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This presentation was made with grade 8 (2nd form) students in mind. It may assist older students to some extent, but was specifically designed for lower school students.

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  1. 1. MIGRATION Prepared by Mr. Gooden
  2. 2. What is migration? <ul><li>Migration is the permanent </li></ul><ul><li>movement of persons from one </li></ul><ul><li>geographical location or region </li></ul><ul><li>to another. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>These Jamaican coins have two </li></ul><ul><li>sides, heads and tails. Together </li></ul><ul><li>they make up the whole coin. So </li></ul><ul><li>is it with MIGRATION . There are </li></ul><ul><li>two sides, EMIGRATION and </li></ul><ul><li>IMMIGRATION . Together they </li></ul><ul><li>make up migration. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is emigration? <ul><li>This is when persons leave their place of residence (their homes or country) and move to another for a number of reasons. </li></ul>Good bye Jamaica
  5. 5. What is emigration? <ul><li>This is when persons leave their place of residence (their homes or country) and move to another for a number of reasons. </li></ul>Welcome to America
  6. 6. <ul><li>When some one leaves his country to go to another </li></ul><ul><li>we call that overseas or international migration. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Jamaica, like everywhere else, suffers from migration.
  8. 8. When people move from place to place within a country, we call that internal migration
  9. 9. When people leave rural areas (country-sides) to go to urban areas (towns and cities), we call that rural to urban migration.
  10. 11. Push and Pull Factors Push factors – things that cause persons to leave their residences. Pull factors – things that cause persons to come into new areas.
  11. 12. Push Factors Here are some of the reasons that “push” people away from home.
  12. 13. <ul><li>War </li></ul><ul><li>Crime and violence </li></ul><ul><li>Poor educational opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Limited or no jobs </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Lack of basic infrastructure – housing, water, light, roads etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Low wages/salaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited or no recreational facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of technologies. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Availability of jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Technological advancements </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of recreational facilities </li></ul><ul><li>High wages </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Political stability </li></ul><ul><li>Low crime rate </li></ul><ul><li>Proper infrastructure – roads, telephone/internet, housing, electricity etc. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Net Migration – What is it?
  17. 18. <ul><li>Net Migration - refers to the difference between the number of immigrants and emigrants in a country in a particular year. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Let us further explore the concept of Net Migration!! <ul><li>In a country where there are more immigrants than emigrants, the net migration will be described as being positive, In contrast, if a country has more people leaving than those coming in the country, then the net migration of the country will be negative. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Calculating net migration <ul><li>Work this!!   </li></ul><ul><li>Example 1. </li></ul><ul><li>In St.Vincent, 3500 persons entered the country to settle and 2200 of the residents migrated to settle in the neighbouring country of St. Lucia. Calculate the net migration and state whether or not it is positive or negative. </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Answer:   </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrant ( 3500) -  emmigrant (2200)  =  Net Migration (1300) </li></ul><ul><li>St. Vincent is experiencing a positive net migration which suggests that the country's population is increasing. </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Example 2. </li></ul><ul><li>It was reported that a whopping 12,000 persons emigrated from Anguilla to settle in Trinidad and Tobago during the course of last year. During that same year, the country of Anguilla accommodated 7,200 persons who came to settle. Calculate the net migration. </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Calculation :   </li></ul><ul><li>What can we say about the net migration of this country? </li></ul>