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Hindu mythology

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  • 1. Week 12 ENG 107 / CC ENG 2Hindu Mythology
  • 2. Background:• Hindu mythology datesback to as early as7200 BC.• This is the time whenthe first hymns of theRig Veda wascomposed.
  • 3. Rig Veda• an anthology of 1028 hymns tovarious gods• Began as a celebration ofnatural elements such asAir, Water and Fire• Converted into the worship ofcosmic elements• Formed the triad of the earlyVEDIC gods
  • 4. VEDICGODS(cosmic trinity)
  • 5. AGNI (Fire)• Vital spark in theearth, lightning in thesky, and SURYA, the sun• He is the sap in theplants, which is carrieddown to them by the rain.• Has 7 tongues, each ofwhich has a separatename and in being usedfor licking up butteroffered in sacrifices
  • 6. VAYU (Wind)• He drives his horsesfuriously.• God of the wind, rapidmotion and the Father offleet-footed• Father of Hanuman• Generally associated withIndra• Other names are Pavana,Gandha-Vaha and Satata-ga
  • 7. SURYA (Center of theSpheres)• Other name isSavitri (brilliance)• Married to Sanjanaand Chhaya• Abode is calledSuryaloka
  • 8. puranICGODS(hindu trinity OR TRIMURTI)
  • 9. BRAHMA (CREATOR)• Born of the goldenegg, Hiranyagarbha• Also said to have sprung fromVishnu’s navel, on a lotus• He is the uncreated creator(Svayambhu)• Lord of scholarship• 4 Vedas came from his mouth• From his body, came the 4castes of the Hindus: Brahmans(priests) – mouth, Kshatriyas(soldiers) – arms, Vaishyas(traders) – thigh, Sudras (menialworkers) - feet
  • 10. VISHNU (PRESERVER)• The Preserver• Vehicle: garuda (bird)• has 4 arms, a blueishcomplexion, and rests on asnake• was incarnated (born as ananimal or human) nine timeswith one more still to come• is the main godof Vaishnavism
  • 11. SHIVA (DESTROYER)• The Destroyer / Transformer• Vehicle: bull• has matted hair, a third eye, ablue throat and a trident in hishand• often worshipped in thefeatureless lingam form• is the main god of Saivism
  • 12. FEMALEASPECTS(hindu trinity OR TRIMURTI)
  • 13. SARASWATI• Goddess of knowledge,music, and the arts• Vehicle: swan• wife of Brahma• sits on a white lotus playing aveena
  • 14. LAKSHMI• Goddess of wealth andprosperity• Vehicle: owl• wife of Vishnu• usually shown bestowing coinsand flanked by elephants
  • 15. PARVATI• The Divine Mother• Vehicle: lion• the reincarnation of Shivasfirst wife• has many forms, such as thepopular Durga and Kali (seebelow); often shown togetherwith Saraswati and Lakshmi asthe tridevi (triple goddess)
  • 16. OTHERPOPULARGODS
  • 17. GANESH• God of the intellectand the remover ofobstacles• Vehicle: mouse• son of Shiva & Parvati• has an elephants head
  • 18. MURUGAN• God of war• Vehicle: peacock• son of Shiva & Parvati• popular in Tamil areas• also known as Skanda
  • 19. DURGA• A fiercer form ofParvati• Vehicle: tiger• has ten armsholding manyweapons
  • 20. KALI• Goddess oftime and death• Vehicle: donkey• usuallyportrayed asdark and violent
  • 21. RAMA• The 7th avatar(incarnation) ofVishnu• the central figurein the epicstoryRamayana
  • 22. RAMA• The 7th avatar(incarnation) ofVishnu• the central figurein the epic storyRamayana
  • 23. KRISHNA• The 8th avatar(incarnation) ofVishnu• usually portrayedas a child and aprankster; oftenshown playing theflute
  • 24. HANUMAN• an ape-like godknown forassisting Rama
  • 25. References:• http://www.usefulcharts.com/religion/main-hindu-gods-chart.html• http://www.webonautics.com/mythology/