California: “ A History” Victoria Herrera History 141 Online
Chapter 1 Queen Calafia’s Island Place and First People <ul><li>Garci Ordonez de Montalvo </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote a sequel...
Chapter 1 Queen Calafia’s Island Place and First People <ul><li>California </li></ul><ul><li>California faces the Pacific ...
Chapter 1 Queen Calafia’s Island Place and First People <ul><li>Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Around 1492 one third o...
Chapter 3 A Troubled Territory Mexican California   <ul><li>Californios </li></ul><ul><li>Californios wanted self-governme...
Chapter 3 A Troubled Territory Mexican California <ul><li>Mission Culture </li></ul><ul><li>In 1824 Native Americans seize...
Chapter 3 A Troubled Territory Mexican California <ul><li>Brevet Brigadier Jose Figueroa </li></ul><ul><li>A distinguished...
Chapter 5 Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution Achievement and Turmoil in the New State <ul><li>Point San Quentin prison <...
Chapter 5 Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution Achievement and Turmoil in the New State <ul><li>Development of California ...
Chapter 5 Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution Achievement and Turmoil in the New State <ul><li>Transcontinental Railroad ...
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California

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California

  1. 1. California: “ A History” Victoria Herrera History 141 Online
  2. 2. Chapter 1 Queen Calafia’s Island Place and First People <ul><li>Garci Ordonez de Montalvo </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote a sequel called The Deeds of Esplandian, it is a Portuguese narrative derived from French sources </li></ul><ul><li>According to Montalvo, California was, “an island on the right hand of the Indies…very close to the side of the Terrestrial Paradise” </li></ul><ul><li>Montalvo’s two tales were instant bestsellers and were so for most of the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish in general had a tendency to believe fiction, so many Spanish thought Montalvo’s stories to be true </li></ul><ul><li>California was named after a fictitious island in one of Montalvo’s books </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter 1 Queen Calafia’s Island Place and First People <ul><li>California </li></ul><ul><li>California faces the Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>California rests on two tectonic plates </li></ul><ul><li>The state formed as a result from a collision of the North American and Pacific plates </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco Bay is among the two finest natural harbors on the planet </li></ul><ul><li>41 California mountains rise to more than 10,000 feet </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 1 Queen Calafia’s Island Place and First People <ul><li>Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Around 1492 one third of Native Americans lived in California </li></ul><ul><li>The Native Americans in California belonged to 22 linguistic families, 135 separate languages </li></ul><ul><li>There was no need to make war between the different tribes because there was enough land and food for everyone </li></ul><ul><li>With no need to make war there was no need to develop hierarchies </li></ul><ul><li>As Europe came to California they invaded their land, wiped out their food supply, uprooted their culture, and decimated their numbers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chapter 3 A Troubled Territory Mexican California <ul><li>Californios </li></ul><ul><li>Californios wanted self-government or merely to be left alone on their ranchos </li></ul><ul><li>The policies they practiced among themselves were less than encouraging </li></ul><ul><li>Californios led by Juan Alvarado proclaimed California a free and sovereign state </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico responded to the rebellion by upgrading California from a territory to a department, the next ten years Californios enjoyed a high degree of freedom </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 3 A Troubled Territory Mexican California <ul><li>Mission Culture </li></ul><ul><li>In 1824 Native Americans seized control of 3 missions </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico was growing weary of the mission system which had a republican system of government </li></ul><ul><li>In 1833 the Mexican congress demanded that all missions be secularized and their lands distributed to Hispanicized Indians and new colonists </li></ul><ul><li>Valentin Gomez Farias created a colonization scheme </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chapter 3 A Troubled Territory Mexican California <ul><li>Brevet Brigadier Jose Figueroa </li></ul><ul><li>A distinguished soldier and civil administrator </li></ul><ul><li>He was considered by historians to have been the most competent governor during the Mexican era </li></ul><ul><li>After Figueroa died the secularization process he had outlined in his manifesto, with his fair-mindedness and strict accountability, was ignored </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chapter 5 Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution Achievement and Turmoil in the New State <ul><li>Point San Quentin prison </li></ul><ul><li>Reuben Clark was chosen to design the structure </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison Estell had hoped to make a profit from convict labor </li></ul><ul><li>Estell’s management style was extremely cruel or extremely lenient </li></ul><ul><li>Politically connected prisoners were treated with deference and privilege </li></ul><ul><li>In 1855 Estell’s contract was canceled and a state appointed warden assumed responsibility for the prison </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chapter 5 Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution Achievement and Turmoil in the New State <ul><li>Development of California </li></ul><ul><li>Mining for gold and silver stimulated and paced the foundation and the first growth of California </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture was destined to dominate the next sequence of development </li></ul><ul><li>Viticulture together with fruit and vegetable production helped development </li></ul><ul><li>The gold rush revitalized the rancho economy of Southern California </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chapter 5 Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution Achievement and Turmoil in the New State <ul><li>Transcontinental Railroad </li></ul><ul><li>California wanted to build a railroad from Sacramento crossing the Sierra Nevada </li></ul><ul><li>Not many men from California were willing to do such difficult labor for the pay being given </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese workers would achieve an epic of construction second only to the Great Wall of China </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese earned the right to live and work the Golden State </li></ul>

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