National ICT Competency Standards for Teachers


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The National Competency Standards for Teachers (NICS-TEACHER) is DepEd and CICT initiative to identify and describe the basic competencies that enable teachers to use information and communications technology in teaching and learning.

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National ICT Competency Standards for Teachers

  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONThe National ICT Competency Standard (NICS) for Teachers defines thecompetency outcomes, and the supporting knowledge and skills that are needed toutilize ICT in performing the job roles related to teaching.It provides the performance indicators to evaluate the level of knowledge andcompetence of teacher to apply ICT in the educational setting.In general, this set of competencies aims to prepare teachers to become users ofvarious ICTs to help both the students and themselves benefit from the technology.The prime benefits are: 1) access to information and knowledge resources, 2)communication and knowledge sharing, and 3) work efficiency. Some of thesecompetencies are expected to be acquired during the pre-service training while therest are long-term competencies that teachers will have to acquire in-service.The NICS-Teachers is based on a broad comparative research on current industrypractices in other countries, and was developed in consultation with variousgovernment and private agencies, institutions, and stakeholders. Knowledge andskills in competency areas are presented generally with specifics on essential areasof learning, but avoids reference to specific vendors, versions or equipment. Thus,it allows flexibility in the adoption of the standard while preserving the generalrequirements for competence.A series of technical discussions and workshops were conducted in Luzon, Visayas,and Mindanao to ensure a concrete ICT Competency Framework for each majorand specific area. Attendees to these workshops include: • Undersecretaries, Directors, and Consultants from Commission on Higher Education and Department of Education; • Deans, Department Heads, and faculty members of private and State Universities and Colleges; • Faculty members of various public and private elementary and secondary schools; • Project Directors of different Non-Government Organizations; and • IT Officers, Head Programmers, and MIS Heads of various National Government Agencies, Government Owned and Controlled Corporations, and private institutions.National Competency Standard for Teachers iCommission on Information and Communications Technology
  3. 3. CONTENTSDEFINITION OF TERMS..................................................................................... 1UNDERSTANDING THE STRUCTURE................................................................... 2DOMAIN A TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTS ..................................... 3DOMAIN B SOCIAL AND ETHICAL ...................................................................... 5DOMAIN C PEDAGOGICAL ................................................................................. 7DOMAIN D PROFESSIONAL ............................................................................... 9REFERENCES.................................................................................................. 10National Competency Standard for Teachers iiCommission on Information and Communications Technology
  4. 4. DEFINITION OF TERMSInformation & Communications Technology (ICT)Information and Communications Technology" (ICT) is defined as the totality ofelectronic means to collect, store, process and present information to end-users insupport of their activities. It consists, among others, of computer systems, officesystems and consumer electronics, as well as networked information infrastructure,the components of which include the telephone system, the Internet, fax machinesand computersICT Integration in TeachingThe utilization of ICT for the effective performance of teaching tasksICT Integration in LearningThe utilization of ICT to facilitate learning processStandardConventionally, a standard is defined as an accepted or approved example ortechnique against which other things are judged or measured, or which sets out aset of criteria that serves as a guideline for how something should be done;accepted level and scope of attainment of proficiency; a reference point againstwhich other things are judged or measured. In the handbook, the term is used torefer to concise statements that describe the key area of competency.CompetencyKnowledge, skill, ability, or characteristic associated with high performance on a job.Some definitions of competency include motives, beliefs, and values. Competenciescan also help distinguish high performance from average and low performance; adesirable quality or behavior; a performance indicatorNational Competency Standard for Teachers 1Commission on Information and Communications Technology
