American urbanization and new york city


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American urbanization and new york city

  1. 1. American Urbanization and New York City By: Audria Muscara
  2. 2. The Country and the City <ul><li>Colony of New Amsterdam was a beaver skin trading post ran by the Dutch. </li></ul><ul><li>Start of capitalism came out of this cultural and religious melting pot. </li></ul><ul><li>The colony became New York after being taken over and governed by the British. The revolution was fueled by taxes imposed on merchants and citizens. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Country and the City <ul><li>The British continued to inhabit New York for 7 years </li></ul><ul><li>The land was flourishing yet in extreme debt. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton founded the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and paid off the debt by moving the Capital and selling government bonds. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Country and the City <ul><li>John Astor (a fur trader) bought New York real estate during the “boom” and became the richest man in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Dewitt Clinton supported the development of the Erie Canal </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the large amounts of poverty and disease, Theodore Roosevelt stepped in and wanted to “re-build” and expand New York City. This was accomplished by acquiring Brooklyn, The Bronx, Queens, and Staten Island. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sunshine and Shadow <ul><li>2 extremes of New York; poverty ridden (prostitution, begging, starving children, and robbery) and pre-civil war New York (uppity English province) </li></ul><ul><li>At the start of the new century the level of poverty became more pronounced. People were living in filth, disease’ and tight living quarters. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sunshine and Shadow <ul><li>New York relied on “New Money” to build a new city. </li></ul><ul><li>The Brooklyn Bridge was built to expand New York over the river into the new vast land. It was the largest structure being built at the time. </li></ul><ul><li>Tammany Hall was established as a political organization that helped poor immigrants to find jobs. Corrupt politicians were profiting off of government money and the news became very public. </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Nast from Harpers Weekly informed public (with cartoons) of corrupt politician Boss Tweed. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sunshine and Shadow <ul><li>1873- Panic starting The Great </li></ul><ul><li>Depression because of the </li></ul><ul><li>corrupt government and financial </li></ul><ul><li> system </li></ul><ul><li>John P. Morgan wanted to bring order to Wall Street by establishing “free market capitalism” </li></ul><ul><li>1882- J.P. Morgan sponsors electric lights to light the city and the completion of the Brooklyn bridge </li></ul>
  8. 8. A Merger that puts New York on Top <ul><li>AOL and Time Warner merge want to lead efforts in bringing back the cultural and economic influence New York had on the world. </li></ul><ul><li>American technology companies starting with the invention of electricity helped fuel the economy. </li></ul><ul><li>In the past, New York has struggled in maintaining it’s national metropolis status. </li></ul><ul><li>The west coast has given New York some competition in technological advances. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The City in the Land of the Dollar <ul><li>North American cities were described as random, scattered dwellings with no order, beauty, or mindfulness. </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago- shaped by the commercial and industrial expansion of the late 19 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>A new city was built in Chicago after a 1971 fire nearly destroyed all of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Electric trolleys, elevators, sky scrapers, and steel construction fueled the development of the city. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The City in the Land of the Dollar <ul><li>The “Loop” was considered the business district of Chicago and housing occupied the outside country land which eventually grew and became “city-like.” </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago was fast growing and attracted the people based on the promise of employment. </li></ul><ul><li>Parks within the city similar to central park were established. </li></ul><ul><li>The Columbian Exposition (Chicago’s world fair) tied in classic architecture with urban landscaping and art </li></ul>
  11. 11. The City in the Land of the Dollar <ul><li>Public parks and boulevards became places of leisure and recreation. </li></ul><ul><li>Some political groups wanted the cities expansion to grow outwards while other groups pushed for a vertical expansion (skyscrapers) which impressed the Europeans. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1919 and 1923 a building code height max was set at 200 feet. </li></ul>