21st century skills -Critical thinking and problem solving, Communication, Collaboration, and Creativity and innovation, Technology and Life skills
Major constraints:Bandwidth, Limited electricity, Financial resources, Human resources, Hardware, Training
Teaching - Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) - Content dissemination and student support, Online AssessmentComms - Growing interest in the social networking in education working sites, wikis, communication tools and folksonomiesAdmin - systems for: admission and records, examination and transcripts, finance and management information
5th Annual Survey of Learning Tools,compiled from the Top 10 Tools lists of 531 learning professionals worldwide Implications – number of web applications, few education applications
Provide a sense of focus and direction Spell out clearly how improving the ICT capacity of the education sector can help to address issues of access, equity and quality at all levels. Enable institutions to generate their own internal ICT policies, strategies and plans, they also foster an appropriate allocation of resources.
Since students are often more familiar with these technologies than they areProvide a sense of focus and direction and spell out clearly how improving the ICT capacity of the education sector can help to address issues of access, equity and quality at all levels. Enable institutions to generate their own internal ICT policies, strategies and plans, they also foster an appropriate allocation of resources.
foster appropriate allocation of resources determine sustainable staffing issues and faculty roles Enable institutions to generate their own internal ICT policies, strategies and plansFunding, talentInstitutional policies and procedures for adopting and adapting technology
Build staff capacity in the areas of ICT procurement and contracting Use of unlicensed software an issue
Technology is of little use if the pedagogical skills needed to effectively and optimally use it are lackingDo not underestimate the effective interaction of students with content, fellow students and teachers/tutors during the learning processRequires a paradigm shift to a process that promotes interaction, communication, collaboration and construction
26 distinct sub-projects across 7 HEIs over 3 years
27 ProjectsICT and Elearning Policies, Online courses and interactive e-content, Portfolios, Digitisation of Exam Papers and ThesesMigration of courses from Blackboard to Moodle, Open Courseware,Video and Audio Lectures, Executive Information SystemsResearch Papers: Gender ICT Perceptions, Elearning AdoptionInstitutional commitments to ICT growing Strong focus on deployment of ICT to tackle challenges: using Moodle, other technologies (mobile, radio, e-portfolios)Extensive growth in number of online courses produced, Growing use of online courses on campuses
Projects : have specific and realistic deliverables and link to already identified institutional prioritiesInstitutional commitment to ICT needed through presence of supportive ICT policies and ICT Funding
The integration of ICTs in higher education is inevitableICT is moving beyond personal computers to mobile technology, Virtual World, Cloud Computing Role of ICTs in improving quality, widening access and cutting costs in the teaching functionTechnology must be seen as a supportive toolThe use of technology needs to add valueLook to integrate emerging technologies into policies and programmes Identify the specific roles of ICT in enhancing research and learning capabilities Provide for adequate infrastructure - backed by capacity buildingEnhance ICT though inter-institutional collaboration Wide adoption of ICTs calls for mindsets and skill sets that are adaptive to change
An approach to the use of ICTin South African FET Colleges: Lessons from Experience Greig Krull and Maryla Bialobrzeska Saide North-South VET ICT Conference 25 – 27 September 2012
Agenda • Context – Motivators and Constraints • ICT Integration in the FET Areas – Teaching, Administration, Communication • Challenges and Opportunities – Environment, Institution, People, Technology, Learning • Case Study: Approach to ICT Integration • Discussion
Overarching Context in FET Improve quality of teaching and learning to promote student success rates and employability Significantly increased participation
Context1. What is your biggest motivator to integrate ICT into your teaching and learning?2. What is your biggest constraint to integrate ICT into your teaching and learning?
