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Big History


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Big History

  1. 1. BIG HISTORY<br />Victoria HerreraHistory 140online<br />
  2. 2. Peoples and Empires<br />Introduction<br /><ul><li>A man from a Empire and a women who got taken as a child and raised as a Indian cross paths and interact
  3. 3. People outside of ones empire are frowned upon and picked on (looked down upon)
  4. 4. People of empires think the Indians are nasty savage people
  5. 5. If there is to be progress people have to venture out of the “norm”
  6. 6. As people got together “the stronger began to seize possession of the weaker. This is the beginning of empire.”
  7. 7. When you speak of empires you think of oppressed people (power)
  8. 8. Empires usually have many different cultures and religions (to be big) this would take huge herds of slaves
  9. 9. Human suffering goes on in empires, this can be responsible for “elimination of entire peoples”</li></li></ul><li>Peoples and Empires<br />Chapters 1-5<br /><ul><li>The only thing that remained of the ancient Rome was the Pope
  10. 10. All great European and Asian Empires were large, well-trained, and highly mobile land forces
  11. 11. People had very different ideas of what the geographical world looked like
  12. 12. Sailing ships created the possibility to transport large numbers of people across the planet
  13. 13. The French Revolution ended the belief that God had granted the Roman emperors the authority that they had
  14. 14. War can be for just hurting people or it can be used for changing peoples lives, in a good way
  15. 15. Alexander's empire was the biggest anyone has ever seen but the way it was ran would turn out to have some major consequences
  16. 16. Rome would pick up where Grease left off
  17. 17. When Rome became so big, ‘civil war’ started, the strongest part of the empire tried to take over, the army got so big Senate could not control it any longer
  18. 18. Empires will start to have independent states and the people, once loyal will start to revolt. That is the down fall of most of the big empires: Spain, Britain, Soviet Union
  19. 19. European society though Greek in science and philosophy became Latin.</li></li></ul><li>Peoples and Empires<br />Chapters 6-11<br /><ul><li>Columbus knew that gold would mean power- it could make man “jump into heaven”
  20. 20. The gold and silver that helped empires flourish also was their huge down fall
  21. 21. Europeans took over the majority of America. This became possible because of new navigational techniques
  22. 22. Racism was virtually non existent in the ancient world. But wouldn’t be for long!
  23. 23. All empires in history were slave-owning societies
  24. 24. Sugar was responsible for the boom of slave trade in the 15th through the 18th centuries
  25. 25. People thought it was better for slaves to be enslaved then to be free. It was far better for their minds and souls to be enslaved with civilized beings than to be free among their own kind
  26. 26. By the middle of the 18th century it was thought that the whole world had been explored and charted . All except the Pacific
  27. 27. Spain, France, and Britain started expeditions to pursue power and knowledge
  28. 28. Cooks triumph of the British nation was the creation of nationalism. This helped to shape the world in the 19th century
  29. 29. The British Empire justified racism as the commitment to “civilize” the “barbarian” and by doing so it would bring the world together
  30. 30. “No longer if it credible for a state to turn its back towards European values and influences” </li></li></ul><li>Guns, Germs, and Steel <br /><ul><li>Diamond says that almost all of our achievements were achieved on the Eurasian continent
  31. 31. Eurasians were able to wipe out a lot of other continents due to their early advancement because of agriculture
  32. 32. Eurasia had a huge selection of domesticated animals and also had the best climates which the East West Axis provided. So it was easy for the plants and animals to adapt across the continent
  33. 33. Eurasians grew wheat and barley which is easy to grow and store and it is a excellent source of nutrition. They grew a lot of food so the population went up substantially.
  34. 34. As food supply went up the population went up which made different non farming jobs like craftsmen and scribes which helped to find technological advancements. This helped to conquer other continents.
  35. 35. The huge population created widespread disease but this also helped the Eurasians to develop a immunity
  36. 36. The disease came from domesticated animals
  37. 37. Even though other continents weren't as advanced as Eurasia it didn’t mean that they were any less intelligent, it was all luck where one would be from
  38. 38. Europe became more advanced than Asia because they stopped trading ideas with other countries</li></li></ul><li>GUNS, GERMS, AND STEEL….CONTINUED<br /><ul><li>Did big things change because of famous people in history or was it the right place at the right time?
