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New york city

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  • 1. New York City: The Crossroad of World Trade By, Victoria Herrera History 141 Online
  • 2. The Country and the City Episode 1
    • Hudson sailed upon the Harbor of New York
    • New York was a experiment to see if all people of the world could live in one place
    • New York was founded by the Dutch
    • More languages were spoken in New York than in any other city in the world
    • New York had the finest harbor in the Atlantic Ocean
    • 1624 the first boat load of colonists arrived to N.Y.
    • 1626 the first African slaves arrived
    • New Amsterdam is where Modern Capitalism was invented
    • 1643 Willem Kieft wanted to tax the local Indians and launched a year long was against them when they resisted
  • 3. The Country and the City
    • The English took over New Amsterdam and renamed it New York
    • 1689 a local merchant named Jacob Leisler lead a up rising against the government
    • 1763 the city fell into a depression
    • The merchants and the public were going to be taxed by English rule thus the road to revolution
    • The people revolted and the tax act was repealed
    • Alexander Hamilton excited entire crowds to revolt against the crown
    • 1775 the American Revolution started
    • Hamilton soon became Washington’s closest aide
    • New York was the first capital of the U.S.
    • 1789 Washington was sworn in as the first president of the U.S. in New York City
  • 4. The Country and the City
    • As the capital moved out of New York it was the beginning of Civil War (City against Country)
    • N.Y. had the most debt due to the Revolutionary War
    • The government took on all the debt of the war (Hamilton’s idea)
    • 1792 was the beginning of the New York Stock Exchange
    • Hamilton single handedly started the most powerful economical engine on earth
    • Aster bought all undeveloped land he could get his hands on in Manhattan making him the wealthiest man in America
    • New York was to become the most man made artificial space in the history of the planet
    • Clinton wanted to build the Erie Canal
    • The Erie Canal paid for itself before it was even completed
  • 5. Sunshine and Shadow Episode 3
    • Central Park would become the great democratic meeting ground
    • 1870 everyone fought over control of Central Park
    • Between 1865-98 New York would become home to the greatest concentration of wealth in human history
    • Also the greatest division of wealth and poor
    • Poverty was conceived as a personal problem
    • The East River was the busiest stretch of water in the world
    • John Augustus Roebling drew up plans for the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, he died, leaving his son in charge
  • 6. Sunshine and Shadow
    • Boss William M. Tweed was the most corrupt urban Politician in American History
    • Al Smith became one of the most powerful politicians in the city
    • 1873 the worst financial crises struck New York
    • John Morgan wanted to bring order to Wall Street
    • J P Morgan financially backed Thomas Edison’s projects (switching to electricity)
    • The Brooklyn Bridge was the beginning of the “vertical city”
    • 1883 The People’s Day- The Brooklyn Bridge opened
  • 7. Sunshine and Shadow
    • 1890 nearly half the millionaires in America had flocked into the city
    • Henry George was committed to closing the gap between rich and poor
    • 1890, How the Other Half Lives went on sale, it would change forever the way people thought about the city
    • 1892 Whitman died, he was the most celebrated poet in the country
    • Many people in New York realized they needed to do more than just stand by and watch
    • 1898 there was a consolidation of New York but Brooklyn didn’t want in
    • After the consolidation there was a massive flow of immigrants into New York
  • 8. A Merger That Puts New York on Top
    • America Online decided to buy Time Warner
    • It’s success will depend in West Coast rivals and how they respond to the challenge
    • AOL will control 55% of the new company
    • New York’s most remarkable qualities is its ability to capture economic gains that started from other regions
    • AOL and Time Warner have not contributed to any technological innovation of the information age
    • Unless great Pacific metropolitan regions over come their rivalries and develop a common vision New York will never be the “capital of the next American century”
    • New York has faced a series of challenges to its status as the national metropolis
  • 9. American Compared, Section IV: “Immigrants and Cities” Rybczynski, “The City in the Land of the Dollar”
    • The Chicago Fair inspired the “City Beautiful” movement, a push to make over Chicago in the image of great European capitals
    • North American cities are without many of the conventional trappings of urbanity
    • Chicago is where the skyscraper was invented, where the idea of the American commercial downtown took root
    • Chicago was formed by the great commercial and industrial expansion of the late 19 th century
    • The elevator was one of the most influential technologies (buildings could be as tall as they could build)
    • Steel-frame construction was pioneered in Chicago
  • 10. American Compared, Section IV: “Immigrants and Cities” Rybczynski, “The City in the Land of the Dollar”
    • What attracted people to Chicago was the promise of employment
    • Chicago had intended to build a great linear park
    • Chicago was missing an urban vision grand enough to encompass its growing and justifiable sense of importance
    • The Columbian Exposition was a spectacular naturalistic and formal landscaping combined with grand public buildings
    • The White City offered Americans a new urban model
    • The planning of the White City brought together a extraordinary group of talented creative individuals
  • 11. American Compared, Section IV: “Immigrants and Cities” Rybczynski, “The City in the Land of the Dollar”
    • The National Capital became a model for the rest of the country
    • “ City Beautiful” was a slogan for an urban improvement campaign
    • It was tall office buildings that set American cities apart from Europe
    • Commercial buildings were symbols of the entrepreneurial American city
    • During the 1920’s, North Michigan Ave became the site of some of the city’s tallest and most spectacular buildings
    • The city profitable replaced the city beautiful