  5. 5. UNDERSTANDING THE STRUCTUREThe NICS is a wealth of information presented in a very compact form comprisingthe following elements: Standard Title The Standard Title is a concise statement that describes the key area of competency. Standard Descriptor The Standard Descriptor is a brief description of the skills set covered by the standard. Statements Statements describe in outcome terms the key areas of competence covered by the standard. Statements are focused on performance and are demonstrable. Indicators The Indicators identify the actions an individual would normally take to perform the area of competence detailed in the relevant statement. They are specific evidence of the achievement of a defined skill or knowledge level or the competent completion of a task. Sample Entry Standard Standard Descriptor Statements IndicatorsNational Competency Standard for Teachers 2Commission on Information and Communications Technology
  6. 6. DOMAIN A TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTSCompetency Descriptor:This domain includes competencies related to technical operations andconcept, and productivity of various ICT tools like computers andcommunication devices as well as application available on-line or off-line.Standard 1: Demonstrate knowledge and skills in basic computer operation and other information devices including basic troubleshooting and maintenanceIndicators:• Identify and define the functions of the main components (i.e. monitor, CPU, keyboard, mouse) of the computer• Identify and define the functions of computer peripherals (i.e. printer, scanner, modem, digital camera, speaker, etc.)• Properly connect main components, configure peripherals and install drivers when required• Configure computer settings of various software and hardware• Understand the basic functions of the operating system• Organize and manage computer files, folders and directories• Use storage devices (i.e. hard disk, diskette, CD, flash memory, etc.) for storing and sharing computer files. Create back-ups of important files• Protect the computer from virus, spyware, adware, malware, hackers etc.• Use online and offline help facilities for troubleshooting, maintenance and update of applicationsStandard 2: Use appropriate office and teaching productivity toolsIndicators:• Use a word processor to enter and edit text and images• Format text, control margins, layout and tables• Print, store and retrieve text documents from a word processor• Use a calculation spreadsheet to enter data, sort data and format cells into tables• Make computation, use formula and create graphs using spreadsheets• Print and store data tables using a spreadsheet application• Use a presentation package to add text and sequence a presentationNational Competency Standard for Teachers 3Commission on Information and Communications Technology
  7. 7. • Enhance slide presentations by adding sound, customizing animation and inserting images• Print presentation handouts and store slide presentations• Make effective class presentations using the slides and LCD projector• To acquire digital images and other media from web sites, CD, flash drives, etc.• Crop, scale, color correct and enhance digital images• Play various media files using appropriate media players• Stitch together video footages and sound tracks and add simple enhancements - transitions, titles, etc.• Attach and configure scanners, cameras, cell phones to acquire digital images• Store digital images using optical media (CD, DVD, flash disk) and online repositoriesStandard 3: Understand and effectively use the Internet and network applications and resourcesIndicators:• Connect to the internet via dial-up or LAN• Configure and use Web Browsers and Help applications• Send and receive emails with attachments, manage emails and use LAN and Web-based mail servers• Effectively use synchronous and asynchronous web based communication tools like instant messengers, voice and teleconferencing• Connect and use shared printers, shared folders and other devices within a network• Effectively use search engines, web directories and bookmarks• Download and install relevant applications including freeware, shareware, updates, patches, viewers and support applicationsStandard 4: Demonstrate knowledge and skills in information and data managementIndicators:• Effectively use search engines, directories, crawlers and agents to locate information sources• Search and collect textual and non-textual information from online and offline sources• Efficiently store and organize collected information using directories, drives, or databases• Distribute, share, publish and print information via print or web• Properly acknowledge information sources – online and offlineNational Competency Standard for Teachers 4Commission on Information and Communications Technology
  8. 8. DOMAIN B SOCIAL AND ETHICALCompetency Descriptor:This domain includes competencies related to social, ethical, legal and humanissues, and community linkage.Standard 1: Understand and observe legal practices in the use of technologyIndicators:• Understand the legal implications of Software Licenses and Fair Use• Understand and explain the basic concepts of Intellectual Property Rights• Differentiate and identify the Copyright, Trademark, Patent of various productsStandard 2: Recognize and practice ethical use of technology in both personal and professional levelsIndicators:• Detect plagiarism in student work• Properly acknowledge sources used in own work• Be an Anti Piracy advocate for all products with IPR like music, data, video and software• Advocate the responsible use of various technologies like computers, cell phones, etc.• Show respect for privacy and cyber etiquette, phone etiquette and similar use of technologyStandard 3: Plan, model and promote a safe and sound technology- supported learning environmentIndicators:• Demonstrate proper handling of computer devices and use of applications• Monitor how students use the computer specifically on software, hardware, computer games, and internet activities• Maintain a clean and orderly learning environment for students• Promote and implement rules and regulations on properly using computers• Accurately report malfunctions and problems with computer software and hardwareNational Competency Standard for Teachers 5Commission on Information and Communications Technology
