Forage development as an input for improved animal production and marketing in Fogera district
Forage development as an input for improved animal production and marketing in Fogera district Pasture land in Fogera Intervention Results • IPMS collaborated with local partners to mobilize the Biomass production• Fogera district has a plain topography and vast productive community to weed the Amikela in six major infested areas PAs Exclusion areas Forage productivities Forage dry biomass grazing land that is usually flooded during the rainy • The project introduced area closure and cut and carry (t/ha) (t/PA per year) season by overflows from the local rivers of Gumara and systems for better forage production 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 Rib, and Lake Tana. Shina 7.0 7.7 8.5 7.8 59.5 60.0• Natural pasture land was used to support large number of livestock both from the district and neighboring districts Amikela clearance Kuhar 6.0 11.4 10.7 10.5 64.2 119.47 Abakiros 38.5 7.0 269.1 during the dry season Guramba 20.0 137.4• The free and uncontrolled grazing system in the district Menogzer 14.0 102.9 91.6 123.7 179.47 resulted in severe degradation of the grazing land, the disappearance of palatable forage species, and the emergence of unpalatable noxious weeds like Hygrophilla auriculata (Amikela). Furthermore, conversion of many pasture lands into rice lands since 1987 resulted in a Scaling up/out successful forage scarcity of pasture land. Community mobilization to Engaging women in the process developments institutionalize the system of Amikela clearing Name of PAs selected Number of people participated Area in Ha. Men Women Forage production Shina 1742 95 23.75 Wagetera 436 98 67.00 Aboakokit 996 683 38.75 Kidist Hanna 923 143 42.75 Nabega 392 240 21.00 Shaga 1200 350 75.00 Total 5689 1609 268.50 Meeting to create faire distribution Delineation and area enclosure and Available forage production Fogera district land cover palatable forage cultivation for area in Fogera Lessons and challenges Fogera dairy cattle production • Hand weeding of Amikela helps to reduce the infestation level of grazing land significantly during subsequent years and improves biodiversity • Amikela clearance coupled with area enclosure helps poor people to share common resources and create income through the sale of grass • Amikela clearance and area enclosure improves social interaction among community members and helps in community conflict resolution • Area enclosure supports beekeeping by providing more pollen and nectar • Adoption of delineation of grazing area/ cut and carry management in neighboring districts was not uniform • There is a need for study on the existing land tenure system First forage harvest from enclosed Production of useful forages for area bees and the environment Pasture land invaded by Amikela in Fogera District This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution‐Noncommercial‐Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.