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Napoleon Bonaparte

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Napoleon Bonaparte through his upbringing, the Napoleonic Wars, and his effect on European economics and politics.

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Napoleon Bonaparte

  1. 1.  Napoleon was born in 1769 on the French island of Corsica  His family was middle class  He was sent to military school where he climbed the ranks and became a lieutenant during the French Revolution
  2. 2.  Napoleon rose quickly in the military because many military officers fled France during the revolution  By the age of 27 Napoleon was promoted to general
  3. 3.  In 1796-1797 he had conquered parts of Northern Italy and claimed it for the French  He worked to end serfdom for Italy
  4. 4.  He had named himself the first consul (emperor of France) after Julius Caesar  He abolished the Assembly and appointed his own senators  1802  “Consul for life”  1804  Emperor for life
  5. 5.  Catholicism is the religion of the French people, but it is not mandatory to be Catholic  He gave Jews and Protestants a lot of religious freedom, allowing them to gain government jobs and attend schools
  6. 6.  The Napoleonic Code was published in 1804  Made a standard set of laws and rules in his empire  Was written under the principles of the revolution, but…  Women were severely restricted under the code
  7. 7.  Napoleon wanted to form a United Nations of Europe, but needed money for his military  Sold Louisiana to the US (lost all French territory overseas)
  8. 8.  Great Britain declared war on France in May 1803  Convinced Austria and Russia to join against France
  9. 9.  Napoleon defeated Austria and Russia at Austerlitz six weeks later  France won the War of the Third Coalition
  10. 10.  Napoleon could not invade England, so they placed a blockade of all British goods into Europe  The goal was to isolate Britain
  11. 11.  Prussia, Russia, Saxony, Sweden and England declared war on France because they feared that Napoleon was too powerful
  12. 12.  Napoleon entered Poland and created the Duchy of Warsaw  Russia was attacked and forced to surrender at Eylau
  13. 13.  Prussia lost half of its territory to Napoleon  Creation of the Duchy of Warsaw  Franco-Russian Alliance
  14. 14.  Napoleon invaded the Iberian Peninsula and conquered Spain
  15. 15. War of the Fifth Coalition, 1809 • A Franco-Austrian alliance was created when Napoleon married Marie Louise of Austria • Hostilities in the Peninsular War continued
  16. 16. • Jerome Bonaparte  King of Westphalia. • Joseph Bonaparte  King of Spain • Louise Bonaparte  King of Holland • Pauline Bonaparte  Princess of Italy • Napoléon Francis Joseph Charles (son) King of Rome • Elisa Bonaparte  Grand Duchess of Tuscany • Caroline Bonaparte  Queen of Naples
  17. 17.  Russia kept on retreating, and destroyed anything that the French could use  They wanted to draw the French into the interior of Russia and wait until the winter set in
  18. 18. Napoleon and 100,000 troops are forced to retreat from Russia through the harsh winter. Only 40,000 return.
  19. 19.  On October 16-17, Napoleon loses at the Battle of Leipzig and is forced to abdicate  Treaty of Fontainbleau – Napoleon is exiled to Elba
  20. 20. War of the Seventh Coalition 1815 Napoleon escaped from Elba and let an army at Waterloo where he was defeated by the English. He was then exiled to St. Helena. An island off of the coast of Africa
  21. 21. Louis XVIII (r. 1814-1824)took power of France after Napoleon
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Napoleon Bonaparte through his upbringing, the Napoleonic Wars, and his effect on European economics and politics.

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