Out of the 220, 000 species of lepidoptera, about 45, 000 are butterflies, which most likely evolved from the moth. Butterflies areThe earliest known butterfly fossils were from between 40-50 million year ago. The development of butterflies and flowers are very similar, this is because both butterflies and caterpillars feed on flowering plants. found all over the world, except Antarctica.
BUTTERFLYLepidoptera is the scientific name forinsects such as butterflies and moths.LEPIDOPTERA is the Greek word for‘scale wing’.Rhopalocera is the scientific name forbutterfly.
CharacteristicsButterflies: Can range from as small as 1/8 of an inch to aslarge as 12 inches Have vision in red, green and yellow Has a top flight speed is 12 miles per hour Cannot fly when their body temperature islower than 86 degrees Taste with their feet to make sure the floweris suitable to provide food for its offspring.
Butterfly VS MothButterfly Has bright colours Wings are held together while resting Active during the day Top speed: 12 miles/hour
Moth Less bright colour Wings open and folded behind its back whileresting Active during the night Top speed: 25 miles/hour
Life CycleThe EggThe butterfly starts out as a tiny egg, oval or round. They areusually found on leaves of plants.The Larva (Caterpillar)In this stage, all the they do is eat the leaf they were born into.Every caterpillar type likes only certain types of leaves.Hence, the mother butterfly has to search and decide on whattype of plant to hatch its larva.The Pupa (Chrysalis)It may look like the caterpillar is just resting, from theoutside, but actually it is undergoing vast transformationknown as ‘metamorphosis’. Both tissue and organs have beenchanged by the time the pupa is completed.Adult ButterflyAfter the butterfly has emerged from its pupa, it normally takes3-4 hours to master flying. It then searches for a mate andgives birth to more offspring. The life cycle is then repeated.
DRAGON SCALEDrymoglossum Piloselloides is the scientificname for ‘dragon scale’.In Malay, it translates to ‘sisek naga’, whichmeans ‘dragon scale’.
CharacteristicsThe ‘dragon scale’ is an ephiphyte whichmeans it grows on trees to survive.Its thin stem is covered by scales and thereare star- shaped hairs on the stem.This helpsto conserve water.
UsesThe leaves of the ‘dragon scale’ can be used totreat rash.The decoction is used in lotion and applied onthe skin to treat smallpox, and used inpoultice to treat headache.
ExperienceSee- plant, trees, greeneryHear- river flowing, cricket, the windTaste- river water(tasteless), leaves(bitter)Smell- fresh air, the smell of trees and plantsFeel-humid, hot, river water (cold)
The EcosystemFrom what I observe in the site is that living things rely oneach other for survival.There is no living thing in existencethat is self-sufficient. It is until I understand this that I trulyappreciate nature and its ecosystem. Now I know that theecosystem is not just a biological community fighting forsurvival but rather, a community that interacts with eachother that results in a balanced natural ecosystem.However when this balance is disturbed by humanactivities, it may result in the extinction of endangeredspecies. I predict that if the ecosystem is continuallyunbalanced, one day it could mean the extinction ofmankind. Hence, I strongly believe that everyone should bemore cautious of nature and the consequences that couldresult if the ecosystem is impaired.