American urbanization & new york city


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American urbanization & new york city

  1. 1. •Manhattan used to be a small town- It is now a glorious city. From the 19th century to the 20th century its population grew significantly This was partially due to the opening of the Erie Canal •The small town – now a city, got fire stations and police departments as well as shops, museums and offices. •By the Civil War New York was the largest city of commerce in the U.S.
  2. 2.  CENTRAL PARK! › Having a city as large as New York without having anywhere peaceful to go was a problem. In 1876 the city purchased a strip of land and Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux set to work on creating “Central Park” This would be a place for all citizens to go without worrying about discriminationatory rules.
  3. 3. •Between 1845-1855 Ireland had a Potato famine, this caused over a million Irish immigrants to flee to American in search of work and means of living. However residents of New York didn’t take kindly to this, they soon created anti Catholic camps to dissuade Irish from entering. •Irish and African Americans were forced to take the hard jobs that no one else wanted. The Americans soon grew to hiring Irish men over the blacks, this was the beginning of Discrimination in New York , and years later the problems were solved.
  4. 4.  The end of the Civil War! New York now began to rebuild itself.  Railroads became a more important project for Americans to complete.  The Hudson river froze, resulting in a hault to commerce in Manhattan and New York.  The invention of the camera arrived and brought light to how some people in the city actually lived.
  5. 5.  The Brooklyn Bridge! › Construction began in 1870. John Roebling was the chief engineer of this project. However he died from an infection in his foot caused by it being crushed against a piling during a construction survey he was doing. After his death, his soon Washington Roebling took charge of the project and completed the bridge in 1883. This bridge was 1,600 feet long and about 275 feet high. This symbolized the steel revolution that was soon to follow.
  6. 6.  William “Boss” Tweed- The most corrupt politician in history.  He managed Tammany Hall (a place that provided Irish and German settlers with jobs, food, and shelters)  He became the third largest real estate owners in the city.  He stole over 50 million dollars from faking leases and some claim up to 200 million was stolen.  He was sentenced to 10 years in prison, got out, then fled to Spain where he was sent back to finish his life in prison.
  7. 7.  Boston and Philadelphia challenged New York for the claim of the U.S.’s “main center of commerce”  New York had many advantages though- they were not only a large port (thus could easily access shipments or importing and exporting goods) but they also had many growing markets.  In 2000 AOL bought Time Warner and this aided New York in joining the ranks of the masters of the digital age.
  8. 8.  Chicago is the fastest growing city in America, they had a successful railroad industry.  They were among the first to use technology such as the telephone, cable cars, electric trolleys, and elevators.  These means of public transportation were both affordable and successful in their growth of the city.
  9. 9.  Chicago (like New York) also created a large urban park. However in contrast to Central Park’s massive amount of land, they decided to make eight smaller parks instead. The parks consisted of small zoo’s, fields, lakes, and amphitheaters.  Chicagos true success came from hosting the World’s Columbian Expo in 1893.
  10. 10.  Skyscrapers! › Most cities in the United States looked relatively the same. Long straight streets, office buildings, and neighborhoods. › Chicago had a great fire in 1871, and afterwards they rebuilt their city with electric trolleys and steel framed Skyscrapers. › The first steel framed building was built in 1892. It was 22 stories tall. This made way for neighborhoods to now be converted into apartment buildings and other confined means of housing the growing population in cities.