Up-scaling of Conservation Agriculture in Zambia: Key  barriers to the practice of minimum tillage among                  ...
NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES                                        Dept. of International Environment and Develo...
NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES                                        Dept. of International Environment and Develo...
NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES                                        Dept. of International Environment and Develo...
NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES                                        Dept. of International Environment and Develo...
NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES                                        Dept. of International Environment and Develo...
NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES                                        Dept. of International Environment and Develo...
8                                Thank you                                                                           www.u...
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Up-scaling of CA in Zambia: key barriers to the practice of minimum tillage among smallholder farmers. Progress Nyanga

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A presentation at the WCCA 2011 event in Brisbane.

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  • ....and those are holes(in the pic)? Then the literal translation for CA in Malawi( mtayakhasu) is a misnomer as it suggest that with CA farmers are altogether doing away with the hoe. How can one make those pits?

    Good paper it is!
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Up-scaling of CA in Zambia: key barriers to the practice of minimum tillage among smallholder farmers. Progress Nyanga

  1. 1. Up-scaling of Conservation Agriculture in Zambia: Key barriers to the practice of minimum tillage among smallholder farmers Progress H Nyanga
  2. 2. NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES Dept. of International Environment and Development Studies, Noragric  Conservation Agriculture in Zambia – Less than 120,000 farmers in 2006 to over 180,000 in 2010 practising minimum tillage • Conservation agriculture basins and/or ripping – Increase in district coverage (e.g. from 12 to 17 districts for CFU) – Increase in number of actors promoting CA – About 20% of total cultivated land is under minimum tillage  This study – 640 households under CFU’s Conservation Agriculture Programme (CAP I) – Households interviewed each farming season from 2006/2007 to 2009/2010 2 – Mixed methods were used www.umb.no 2
  3. 3. NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES Dept. of International Environment and Development Studies, Noragric Results Use of various tillage methods 80 Percentage of households 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 3 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 Conventional handhoe Conservation farming basins Ploughing Ripping www.umb.no 3
  4. 4. NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES Dept. of International Environment and Development Studies, Noragric Average area under tillage methods 2 1.8 1.6 Average area (ha) 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 4 Conventional handhoe Conservation farming basins Ploughing Ripping www.umb.no 4
  5. 5. NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES Dept. of International Environment and Development Studies, Noragric Area under tillage methods as percentage of total tilled land 80 70 60 Percentage area 50 40 30 20 10 0 2006/7 2007/8 2008/9 2009/10 5 CV Handhoe CA basins Ploughing Ripping www.umb.no 5
  6. 6. NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES Dept. of International Environment and Development Studies, Noragric Barriers to up-scaling  Cultural – Ploughing and livestock (e.g. southern & central provinces) – Dry season land preparation competing with other activities  Institutional – Slow rate of commercialisation of the ripper (14% ownership in 2010) – Lack of timely access to seed and fertiliser – Policy environment  Technological – Lack of suitable labour saving technologies • Heaviness of Chaka hoe  Differences in objectives 6 – Diversifying tillage methods vs conversion & intensification  Environmental – Flooding in basins system www.umb.no 6
  7. 7. NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES Dept. of International Environment and Development Studies, Noragric Implications  Technological approach to up-scaling is necessary but not sufficient – Technologies must be sensitive to the end users (e.g women)  Other aproaches are necessary – Institutional and policy approaches • Re-orientation of subsidy to include rippers • Aligning government programmes (FISP) to CA programmes and practices 7 www.umb.no 7
  8. 8. 8 Thank you www.umb.noDept. of International Environment and Development Studies, Noragric 8NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES
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