Types of Challenges Environment Institutions People Technology Teaching and Learning
EnvironmentChallenges OpportunitiesLimited Regional Infrastructure Partnerships between institutions, governments- Electricity and businesses- Access to resourcesSustainability Articulate a vision and a strategic framework for harnessing the potential of ICTs to address a countrys development challengesPolicy Implementation Overarching and guiding national telecommunications and ICT policies, particularly as they relate to ICTs in education
PeopleChallenges OpportunitiesICT Literacy of Lecturers and On-going Professional DevelopmentReadiness Provide prior training when introducing ICTsExtra effort and time involved Implement incentive systems that promote thein using technologies use of ICTsLack of readiness of students Provide support and training for studentsto use technologiesShortage of people with Develop internal capacity in the use of ICTtechnical skills to maintain ICTsystems
Institutions Challenges Opportunities ICT Integration • Vision and commitment of the leadership to deploying ICTs • Included in strategic and operational plans Major financial investment Require strong institutional policy and planning needed (resource allocation) High cost of acquiring and • National/Provincial approach for joint maintaining ICTs negotiations on the cost of bandwidth • Identify ways in which ICTs will significantly enhance admin and teaching capabilities High cost of content Look for freely available resources e.g. Open Education Resources Consistency across campuses Centralised units and colleges
TechnologyChallenges OpportunitiesReliability and Security • Create a technology plan (includes long term budget) • Funds and staff available to sustain investments in ICT infrastructure and support systemsSystem / Data Integration • Piloting (test the efficacy of a technology) • Possible sharing or coordination of ICT usage with other institutionsInexperience in procuring Understand total ownership cost (acquisition,appropriate ICT installation, power supply, maintenance, replacement, training etc)Limited bandwidth Enhance bandwidth/connectivity through the acquisition of suitable infrastructure
Teaching, Learning & Student Support Challenges Opportunities Student Readiness Academic and Technical Support Constrained Staff Capacity • Shift to resource based learning • Focus on good quality learning resources • College Collaboration Quality Resources Access to OER Programme Delivery Flexible delivery methods – online, blended, distance
Case Study: Approach to Integration Partnership for Higher Education in Africa (PHEA) Educational Technology Initiative (ETI)
Project Objective “To support interventions in universities to make increasingly effective use of educational technology to address some of the underlying educational challenges facing the higher educational sector in Africa”Strategic objectives :• Support initiatives that integrate educational technology• Promote collaborative knowledge creation and dissemination• Refine institutional systems to more directly support teaching• Research and report on educational technology activity
Universities Involved University of Education Winneba (Ghana) Kenyatta University University of Jos Makerere (Kenya) (Nigeria) University University of Dar es University of (Uganda) Salaam (Tanzania) Ibadan (Nigeria) Catholic University of Mozambique26 distinct sub-projects across7 HEIs over 3 years
Project Examples26 ProjectsICT and Elearning Policies, Online courses and interactive e-content, Portfolios,Digitisation of Exam Papers and Theses, Migration of courses from Blackboard toMoodle, Open Courseware, Video and Audio Lectures, Executive InformationSystemsResearch Papers: Gender ICT Perceptions, Elearning Adoption
OERs Educational materials Examples: curriculum that have been designed maps, course materials, for use in teaching and learning that are openly textbooks, videos, licensed podcasts Find: International OER Some OER (depending on Repositories or search the license type) can be Google (term + creative reworked or remixed to commons) your local context
Lessons Learnt Rigid hierarchies hamper communication and implementation Capacity development is a key need Lack of institutionalised incentives to engage with ICT Limited ICT infrastructure remains a major barrier Encourage inter-institutional collaboration Need for sound financial and pedagogical planningSee the results: www.oerafrica.org (follow links to the PHEA Educational Technology Initiative)
Conclusions Basic problems such as limited bandwidth and intermittent electricity place significant limitations on the potential for growth However… • Telecommunications capacity is growing rapidly • Expanding range of devices at reducing costs • Explosion of available quality content online that educators and students can link to • Need governments and institutions to continue investment and focus on ICT use in FET
Summary Open Adequate Education Infrastructure Resources Adaptive Capacity to Change Building Look to Collaboration add Value
Discussion Thank you email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org greigk_za Maryla Bialobrzeska Greig Krull www.saide.org.za www.oerafrica.org This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
References • Johnson, L, Adams, S, and Cummins, M (2012). The NMC Horizon Report: 2012 Higher Education Edition. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium. • Isaacs, S and Hollow, D, (eds) 2012. The eLearning Africa 2012 Report, ICWE: Germany. • Commonwealth of Learning. 2009. ICTs for higher education: background paper from the Commonwealth of Learning. World Conference on Higher Education, Paris. • OER Africa: http://www.oerafrica.org/ • PHEA ETI: http://www.oerafrica.org/phea/PHEAETIProjectHome/tabid/170/Default. aspx • http://c4lpt.co.uk/top-100-tools-for-learning-2011/ • Tony Mays, Saide, 2012, Recapping OER Presentation