An Introduction to Openness in Online Learning


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An Introduction to Openness in Online Learning. Presented at the Nadeosa Conference, 24-25 July, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.

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An Introduction to Openness in Online Learning

  1. 1. An Introduction to Openness in Learning in a Digital Age Greig Krull 24 July 2014
  2. 2. The Open Education Movement Open Learning Open Educational Resources MOOCs Open Source Software in Education Open Access Discussion Outline
  3. 3. • Open learning • Open access • Open education practice • Open educational resources • Open licensing • Open source • Open data Open CC-BY-SA Adapted from Czerniewicz (2012) CC-BY-SA Openness???
  4. 4. What does Openness mean? • Reuse the content in its unaltered formReuse • Adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the contentRevise • Combine original or revised content with other content to create something newRemix • Make and share copies of the original content, revisions, or remixes with othersRedistribute
  5. 5. Why the need for openness?
  6. 6. The rise of Openness… “The real revolution is that universities, with scarcity at the heart of their business models, are embracing openness” Sir John Daniel (2012)
  7. 7. What is Open Learning? JISC CC-BY-NC-ND • Remove barriers to learning • Provide students reasonable chance for success • Centred on learner needs • Flexibility and choice over what, when, where and how they learn
  8. 8. Principles for Open Learning Saide (2012) [CC-BY] Opportunities and capacity for lifelong learning Learner-centred Active engagement leading to independent and critical thinking Flexible provision: Learners increasingly determine where, when, what and how they learn Recognise prior learning and experience Conditions for fair chance of learner success through learner support, contextually appropriate resources and sound pedagogical practices
  9. 9. Open Educational Resources (OER) “Educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and − under some licenses − to remix, improve and redistribute”
  10. 10. OER examples include textbooks, videos, podcasts, simulations, websites, course materials and more
  11. 11. Open Licenses Open licenses allow you to copy and distribute material, without requiring payment or permission
  12. 12. A Spectrum of Licenses
  13. 13. Mathieu Plourde CC-BY What are MOOCs?
  14. 14. Introduce fields and support for undergraduates Develop skills and introduce topics for postgraduates Special interest topics for postgraduates Continuing education and qualifications Introduce topics with high-profile presenters Deacon, A, Small, J and Walji, S (2014) [CC-BY-SA]
  15. 15. Course Landscape in Higher Education Deacon, A, Small, J and Walji, S (2014) [CC-BY-SA]
  16. 16. MOOC Platforms
  17. 17. Free and Open Source Software • Software distributed along with its source code • Able to use and/or modify the design • Low-cost technology option • Opportunities for [CC-BY-SA]
  18. 18. Platforms RSS Content Curation Discussion Groups Blog and Microblog Social Networks Multi- media Sharing Virtual Meeting Rooms Free and Open Source Tools Adapted from: Cavazza, Social Media Landscape [CC-BY-NC-SA]
  19. 19. Open Access • Rising prices of academic journals have meant some too expensive to access • Open Access: articles that are freely and openly available for reading, reviewing and distributing derivative works
  20. 20.
  21. 21. Questions for Reflection…
  22. 22. 1. Do you have a plan or strategy for open education? JISC CC-BY-NC-ND
  23. 23. 2. Do you have a plan or strategy for learning technologies or new methods of delivery? Fryer CC-BY
  24. 24. 3. What kind of teachers should we be when learning is mostly open and online? Vanguard Visions [CC-BY]
  25. 25. Thank You! This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. greigk_za Greig Krull
  26. 26. References • Bates, T and Sangra, A (2011) Managing Technology in Higher Education: Strategies for Transforming Teaching and Learning. John Wiley & Sons. • Butcher, N and Hoosen, S (2014). A Guide to Quality in Post-Traditional Online Higher Education. Academic Partnerships [CC-BY-SA] • Czerniewicz, L. 2012. Open Education: Why it matters to South Africa • Daniel, J (2012). Making Sense of MOOCs: Musings in a Maze of Myth, Paradox and Possibility. Journal of Interactive Media in Education. [CC-BY] • Deacon, A, Small, J and Walji, S (2014). Developing World MOOCs: A workshop on MOOCs in Africa. e/merge Africa. [CC-BY-SA] • Saide (2012). Empowering Learners through Open Learning. [CC-BY]