The Age Of Napoleon


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The Age Of Napoleon

  1. 1. The Age of Napoleon 1799-1815
  2. 3. Napoleon’s Background <ul><li>He was born on the French controlled island of Corsica. </li></ul><ul><li>Age 9, sent to France to train for a military career. </li></ul><ul><li>He was 20 when the French Revolution began and was eager to make a name for himself. </li></ul>
  3. 4. During the French Revolution <ul><li>Napoleon rose quickly in the army </li></ul><ul><li>1793: drove British out of France </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous victories against the Austrians, captured most of Northern Italy & led an expedition into Egypt in 1798. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1799: he moved from military general to political leader </li></ul>
  4. 5. Napoleon’s Expedition to Egypt
  5. 8. Napoleon’s Political Career <ul><li>1799: helped overthrow the weak Directory and set up a three-man governing board, the Consulate. </li></ul><ul><li>Another Constitution was written, but Napoleon soon took the title First Consul. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1802 he had himself named Consul for life. </li></ul>
  6. 9. Napoleon the Emperor <ul><li>Two years after become First Consul, he had gathered enough power to take the title Emperor of the French. </li></ul><ul><li>He invited the pope to preside over his coronation at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>During the ceremony, Napoleon took the crown from the pope’s hands and placed it on his head. </li></ul>
  7. 12. Napoleon’s clever move! <ul><li>On each step to his rise to power, Napoleon held a plebiscite, or ballot which voters say yes or no to an issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Each time, the French strongly supported him. </li></ul>
  8. 13. France under Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>These were the slogans of Napoleons regime, which replaced the values of the Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Liberty </li></ul><ul><li>Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Fraternity </li></ul>
  9. 14. Napoleon’s Reforms <ul><li>His goal was to modernize France: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built roads & canals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public school system under government control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>made careers open to talent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants were guaranteed lands they had bought during the Revolution </li></ul></ul>
  10. 15. The Napoleonic Code <ul><li>Napoleon’s law code was based on Enlightenment principles. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equality of all citizens before the law, religious toleration, advancement based on merit & ability. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Napoleon’s code undid some reforms from the French Revolution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women lost newly gained rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men regained complete control over their wives </li></ul></ul>
  11. 16. Napoleon’s Military Power Grows! <ul><li>From 1804-1814: Napoleon earns a great reputation on the battle field. </li></ul><ul><li>“I grew up on the field of battle, and man such as I am care little for the life of a million men.” – Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>“We are babes in the hands of a giant.” – Czar Alexander I of Russia </li></ul>
  12. 17. Napoleon’s Impact <ul><li>He developed a new plan for each battle to keep his enemies off guard. </li></ul><ul><li>His enemies paid tribute to his leadership: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoleon’s presence on the battle field, was “worth 40,000 troops.” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 18. Napoleon’s Grand Empire <ul><li>He redrew the map of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>He annexed, or added areas to France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He put friends and family members at the thrones of Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brother Joseph = King of Spain </li></ul></ul>
  14. 19. 1792 Emperor in waiting Territories when the French Republic was proclaimed and Napoleon began his rise to power.
  15. 20. Napoleon’s Empire by 1811
  16. 21. Napoleon’s attempt to control Britain <ul><li>British were able to defeat Napoleon using their strong naval fleet. </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon then blockaded the British (shutting off ports to keep supplies from moving in an out) </li></ul><ul><li>In the end, Napoleon failed to defeat and control the British. </li></ul>
  17. 22. Napoleon’s Legacy <ul><li>The French celebrated unforgettable success. </li></ul><ul><li>Pride grew within France (Nationalism) </li></ul><ul><li>Victory parades were commonplace </li></ul><ul><li>The glory of the age of Napoleon is still a source of great pride in France. </li></ul>