Abbaszadə Türkan 403 a
Subject: FLT Methodology
Elements of Lesson Design (Hunter)
Dr. Madeline Hunter's research indicates that effective teachers usually
include the following elements in their lessons.
1) Anticipatory Set - A short activity, dispatch or prompt that focuses
the students' attention and ties previous lessons to today's lesson.
2) Purpose - An explanation of the importance of this lesson and a
statement concerning what students will be able to do when they have
completed it.3) Input - The vocabulary, skills, and concepts to be
4) Modeling - The teacher demonstrates what is to be learned
5) Guided Practice - The teacher leads the students through the steps
necessary to perform the skill using multiple modalities.
6) Checking For Understanding - The teacher uses a variety of
questioning strategies to determine if the students are understanding.
7) Independent Practice - The teacher releases students to practice on
8) Closure - A review or wrap-up of the lesson.
Learners will be introduced to designing lesson plans based on
principles and knowledge of learning objectives, assessment
plans, methods, materials, and learning activities. Learners will
find and prepare appropriate teaching materials through careful
analysis, adaptation and creation of professional resources.
Learners will also reflect on the cohesion between lesson design
and teaching philosophies.
Basic Instructional Design
In this module, learners are
introduced to lesson design
based on theorists such as Robert
Gagne and Benjamin Bloom.
Learners are introduced to
concepts to both begin a lesson
(gain attention, state objectives,
stimulate recall) and give a
lesson (present the content,
provide learning guidance, elicit
performance). This module also
introduces learners to a general
lesson plan template that will be
used throughout the course and
to basic classroom management
Presenting Instruction and Modeling
• Learners are introduced to the
concepts of presenting instruction
and modeling. Learners are
introduced to the concept of
"stickiness," and given several
words of advice on how to make
content sticky. Modeling is also
depicted as a way in which to
help learners to see what teachers
are trying to explain, and can be a
powerful form of instruction
itself. Learners are counseled to
have more than one model, and
are cautioned about presenting
models too early.
Guided to Independent Practice
• In this module,
introduced to the
practices of lesson