The Direct Method

  • 1,028 views
Uploaded on

my direct method presentation :)

my direct method presentation :)

More in: Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,028
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Mersin UniversityMersin University Faculty of Science and LettersFaculty of Science and Letters Department of English Language and LiteratureDepartment of English Language and Literature THE DIRECT METHOD IN LANGUAGE TEACHINGTHE DIRECT METHOD IN LANGUAGE TEACHING Soner KALANSoner KALAN İsmail PİŞERİsmail PİŞER Şenol BAKIRALŞenol BAKIRAL Erkan PATIBAYErkan PATIBAY Soner İÇENSoner İÇEN Burak ERGİNBurak ERGİN İDB 422İDB 422 Applied LinguisticsApplied Linguistics Dr. Pınar İBE AKCANDr. Pınar İBE AKCAN MersinMersin April, 2012April, 2012
  • 2. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD The Direct Method of language teaching is also called:
  • 3. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD The Direct Method was developed by Maximilian Berlitz towards the end of the 19th century as a reaction to the Grammar Translation Method.
  • 4. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD The Direct Method is named “direct” because meaning should be connected directly with the target language without translation into the native language.
  • 5. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD Basically, the Direct Method aims to provide language learners with a practically useful knowledge of language. Knowing a language is being able to speak it.
  • 6. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD This method argues that a foreign language can be taught without translation, unlike the argument of the Grammar-Translation Method.
  • 7. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD Rather than translating the teaching material, the teacher is expected to directly use the target language in class because a language can best be taught by using it actively in the classroom.
  • 8. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD The teacher should not explain but associate the meaning through action and demonstration.
  • 9. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD In this way, learners will be able to induce grammar rules through examples, illustrations, and demonstrations.
  • 10. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD This method replaces the textbook with teacher-student / student- student activities such as reading aloud, question-answer exercises, fill-in-the-blank exercises, etc.
  • 11. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD Correct pronunciation is given careful attention in this method. In addition, new vocabulary is taught by using known words.
  • 12. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 1. Classroom instruction is conducted exclusively in the target language. The teacher should demonstrate, not explain or translate. NEVER TRANSLATE: DEMONSTRATE
  • 13. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 2. Only everyday vocabulary and sentences are taught. BASIC VOCABULARY IS GIVEN FIRST
  • 14. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 3. Grammar is taught inductively. There may never be an explicit grammar rule given. DO NOT GIVE RULES: MAKE THEM FIGURE OUT THE RULE.
  • 15. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 4. New teaching points are introduced orally. ORAL TRANSMISSION
  • 16. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 5. Correct pronunciation and grammar are emphasized.
  • 17. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 6. Both speech and listening comprehension are taught.
  • 18. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 7. Vocabulary is taught through known words, demonstration, authentic objects (realia), pictures, and miming.
  • 19. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 8. The teacher, by asking the student to make a choice, gets him to correct his own error. LEARNING BY SELF-CORRECTION
  • 20. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 9. The syllabus is based on situations or topics, not usually on linguistic structures. CONTEXTUAL/TOPICAL TEACHING
  • 21. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 10. Learning is not merely restricted with formal language knowledge; it also involves speaker conventions and descriptive usage. NOT formal BUT NATURAL USE
  • 22. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 11. Students should learn to think in the target language as soon as possible. Vocabulary is acquired more naturally if students use it in full sentences, rather than memorizing word lists. NOT memorization but PRODUCTION
  • 23. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 12. The purpose of language learning is communication; therefore students need to learn how to ask questions as well as answer them. COMMUNICATION-FIRST PRINCIPLE
  • 24. TECHNIQUES IN THE DIRECTTECHNIQUES IN THE DIRECT METHODMETHOD  Reading aloud  Question-answer exercise  Student self-correction  Conversation practice  Fill-in-the-blank exercise  Dictation
  • 25. Direct Method Grammar translation method In the direct method, the teacher provides the knowledge in grammar inductively through speaking. The GTM focuses on grammar rules and their application. Language is learned through rules. Grammar-Translation Method vs.Grammar-Translation Method vs. The Direct Method: A ComparisonThe Direct Method: A Comparison in terms of GRAMMAR
  • 26. Grammar-Translation Method vs.Grammar-Translation Method vs. The Direct Method: A ComparisonThe Direct Method: A Comparison in terms of VOCABULARY Direct Method Grammar translation method The vocabulary is learned through practice every day. The vocabulary is learned through direct translation of L1. Students learn vocabulary when they are translated.
  • 27. Grammar-Translation Method vs.Grammar-Translation Method vs. The Direct Method: A ComparisonThe Direct Method: A Comparison in terms of TEACHER ATTITUDE Direct Method Grammar translation method The role of the teacher is of great importance. He asks questions to students constantly, encourages them to participate in class and corrects their mistakes immediately. The role of the teacher is not very active because he just limits his work to translate for the students.
  • 28. Grammar-Translation Method vs.Grammar-Translation Method vs. The Direct Method: A ComparisonThe Direct Method: A Comparison in terms of STUDENT ATTITUDE Direct Method Grammar translation method The students are very actives, their oral communication skills are emphasized, they have to speak a lot. The accuracy from the students is expected and they have to practice by translation.
  • 29. Grammar-Translation Method vs.Grammar-Translation Method vs. The Direct Method: A ComparisonThe Direct Method: A Comparison in terms of LANGUAGE SKILLS Direct Method Grammar translation method Oral communication skills are built up in a carefully grade Primary skills to be improved: Reading and writing.
  • 30. APPLICATION OF THE DIRECT METHOD