Developing Metacognitive Skills In Your Students
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Developing Metacognitive Skills In Your Students

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Developing Metacognitive Skills In Your Students Developing Metacognitive Skills In Your Students Presentation Transcript

  • Developing Metacognitive Skills in Your Students By Jane Sutton
  • Strategies for Teachers
    • Model the thought process while teaching the subject matter
    • This will show the students the process that you are using when thinking
    • Verbalize what are you as a teacher is thinking while you are explaining the ideas to the students
    • This reinforces for the students the thinking skills the students should also be using
    • Say it out loud to model what the students should be doing to think about a problem
    • Again this will model to the students the thought process involved and what they should also do
  • More Strategies
    • Teachers should help students to connect the new information to what the students already know
    • How?
      • Do this in beginning of a lesson
      • Link what is being taught to what students already know
      • Teacher should identify what students will be learning
      • Teachers should explain why it is meaningful or important what the students will be learning by giving relative examples
    • Before a class the teacher can briefly describe what will be taught
    • This will help the students to know what to expect in the lesson
    • At end of class students can write down 3 things that they learned (collected by teacher) and teacher writes on board what he/she felt the 3 things the students should have learned
    • This will help the students know if they understood the lesson or if they should do more on their own or seek additional instruction
    Other Strategies
  • More strategies
    • Homework
      • Before student does homework - teacher explains what should be learned from the assignment
      • This gives the students what their goal for doing homework is (not just busy work)
      • After homework is completed - teacher asks students how they would do on an assessment dealing with the homework
      • The student here assesses his knowledge on his own
      • Students would then either review what they did or practice more of the same to better understand the subject
  • Tools for Learning
    • Teachers should provide students with tools (or tricks) to help them learn when teaching lessons
    • Examples:
      • First letter association technique - acronyms
      • ex. Order of operations in math
      • P lease E xcuse M y D ear A unt S ally
      • ( P arenthesis, E xponents, M ultiply, D ivide, A dd, S ubtract)
      • Rhyme Techniques – Make a rhyme to remember a fact
      • Encourage students to use these techniques when learning new material – this will help them remember longer when information is relative to something else
  • Self-regulation
    • For teachers to help students become self-regulated learners teachers need to make the students aware of:
      • What the student knows about the subject (use KWL)
      • What is the goal of the lesson or project
      • What are the resources available to the student
      • What is the student’s anxiety level (how does the student feel about learning or doing this assignment or taking this test)
    • Teachers must facilitate the following to encourage the student to be self-regulated
      • Time required to complete the task
      • Teacher sets time frame
      • Plan study time
      • (teacher could set different mile stones for the assignment to assist the students in this area
      • Organize materials
      • make software available for the students – outlining, flowcharting, etc.
      • What strategies will be used by the student
      • students discuss strategies with partners and/or in groups to make sure they are on track – setup by the teacher
    • Teacher needs to help monitor progress and then to help the students reflect on the assignment
      • What is working – are the students on task
      • Change strategies if needed – give students different strategies if students experiencing difficulty with task
      • Self test on what is being learned – teacher needs to encourage students to self test their knowledge
  • Using technology to facilitate metacognition skills
    • A graphic organizer for students to use as they are doing a project (KWL)
    L What I Have Learned W What I Want to Learn K What I Know
    • Inspiration (software product)
    • To help students organize thoughts
    • To do timelines to plan out projects (planning – students learn to plan)
    • To compare information
    • Blogging
    • Students write what they already know and what they are learning
    • Students working together on projects comparing information
  • Examples of Metacognition in the Classroom
    • In these examples a math teacher is teaching Rules of Order to middle school students. I used Bubblebye to add comments to the videos.
    • The original videos were from http://coe.jmu.edu/Mathvids2/strategies/tms.html
      • Video
      • Video
      • Video