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Teachers’ ICT competencies Mart Laanpere Head of the Centre for Educational Technology, Tallinn University [email_address]
Competencies <ul><li>Defined as “ personal characteristics (e.g. skills, knowledge, attitudes) that an individual possesse...
ICT competencies in curriculum <ul><li>Until 1992 computer science was a compulsory subject in Estonian schools </li></ul>...
ICT competencies in grade 9 <ul><li>Operates hard- and software </li></ul><ul><li>Manages files </li></ul><ul><li>Uses cor...
National test on ICT competencies <ul><li>Alternative to ECDL exams </li></ul><ul><li>Written test, 13 multiple-choice que...
New trends <ul><li>No more testing </li></ul><ul><li>Our study 2008: few schools were concerned with teaching and assessin...
Teachers’ ed.tech. competencies <ul><li>Educational technology competency standard for teachers in Estonia 2002 (based on ...
Competency models for teachers <ul><li>Until 2006: the teacher education framework and teachers’ accreditation requirement...
 
Teachers’ e-portfolio 2006 <ul><li>Competency Manager: our self-developed add-in module for Plone CMS </li></ul><ul><li>Tw...
 
 
Teacher training in ICT <ul><li>Initial teacher education:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compulsory ICT skills, those who do not ...
ISTE CNETS for Teachers 2008 <ul><li>See  http://cnets.iste.org </li></ul><ul><li>Four ed.tech. competency domains:  </li>...
Current situation <ul><li>A common ed.tech. competency model HTPM (based on ISTE CNETS 2008) for teachers in primary, seco...
DigiMe project 2011 <ul><li>Self-assessment of teachers’ ed.tech. competencies, based on HTPM </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based ...
Discussion and conclusions  <ul><li>E-portfolio seems to be a suitable tool/approach for assessment of teachers’ ICT compe...
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ICT competencies of teachers

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ICT competencies of teachers

  1. 1. Teachers’ ICT competencies Mart Laanpere Head of the Centre for Educational Technology, Tallinn University [email_address]
  2. 2. Competencies <ul><li>Defined as “ personal characteristics (e.g. skills, knowledge, attitudes) that an individual possesses or needs to acquire, in order to perform an activity within a specific context, whereas performance may range from the basic level of proficiency to the highest levels of excellence ” (Sampson & Fytros) </li></ul><ul><li>Highly context-bound </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be broken down to “atomic level” </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: outcome-based education, quality assurance of training programmes, accreditation of prior learning and experience </li></ul>
  3. 3. ICT competencies in curriculum <ul><li>Until 1992 computer science was a compulsory subject in Estonian schools </li></ul><ul><li>1997 national curriculum: informatics as an elective subject, IT as cross-curricular theme </li></ul><ul><li>2002 national curriculum introduced ICT as a compulsory cross-curricular theme, defined by 11 competencies </li></ul><ul><li>National sample-based testing of ICT competencies in grade 9 in 2002-2005 </li></ul>
  4. 4. ICT competencies in grade 9 <ul><li>Operates hard- and software </li></ul><ul><li>Manages files </li></ul><ul><li>Uses correct ICT terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Follows legal & ethical aspects of ICT use </li></ul><ul><li>Creates effective and aesthetical presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Uses ICT tools to find information and communicate with others </li></ul><ul><li>Understands the needs for critical evaluation of Internet information </li></ul><ul><li>Collects and analyses data with ICT tools </li></ul>
  5. 5. National test on ICT competencies <ul><li>Alternative to ECDL exams </li></ul><ul><li>Written test, 13 multiple-choice questions (30 min) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard, computer misuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Op.system: user interface, file types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing and WWW mistakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer viruses, error messages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is not allowed (copyrights, personal) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practical task (60 min) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find, rename, edit and save text file </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find additional information on WWW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design a booklet </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. New trends <ul><li>No more testing </li></ul><ul><li>Our study 2008: few schools were concerned with teaching and assessing cross-curricular themes </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum 2011: informatics as elective subject in grades 6, 8 and 10. </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolio-based assessment of students’ ICT competencies – legitimised by the new national curriculum </li></ul>
  7. 7. Teachers’ ed.tech. competencies <ul><li>Educational technology competency standard for teachers in Estonia 2002 (based on ISTE): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three levels: basic user, advanced user, expert </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Six domains: the use of ICT, designing the learning environment, e-learning in curriculum development, assessment in e-learning, ICT in professional development, social and technical aspects of technology use at school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No audience, no legitimisation, were used only for developing/assessing training programmes </li></ul>
  8. 8. Competency models for teachers <ul><li>Until 2006: the teacher education framework and teachers’ accreditation requirements </li></ul><ul><li>2006: professional qualification standard for teachers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 domains: planning and leadership, designing the learning environment, facilitating learning, motivating the learners, collaboration, communication, analysing and assessing the learning, self-directed professional development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not fully compatible with de facto standards: teacher education curricula and teacher accreditation requirements </li></ul>
  9. 10. Teachers’ e-portfolio 2006 <ul><li>Competency Manager: our self-developed add-in module for Plone CMS </li></ul><ul><li>Two views to competency model: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global view: publicly accessible, can be edited by admin and commented by registered member of the portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal view: used for organising learning goals, reflections and other evidences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Several parallel competency models: teachers’ PQS, ed.technology competencies, mentor etc </li></ul>
  10. 13. Teacher training in ICT <ul><li>Initial teacher education: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compulsory ICT skills, those who do not pass the test (80%) have to take a course “Computer as a tool” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compulsory subject “Learning environment” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elective subject “ICT in school” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject-specific ICT courses for student teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In-service teacher education in ed.tech.: mainly provided by Tiger Leap Foundation for free. 10 000 teachers were trained 2002-2005 on 40 hrs Intel course TTF </li></ul>
  11. 14. ISTE CNETS for Teachers 2008 <ul><li>See http://cnets.iste.org </li></ul><ul><li>Four ed.tech. competency domains: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate and Inspire Student Learning and Creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design and Develop Digital-Age Learning Experiences and Assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Model Digital-Age Work and Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote and Model Digital Citizenship and Responsibility </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. Current situation <ul><li>A common ed.tech. competency model HTPM (based on ISTE CNETS 2008) for teachers in primary, secondary and vocational schools as well as for university staff – one A4 page </li></ul><ul><li>Two detailed assessment rubrics for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University lecturers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not yet legitimised, might end up as appendix to new PQS for teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Plans: teachers’ portfolio at Koolielu.ee </li></ul>
  13. 16. DigiMe project 2011 <ul><li>Self-assessment of teachers’ ed.tech. competencies, based on HTPM </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based tool, automatically graded responses, based on authentic cases (video or slideshow scenarios) </li></ul><ul><li>Used for ICT competency audit, training needs analysis, forming more homogenous training groups etc. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Discussion and conclusions <ul><li>E-portfolio seems to be a suitable tool/approach for assessment of teachers’ ICT competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimisation is needed (both for HTPM competency standard and portfolio tool) </li></ul><ul><li>Future: e-portfolio as a state-provided free service in citizen’s portal eesti.ee? </li></ul>

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