  9. 9. Standard 4: Facilitate equitable access to technology that addresses learning, social and cultural diversityIndicators:• Design class activities to minimize the effect on students being disadvantaged or left-out• Help minimize the effects of the digital divide by providing access to digital materials for all students• Prepare lessons and activities appropriate to the level of learning and cultural background of students• Adapt activities using specialized hardware and software for physically disadvantaged studentsNational Competency Standard for Teachers 6Commission on Information and Communications Technology
  10. 10. DOMAIN C PEDAGOGICALCompetency Descriptor:This domain includes competencies related to the use of technology in thefollowing components of an instruction process: 1) planning and designingeffective learning environments and experiences supported by technology; 2)implementing, facilitating and monitoring teaching and learning strategiesthat integrate a range of information and communication technologies topromote and enhance student learning; and 3) assessing and evaluatingstudent learning and performances.Standard 1: Apply technology to develop students’ higher order thinking skills and creativityIndicators:• Make students use databases, spreadsheets, concept mapping tools and communication tools, etc.• Encourage students to do data analysis, problem solving, decision making and exchange of ideasStandard 2: Provide performance tasks that require students to locate and analyze information and to use a variety of media to clearly communicate resultsIndicators:• Use appropriately slide presentations, videos, audio and other media in the classroom• Teach students to use various multimedia materials for the reports and class presentationsStandard 3: Conduct open and flexible learning environments where technology is used to support a variety of interactions among students, cooperative learning and peer instructionIndicators:• Use various synchronous and asynchronous communication tools (email, chat, white boards, forum, blogs)• To facilitate cooperative learning and exchange of ideas and informationNational Competency Standard for Teachers 7Commission on Information and Communications Technology
  11. 11. Standard 4: Evaluate usage of ICT integration in the teaching-learning process and use results to refine the design of learning activitiesIndicators:• Design rubrics for assessing student performance in the use of various technologies• Use electronic means of administering quizzes and examinations• Analyze assessment data using spreadsheets and statistical applicationsStandard 5: Use computers and other technologies to collect and communicate information to students colleagues, parents, and othersIndicators:• Use emails, group sites, blogs, etc. for disseminating information directly to students, colleagues and parents• Use emails, group sites, blogs, etc. to collect information and feedback directly from students, colleagues and parentsStandard 6: Apply technology to facilitate a variety of appropriate assessment and evaluation strategies recognizing the diversity of learnersIndicators:• Explore the use of electronic assessment tools like on line testing, submission of projects via email or on line facilities• Set up online databases or repositories of student worksNational Competency Standard for Teachers 8Commission on Information and Communications Technology
  12. 12. DOMAIN D PROFESSIONALCompetency Descriptor:This domain includes competencies related to professional growth anddevelopment, research, innovation and collaboration.Standard 1: Proactively engage in exploring and learning new and emerging technologiesIndicators:• Identify educational sites and portals suitable to their subject area• Join online communities, subscribe to relevant mailing lists and online journals• Review new and existing software for education• Recommend useful and credible web sites to colleaguesStandard 2: Continuously evaluate and reflect on the use of technology in the profession for development and innovationIndicators:• Conduct research on the use of technology in the classroom• Follow online tutorials or online degree programs• Actively participate in online forums and discussionsStandard 3: Share experiences and expertise, and collaborate with peers and stakeholders in advancing the use of technology in education and beyondIndicators:• Publish (formal /informal) research on the use of ICT in education• Share lesson plans, worksheets, templates and teaching materials through course web sitesNational Competency Standard for Teachers 9Commission on Information and Communications Technology
  13. 13. REFERENCESISTE National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers. Retrieved April 4,2005, from Curriculum-Professional Development of Teachers. Retrieved April 4, 2005,from Competency Standard for Teachers 10Commission on Information and Communications Technology