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New York City: The Crossroad of World Trade Melissa Colwell  History 141
Episode 1:The Country and the City <ul><li>-Manhattan is the oldest and the most densely populated of the five boroughs of...
The Country and the City Cont... <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- The Country and the City, the Erie Canal made an immense co...
The Country and the City Cont... <ul><li>- Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755]  – July 12, 1804) was a Founding Father, ...
Episode 5: Cosmopolis <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco style skyscraper in New York City,...
Cosmopolis Cont... <ul><li>-The Empire State Building was designed by William F. Lamb from the architectural firm Shreve, ...
Cosmopolis Cont... <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-The building's opening coincided with the Great Depression in the United S...
A Merger that puts New York on Top  <ul><li>-Article is arguing the issue of America Online to buy Time Warner and whether...
The City in the land of the Dollar <ul><li>-During the last decade of the 19th century the fastest growing city in the U.S...
The City in the Land of the Dollar <ul><li>- The Columbian Exposition was a spectacular combination of naturalistic and fo...
The City in the Land of the Dollar <ul><li>- Civic beautification also produced the grand American railroad stations.The u...
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New york city_the_crossroad_of_world_trade

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New york city_the_crossroad_of_world_trade

  1. 1. New York City: The Crossroad of World Trade Melissa Colwell History 141
  2. 2. Episode 1:The Country and the City <ul><li>-Manhattan is the oldest and the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City. Located primarily on the island of Manhattan at the mouth of the Hudson River, the boundaries of the borough are identical to those of New York County, an original county of the state of New York. The borough and county consist of Manhattan Island and several small adjacent islands: Roosevelt Island, Randall's Island, Wards Island, Governors Island, Liberty Island, part of Ellis Island, Mill Rock, and U Thant Island; as well as Marble Hill, a very small area on the mainland bordering the Bronx </li></ul><ul><li>- New York grew as an economic center, first as a result of Alexander Hamilton's policies and practices as the first Secretary of the Treasury and, later, with the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, which connected the Atlantic port to the vast agricultural markets of the Midwestern United States and Canada </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Country and the City Cont... <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- The Country and the City, the Erie Canal made an immense contribution to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. Its impact went much further, increasing trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and by enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in some towns along its route after completion, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of the construction labor force. Earth extracted from the canal was transported to the New York City area and used as landfill in New York and New Jersey. A plaque honoring the canal's construction is located in Battery Park in southern Manhattan. </li></ul><ul><li>-Because so many immigrants traveled on the canal, many genealogists have sought copies of canal passenger lists. Apart from the years 1827–1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the government, which, in this case, was the State of New York. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Country and the City Cont... <ul><li>- Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755]  – July 12, 1804) was a Founding Father, soldier, economist, political philosopher, one of America's first constitutional lawyers and the first United States Secretary of the Treasury. As Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton was the primary author of the economic policies of the George Washington Administration, especially the funding of the state debts by the Federal government, the establishment of a national bank, a system of tariffs, and friendly trade relations with Britain. He became the leader of the Federalist Party, created largely in support of his views, and was opposed by the Democratic-Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison </li></ul><ul><li>-Born and raised in the West Indies, Hamilton came to North America for his education, sponsored by people from his community. He attended King's College . After the American Revolutionary War, Hamilton was elected to the Continental Congress from New York. He resigned to practice law and founded the Bank of New York </li></ul><ul><li>-Hamilton helped found the United States Mint; the first national bank; and an elaborate system of duties, tariffs, and excises. In five years, the complete Hamiltonian program replaced the chaotic financial system of the confederation era with a modern apparatus that gave the new government financial stability, and gave investors sufficient confidence to invest in government bonds </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Episode 5: Cosmopolis <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco style skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan in the Turtle Bay area at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. Standing at 1,047 feet (319 m), it was the world's tallest building for 11 months before it was surpassed by the Empire State Building in 1931 </li></ul><ul><li>-Construction commenced on September 19, 1928. In total, almost 400,000 rivets were used and approximately 3,826,000 bricks were manually laid, to create the non-loadbearing walls of the skyscraper </li></ul><ul><li>-Prior to its completion, the building stood about even with a rival project at 40 Wall Street, designed by H. Craig Severance. Severance increased the height of his project and then publicly claimed the title of the world's