evacuation, Passengers Would Be Unable To “Step Down” From The Door Uninjured. Escape Slides Are Packed And Helped Within The Door Structure Inside The Slide Bustle, A Protruding Part Of The Inside Of An Aircraft Door That Varies In Size Depending On Both The Size Of The Aircraft And The Size Of The Door. Many, But Not Slides Are Also Designed To Double As Life Raft In Case Of A Water Landing SLIDE RAFT
  • 21. Embarkation and Dis embarkation Of special handling passengers
  • 22. VVIP’S  These Passengers Are Boarded Last & Deplaned First At The Destination. Very Often Extra Security Accompanies The Flights In Which These Passengers Are Travelling.  Special Menu , Extra Crew Are Sometime Provided On These Flights.  The Passengers Who Fall Into These Categories Are :  President & Head Of State Of Countries.  Prime Ministers & Heads Of The Governments.  Vice-president.  Royal Visitors & Members Of Royal Families.  Governors Of States & Cabinet Ministers
  • 23. MOTHER WITH INFANT  They Are Usually Seated On The Carrycot Seats. The Carrycot / Bassinet Should Be Placed Soon After Take-off & Removed When The Aircraft Starts Its Descent To The Destination.  The Infant Should Be On The Mother’s Lap During Take-off & Landing. They Should Also Be Advised To Feed The Infant At This Time & Put Cotton In The Infant’s Ear To Prevent Pressure Distress.  Extra Amenities Like Napkins , Disposable Diapers, Feeding Bottles, Baby Food Should Be Offered.
  • 24.  Just Before The Meal Service Commences, The Mother Should Be Asked When She Would Like Her Meal . More Often Than Not, They Eat Later When The Cabin Crew Can Look After The Infant Whilst They Eat. In Such Cases Their Choice Of Meal Should Be Kept Separate.
  • 25. DEPORTEE  A person with invalid immigration documents or who is being sent back to his county of origin because of some legal/ security matters is A deportee.  Often in the latter case he/ she is accompanied by extra security.  They are boarded last & deplaned last.  The senior cabin crew for that zone handles all the paperwork.  These passengers are usually seated near the galley area, where the cabin crew can observe them in flight.  They are not permitted to deplane at transit halts.
  • 26. BLIND PASSENGER.  A Trained Dog May Be Carried In The Cabin In-case A Passenger Who Is Dependent Upon It.  The Dog Has To Properly Harnessed, Restrained And Muzzled.  Blind Passenger Along With Dog Or With Any Other Assistance Will Board First And Deplaned Last.
  • 27. WCHR PASSENGER Few passengers need that extra attention as they are physically handicapped or are suffering from or recovering from A serious illness, in such case : The passenger is boarded first & deplaned last. Often classified as A “wheelchair” passenger on the PIL, he / she is handed over to the crew in whose zone he / she is seated. Seriously ill passengers are often accompanied by a relative or a medical personnel like a doctor or a nurse. They are seated close to the toilet. Many airlines have A specially designated ‘handicap toilet’-one that is designed with extra amenities to help such passengers. Their diet should be checked as soon as possible as very often they have a special diet uplifted that has to be served to them before the order passengers in the zone. They should be given full assistance the flight till they deplane from the aircraft.
  • 29. • ENGINES: FOUR GENX-2B67 TURBOFANS • TYPICAL CRUISING SPEED : MACH 0.855[855KM/H] • RANGE: 14,815KM [8,000NM] • MAX TAKE-OFF WEIGHT : 435,456 KG [960,000lb] • WINGSPAN: 68.5M [224FT 9 INCH] • LENGTH : 74.2M [249FT 6 INCH] • COST: ABOUT $205 MILLION BOIENG747
  • 31. • Engines : Four Rolls-Royce Trent 900 turbofans or four general Electric /pratt & whitney GP-7200 turbofans • Typical Cruising Speed : Mach 0.85 (850 km/h) • Range : 14,800 km (8,000 nm) • Max Takeoff Weight : 560,000 kg (1,234,600 lb.) • Wingspan : 79.8m (261 ft. 10 in) • Length : 72.75m (238 ft. 8 in) • Passengers Seating : 555 Passengers On Decks In A Three Class Arrangement, And Up To 800 Passengers In A One0 Class Arrangement • Cost : About $250 Million US AIRBUS380
  • 33.  Airbus and Boeing are the two giants when it comes to manufacturing commercial airplanes.  The A380 is the latest and biggest plane from Airbus while the 747 has been Boeing’s flagship for quite some time.  The biggest difference between the two is size as the A380 is certainly much bigger than the 747.  The Airbus A380 has a wingspan that is 15m longer to that of the 747.  It is also about 50% heavier than the 747 even when empty.  The size of the A380 is such that many airport runways are not equipped to accommodate the huge planes and had to undergo major renovations to make them fit. AIRBUS A380 VS BOEING 747
  • 34.  The major contributor to the A380’s considerable size is its 2nd deck, which extends the full length of the entire plane.  The 747 is also a double decker but its 2nd deck is just very short.  The 747’s characteristic bulge at the front of the plane is the extent of its 2nd deck.  Because of the full length of the A380’s deck, it can accommodate way more passengers than the 747 without extending its length by much.  Even though the A380 is just over 2 meters longer than the 747, it can accommodate 33% more passengers in the usual 3 class seating or up to 50% more in an all economy seating.  In order to get that much weight into the air, the A380 needs a lot more thrust than the 747.
  • 35.  Each of the A380’s four engines can put out at least 80,000lbs of thrust while the 747’s engines only put out somewhere around 60,000lbs of thrust.  But all in all, the A380 still manages to be more efficient and less costly per passenger and would be perfect in high traffic routes like major cities and regional hubs.  Other areas may not benefit from having an A380 or may even lose profit because of it.  As the 747 has been in production for four decades, it is no secret that it has gone through many revisions and has many variants aside from the typical passenger and cargo models.  Non-commercial variants include VIP transport, with Air Force One being the most popular, Shuttle carrier, and as an aerial fire fighter among others.
  • 36. CASE STUDY ON MISHAP OF AN AIR CRASH
  • 37. New delhi : The country woke-up Saturday morning to one of the deadliest air tragedies in Mangalore. Air India express flight 821 from Dubai to Mangalore, carrying 166 passengers, got completely burnt, killing 158 people and eight miraculous survivors. Time of the mishap :  at 2 am on 22nd of May, 2010 thiel- fated Air India express flight 812 off from Dubai international airport. Captain Lusaka, A Serbian expat, was in charge. It’s A four-and-a-half hour long flight to Mangalore. The flight was scheduled to touch down at about 6:30 am. There were 166 passengers on board – 137 adults, 19 children, 4 infants and 6 crew members. Most of them were from Kerala, handling back from the gulf, each with a date to keep it with there loved ones.