Assignment 3


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Assignment 3

  1. 1. American Urbanization & New York City<br />By: David Fry<br />
  2. 2. The Country & The City<br />In 1624 a Dutch boat landed in Manhattan, which they called New Amsterdam. Dutch East India Company was also started there.<br />In 1626 ship carrying the first African slaves arrived. <br />The Dutch settled in New Amsterdam mainly to hunt beavers and sell their hides.<br />
  3. 3. The Country & The City<br />Dutch introduced a tax for local Indians, which started a one-year war which changed the Dutch because it changed morale. Many people were alcoholics. Peter Stivenson was brought to New Amsterdam to turn the city around, and he did.<br />Stivenson brought anyone into the city that wanted to work, which eventually the Dutch had become the minority.<br />
  4. 4. The Country & The City<br />In 1775 the revolution started between the English and the colonies that settled in this new world. In 1776 George Washington took his untrained troops to New York City, fearing that it would play a pivotal role in the war. More than 100 English warships were in the harbor.<br />The Declaration of Independence was read aloud on July 9, 1776. British surrendered to American Colonies in 1783. <br />
  5. 5. City of Tomorrow<br />A third of the nation’s workforce was unemployed during the Great Depression. Many people were evicted from their homes, and sought shelter anywhere they could along the river and in Central Park nicknamed Hooversville. <br />
  6. 6. City of Tomorrow<br />Jimmy Walker was the mayor of New York City who was corrupt and took much of the relief money intended for the public who was affected by the depression. Walker pocketed almost $1 million, Roosevelt gave him the choice to step down from office or being fired. Walker chose to resign.<br />
  7. 7. City of Tomorrow<br />In 1933 Fiorello H. La Guradia become the mayor of New York City, he promised to stop the corruption in the city government. He got rid of slot machines and guns in the city. Franklin Roosevelt went to Washington and brought the ideas to government that the government needs to do things like New York, and reform many things in government and government spending. The New Deal brought government money into the economy to help people during the depression.<br />
  8. 8. A Merger That Puts New York On Top<br />The key to the city’s success was its leaders’ ability to envision the future of the national economy and develop strategies to use New York’s advantages to ensure it was in a position to dominate that economy. Many inventions such as the telephone, motion pictures, wireless radio and television solidified New York’s economic domination.<br />
  9. 9. The City in The Land of The Dollar<br />Chicago was the fastest growing city in the United States during the last decade of the 19th century. This is where the skyscraper was invented and given its architectural form, this is where the American commercial downtown was from, and this is where the problem of urban design was a topic for discussion. Chicago was formed by the great commercial and industrial expansion of the late 19th century.<br />
  10. 10. The City in The Land of The Dollar<br />Electric trolley cars and railroads allowed the city to expand. Urban buildings were four to six stories due to having to use stairs, but with the introduction of the elevator buildings could be made as tall as engineering would allow. Steel-frame construction was pioneered in Chicago, where it was first used in 1884. <br />
  11. 11. The City in The Land of The Dollar<br />What attracted people to Chicago was the promise of employment in the stores, offices, factories, warehouses, slaughterhouses, breweries, and railroad yards that filled the city. Chicago wanted a central park like New York and other cities around the world, so they created a green refuge for the city.<br />