tallest building (this distinction excluded structures that were not fully habitable, such as the Eiffel Tower). In response, Van Alen obtained permission for a 38-meter (125 ft) long spire and had it secretly constructed inside the frame of the building </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cosmopolis Cont... <ul><li>-The Empire State Building was designed by William F. Lamb from the architectural firm Shreve, Lamb and Harmon </li></ul><ul><li>-Excavation of the site began on January 21, 1930, and construction on the building itself started symbolically on March 17—St. Patrick's Day—per Al Smith's influence as Empire State, Inc. president. The project involved 3,400 workers, mostly immigrants from Europe, along with hundreds of Mohawk iron workers, many from the Kahnawake reserve near Montreal. According to official accounts, six workers died during the construction </li></ul><ul><li>-The construction was part of an intense competition in New York for the title of &quot;world's tallest building&quot;. Two other projects fighting for the title, 40 Wall Street and the Chrysler Building, were still under construction when work began on the Empire State Building. Each held the title for less than a year, as the Empire State Building surpassed them upon its completion, just 410 days after construction commenced </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cosmopolis Cont... <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-The building's opening coincided with the Great Depression in the United States, and as a result much of its office space went without being rented. The building's vacancy was exacerbated by its poor location on 34th Street, which placed it relatively far from public transportation, as Grand Central Terminal, the Port Authority Bus Terminal, and Penn Station are all several blocks away </li></ul><ul><li>-The lack of renters led New Yorkers to deride the building as the &quot;Empty State Building&quot; </li></ul>
  8. 8. A Merger that puts New York on Top  <ul><li>-Article is arguing the issue of America Online to buy Time Warner and whether New York will dominate the new American Global Information Economy. </li></ul><ul><li>-The success of this merging will depend on the West Coast and how they respond to this challenge. </li></ul><ul><li>-New York has always had two advantages, </li></ul><ul><li>the location of the port and it's growing </li></ul><ul><li>capital markets. </li></ul><ul><li>- New York uses it's advantages to ensure it is in a </li></ul><ul><li>position to dominate that economy. </li></ul><ul><li>     - An example is the building of the Erie Canal and </li></ul><ul><li>     it's &quot;Triangle Trade&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-One of New York's most remarkable qualities has </li></ul><ul><li>been it's ability to capture economic gains from </li></ul><ul><li>commercial developments that began in other </li></ul><ul><li>regions. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  9. 9. The City in the land of the Dollar <ul><li>-During the last decade of the 19th century the fastest growing city in the U.S. was Chicago. </li></ul><ul><li>-For many ways American Urbanization started here. The skyscraper was invented and given it's definitive archetectural form. </li></ul><ul><li>-After the Chicago fire, the city rebuilt itself. </li></ul><ul><li>-In 1878, New Haven introduced the country's first telephone switchboard, Thomas Edison invented the electric lamp in 1879, and in 1881 they had cablecars. </li></ul><ul><li>                                                                     - Public transportation was an inexpensive </li></ul><ul><li>                                                         way to transport the workers in and out of </li></ul><ul><li>                                                         the downtown area. </li></ul><ul><li>                                                         -Downtown was the centralized area where </li></ul><ul><li>                                                         people worked, shopped and played. </li></ul><ul><li>                                                             -the people lived on the outskirts of town </li></ul>
  10. 10. The City in the Land of the Dollar <ul><li>- The Columbian Exposition was a spectacular combination of naturalistic and formal landscaping combined with grand public buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>-Only seven miles from the loop's undisciplined commercial downtown choked with traffic, they could walk around enjoying water pools, the lake view, landscaping, and public </li></ul><ul><li>art. It was like going to Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>-The implication was there: our </li></ul><ul><li>cities could be like that... </li></ul><ul><li>-Beginning in 1901, McKim and the </li></ul><ul><li>members of teh Senate Park </li></ul><ul><li>Commission produced a master </li></ul><ul><li>plan for Washington that realigned </li></ul><ul><li>the mall and new placement of the </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln and Jefferson Memorials. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The City in the Land of the Dollar <ul><li>- Civic beautification also produced the grand American railroad stations.The urban railroad terminal was peculiarly characteristic building of the first quarter of the century when railroads were the primary means of transportation </li></ul><ul><li>-Central terminals  served as a vital role in the life of cities and were used by both long-distance travelers and commuters </li></ul><ul><li>                                              - Commercial towers were symbols of the </li></ul><ul><li>                                             entrepreneurial American city. The tall </li></ul><ul><li>                                             office building not only made money for its </li></ul><ul><li>                                             corporate owner, but also celebrated and </li></ul><ul><li>                                             symbolized the making of money. </li></ul>

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