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Forage development as an input for improved animal production and      marketing in Fogera district          Pasture land ...
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Forage development as an input for improved animal production and marketing in Fogera district

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Poster for the ‘Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop,’ Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011

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Forage development as an input for improved animal production and marketing in Fogera district

  1. 1. Forage development as an input for improved animal production and  marketing in Fogera district  Pasture land in Fogera Intervention Results   • IPMS collaborated with local partners to mobilize the Biomass production• Fogera district has a plain topography and vast productive community to weed the Amikela in six major infested areas PAs Exclusion areas Forage productivities  Forage dry biomass grazing land that is usually flooded during the rainy • The project introduced area closure and cut and carry (t/ha) (t/PA per year) season by overflows from the local rivers of Gumara and systems for better forage production 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 Rib, and Lake Tana. Shina 7.0 7.7 8.5 7.8 59.5 60.0• Natural pasture land was used to support large number of livestock both from the district and neighboring districts Amikela clearance  Kuhar 6.0 11.4 10.7 10.5 64.2 119.47 Abakiros 38.5 7.0 269.1 during the dry season Guramba 20.0 137.4• The free and uncontrolled grazing system in the district Menogzer 14.0 102.9 91.6 123.7 179.47 resulted in severe degradation of the grazing land, the disappearance of palatable forage species, and the emergence of unpalatable noxious weeds like Hygrophilla auriculata (Amikela). Furthermore, conversion of many pasture lands into rice lands since 1987 resulted in a Scaling up/out successful forage  scarcity of pasture land. Community mobilization to  Engaging women in the process   developments  institutionalize the system   of Amikela clearing  Name of PAs selected Number of people participated Area in Ha. Men Women Forage production Shina 1742 95 23.75 Wagetera 436 98 67.00 Aboakokit 996 683 38.75 Kidist Hanna 923 143 42.75 Nabega 392 240 21.00 Shaga 1200 350 75.00 Total 5689 1609 268.50 Meeting to create faire distribution Delineation and area enclosure and  Available forage production  Fogera district land cover  palatable  forage cultivation for  area in Fogera Lessons and challenges Fogera dairy cattle production  • Hand weeding of Amikela helps to reduce the infestation level of  grazing land significantly during subsequent years and improves  biodiversity • Amikela clearance coupled with area enclosure helps poor people to  share common resources and create income through the sale of grass  • Amikela clearance and area enclosure improves social interaction  among community members and helps in community conflict  resolution • Area enclosure supports beekeeping by providing more pollen and  nectar • Adoption of delineation of grazing area/ cut and carry  management  in neighboring  districts was not uniform • There is a need  for study on the existing land tenure system First forage  harvest  from enclosed  Production of useful  forages  for  area bees  and the environment  Pasture land invaded by Amikela in Fogera District This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution‐Noncommercial‐Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.

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