  39. 39. It is difficult to make history a science
  40. 40. It is had to predict history unlike science
  41. 41. Humans and animals are extremely complex
  42. 42. If something small changes it can result in something huge changing
  43. 43. Things in history such as people, weather, animals, and societies have so many variables. They sometimes feed off each other
  44. 44. It is easier to predict history on a large level over long periods of time so that the millions of small events average out
  45. 45. Human history is much more difficult to understand then fields of science. Science has fewer variables to get in the way.</li></li></ul><li>Guns, Germs, and Steel <br />Video Episode 1 & 2<br />Episode 1<br />Episode 2<br /><ul><li>Why do white men have so much cargo? All people are smart and resourceful it just depends on the hand that they were dealt
  46. 46. Great civilizations all had things in common- technology, large population, and organized work force. These are the keys why some civilizations advanced so much more than others
  47. 47. Planters would select the best plants and use the seeds. They started to control nature. (Domestication)
  48. 48. Hunter Gathers would never have enough food compared to people who planted crops
  49. 49. Domesticating plants and animals equals productive civilization
  50. 50. People who lived in the Fertile Crescent were blessed with the best crops and animals
  51. 51. “Can the distribution of wealth and power be related to cattle and wheat?”
  52. 52. Diamond thinks “The land is the answer”
  53. 53. Pizzaro lead the conquistadors to the Inca (they were invited and largely out numbered)
  54. 54. Spain had the best weapons. They produced steel while the Inca still made weapons made of bronze
  55. 55. Pizzaro captured Atahualpa and killed all his people
  56. 56. Pizzaro and his people had a immunity because he was around domesticated animals
  57. 57. Incas never had any protection from diseases because they had very few domesticated animals
  58. 58. Atahualpa handed over all his gold to Pizzaro because he promised him his freedom but Pizzaro still killed him
  59. 59. How did Europeans conquer the Incas?
  60. 60. They had a head start in weapons, germs, and steel because of where they lived</li></li></ul><li>The Origins and Nature of New World Slavery<br /><ul><li>Slaves made up a big part of the population and helped transform agricultural production
  61. 61. African slaves were choose for the most degrading labor which made a form of racism
  62. 62. These stereotypes of the black slaves reached Spaniard, English, and Americans
  63. 63. A new want for sugar created a disciplined labor force. People became addicted to having sugar and really addicted to tobacco. Both produced by slaves
  64. 64. African slaves were better workers because they were disciplined and productive while Indian slaves thought agriculture work was for women
  65. 65. Indians were more susceptible to disease. This was why African slaves price was much higher than Indians
  66. 66. Virgin soil epidemic- Indian population was almost completely wiped out due to disease, mass murder, and oppressive labor. America had never has any of these diseases so there was little immunity
  67. 67. The “New World” could have never developed without a immense labor force (slave labor) from another continent
  68. 68. White people as slaves started to be out of the question because they were Christians.
  69. 69. Having local whites instead of importing African slaves would have been a lot cheaper
  70. 70. Around 1820’s there was a lack of hope for black slaves because they increased in value (Growing demand and limited supply)
  71. 71. Even national leaders thought that blacks and whites could not coexist
  72. 72. “Our free society was created by black slave labor.” Isn't that ironic ?</li></li></ul><li>David Brion Davis<br /><ul><li>Author of 16 books
  73. 73. Cultural historian
  74. 74. Received the Pulitzer Prize and countless other awards
  75. 75. Davis’s decision to become a historian was from his experiences during the post-war
  76. 76. Davis says the problems that surround us are because a lack of knowledge
  77. 77. Davis helped to understand how slavery shaped the history of the United States, Americas, and the world
  78. 78. Davis got drafted right out of high school so there was no time for college
  79. 79. He saw out right racism against black soldiers that he worked with
  80. 80. The ‘way’ history was taught was most important to him
  81. 81. He taught American History for 47 years </li>