Climate Changes and Impacts:   Possible Scenario up to 2100   Krešo Pandžić Meteorological and Hydrological Service, CROATIA
Content 1 Climate and climate system 2 Paleoclimate 3 Recent  global warming 4 Precipitation amount trend 5 Snow and  ice ...
1. Climate and Climate  System <ul><li>Climate is collective weather  </li></ul><ul><li>Climate system :  </li></ul><ul><l...
 
Lithosphere and Biosphere Hydrosphere
CRIOSPHERE
GREENHOUSE EFFECT
-  Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 )   -  the burning of the fossil fuels -  Kyoto Protocol -  UN Climate Convention - EU Directives ...
RADIATIVE FORCING
2. Paleoclimate
Earth's Orbital Changes
Paleoclimate cycles
The Last Interglacial and the Arctic
The Last 1000 Years
3. Recent Global Warming
Recent Global Warming
 
 
 
3. Precipitation Amount Trend
 
 
Palmer’s Drought Severity Index
5. Snow and Ice Cover
March-April NH Snow Covering Area
CHANGE IN SEA ICE EXTENT Arctic Antarctic
ARCTIC Summer 1983 Summer 2003
6. Processes in the Oceans
PROCESSES IN THE OCEAN
Global sea surface  anomalies - El Nino
 
7. Climate Extremes
Cold Extreme Decrease
Warm Extreme Increase
Extreme Hot Summer 2003 in Central Europe
Extreme Warm Summer 2003 in Croatia
Extreme Warm Winter 2006/2007 in Croatia
Number of Very Wet Day Increase
Sahel Recent Drought
 
8. Global Climate Scenario
Comprehensive Climate Models
CO  2 Temperature
GLOBAL WARMING PROJECTION
Decade Temperature Projection
REGIONAL TEMPERATURE PRPJECTION
European Temperature Projection
EUROPEAN PRECIPITATION PROJECTION
Frost Days Heat Waves Growing Season
 
Precipitation Intensity Dry Days
MORE HOT WEATHER
Sea Level Rise
Sea Level Rise
CO  2  Concentration Scenarios
8. Conclusion - Climate has been changed in the past in long time-scale (1000 years) - Recent global warming on a very sho...
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Milankovic climate-dalj-pandzic-2009

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Milankovic climate Dalj Pandzic 2009

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Milankovic climate-dalj-pandzic-2009

  1. 1. Climate Changes and Impacts: Possible Scenario up to 2100 Krešo Pandžić Meteorological and Hydrological Service, CROATIA
  2. 2. Content 1 Climate and climate system 2 Paleoclimate 3 Recent global warming 4 Precipitation amount trend 5 Snow and ice cover 6 Processes in the oceans 7 Climate extreme 8 Global climate scenario 9 Conclusion
  3. 3. 1. Climate and Climate System <ul><li>Climate is collective weather </li></ul><ul><li>Climate system : </li></ul><ul><li>atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, cryosphere, biosphere, radiation </li></ul>
  4. 5. Lithosphere and Biosphere Hydrosphere
  5. 6. CRIOSPHERE
  6. 7. GREENHOUSE EFFECT
  7. 8. - Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) - the burning of the fossil fuels - Kyoto Protocol - UN Climate Convention - EU Directives - IPCC Recommendations
  8. 9. RADIATIVE FORCING
  9. 10. 2. Paleoclimate
  10. 11. Earth's Orbital Changes
  11. 12. Paleoclimate cycles
  12. 13. The Last Interglacial and the Arctic
  13. 14. The Last 1000 Years
  14. 15. 3. Recent Global Warming
  15. 16. Recent Global Warming
  16. 20. 3. Precipitation Amount Trend
  17. 23. Palmer’s Drought Severity Index
  18. 24. 5. Snow and Ice Cover
  19. 25. March-April NH Snow Covering Area
  20. 26. CHANGE IN SEA ICE EXTENT Arctic Antarctic
  21. 27. ARCTIC Summer 1983 Summer 2003
  22. 28. 6. Processes in the Oceans
  23. 29. PROCESSES IN THE OCEAN
  24. 30. Global sea surface anomalies - El Nino
  25. 32. 7. Climate Extremes
  26. 33. Cold Extreme Decrease
  27. 34. Warm Extreme Increase
  28. 35. Extreme Hot Summer 2003 in Central Europe
  29. 36. Extreme Warm Summer 2003 in Croatia
  30. 37. Extreme Warm Winter 2006/2007 in Croatia
  31. 38. Number of Very Wet Day Increase
  32. 39. Sahel Recent Drought
  33. 41. 8. Global Climate Scenario
  34. 42. Comprehensive Climate Models
  35. 43. CO 2 Temperature
  36. 44. GLOBAL WARMING PROJECTION
  37. 45. Decade Temperature Projection
  38. 46. REGIONAL TEMPERATURE PRPJECTION
  39. 47. European Temperature Projection
  40. 48. EUROPEAN PRECIPITATION PROJECTION
  41. 49. Frost Days Heat Waves Growing Season
  42. 51. Precipitation Intensity Dry Days
  43. 52. MORE HOT WEATHER
  44. 53. Sea Level Rise
  45. 54. Sea Level Rise
  46. 55. CO 2 Concentration Scenarios
  47. 56. 8. Conclusion - Climate has been changed in the past in long time-scale (1000 years) - Recent global warming on a very short i.e. decade scale (10 to 100 years) - very probably (90 %) caused by man - some measure to limit CO 2 emission - Kyoto Protocol, UN Climate Convention, - IPCC - Political decisions are very important - Role of National Meteorological Service - Agencies for Environmental Protection - education of young people
  48. 57. THANK YOU

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