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Hinduism One God Many Forms

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Hinduism One God Many Forms

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Hinduism One God Many Forms

  1. 1. HINDUISM: ONE GOD, MANY FORMS Presented by the Hindu Students Council
  2. 2. Hindu Prayer before Eating <ul><li>Brahmaarpanam Brahma Havihi </li></ul><ul><li>Brahmaagnau Brahmanaa Hutam </li></ul><ul><li>Brahmaiva Tena Gantavyam </li></ul><ul><li>Brahma Karma Samaadhinaam </li></ul>
  3. 3. Brief History of Hinduism <ul><li>Most ancient religion in the world today </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the timeless spiritual vision and revealed knowledge of the sacred Vedas </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as Sanātana Dharma and Vaidika Dharma </li></ul><ul><li>Now the third largest religion in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal is the only nation with Hinduism as its state religion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Basic Beliefs <ul><li>Various religions of man are different paths to the one God Essential Concepts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dharma (individual ethics duties and obligations), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samsara (reincarnation/rebirth)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Karma (actions leading to a cause and effect relationship; selfless action)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moksha (salvation of every soul through a variety of paths)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bhakti (devotion; belief in God)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jnana (enlightenment, knowledge)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Importance of Om (Aum)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Deities are all manifestations of the ONE SUPREME monistic Brahman </li></ul>
  5. 5. A Monotheistic Religion <ul><li>Often misconceived to be a polytheistic religion </li></ul><ul><li>However, fundamental is the belief in a singular, Universal Soul that is the ultimate divine Reality </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Reality is One, the wise ones refer to It variously (by various terms).” </li></ul><ul><li>He has various names that all refer to the same Being </li></ul><ul><li>Different forms can be considered different paths to suit different types of people </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why so many forms? <ul><li>Varied expressions of the glory, power, grandeur and a mysterious divine nature of the Supreme Being. </li></ul><ul><li>While fulfilling a certain cosmic function, the Supreme Being becomes referred to by a specific name. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain deities were personified with features that symbolized various aspects of the Divine nature. </li></ul><ul><li>These manifest forms are thus a great help in enabling one to dwell upon God in a tangible manner. </li></ul><ul><li>The Water Analogy: one substance that takes on different forms to fulfill different functions. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ganesha: Remover of Obstacles <ul><li>'Ga' symbolizes Buddhi (intellect) and 'Na' symbolizes Vijnana (wisdom). </li></ul><ul><li>Considered the master of intellect and wisdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides prosperity and fortune. </li></ul><ul><li>His grace is invoked before the undertaking of any task </li></ul>
  8. 8. Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva <ul><li>Trimurti are three aspects of God, as Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva </li></ul><ul><li>Brahma - the Source/Creator/ G enerator </li></ul><ul><li>Vishnu - the Preserver/Indwelling-Life/ O perator </li></ul><ul><li>Shiva - the Transformer/ D estroyer-Creator </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to interpretations of the Trinity in Christianity </li></ul>
  9. 9. Krishna <ul><li>Eighth avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu </li></ul><ul><li>Known for His pastoral childhood as well as His youth and life as a heroic warrior and teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Hindu religions that originated in India have their own versions of Him. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Lakshmi: Goddess of Wealth <ul><li>Goddess of wealth, light, wisdom and fortune, as well as luck, beauty, and fertility. </li></ul><ul><li>Representations are also found in Jain and Buddhist monuments. </li></ul><ul><li>Also considered the Mother of the Universe and Vishnu's Shakti (strength) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Saraswati: Goddess of Knowledge <ul><li>First goddess worshipped in the Hindu religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of Knowledge and music, arts, and speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Also Goddess of thoughts of truth and forgiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Originated as a river goddess. Her name is Sanskrit for &quot;she who has lakes or pools.&quot; </li></ul>
  12. 12. References <ul><li>Pictures from wikipedia.org and Google Images. </li></ul>“ Man is made by his belief. As he believes, so he is.” -The Gita

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