The Middle East- Introduction

402 views
273 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
402
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
7
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Middle East- Introduction

  1. 1. The Middle East Pages 107- 108
  2. 2. Middle Eastern Territory (today)O Saudi Arabia O YemenO Egypt O OmanO Lebanon O United Arab EmiratesO Israel O QatarO Jordan O Bahrain SudanO Iraq O TurkeyO IranO Kuwait
  3. 3. Historical ImportanceO birthplace of Christianity and JudaismO Modern English alphabet and numbering system originO a world crossroad: ancient/modern trade routesO Countless conflicts: Romans conquered ME, Crusades, recent and current conflicts over control of ME oil
  4. 4. GeographyO Large territory (Saudi Arabia 2x BC)O many different land forms: desert plateaus, mountainous regions, coastlinesO Much of the Middle East is dry and desert- likeO Average July temperature= 30 degrees CO Average winter temperature= 16 degrees C
  5. 5. Geography (continued)O Oases important settlement areasO crops: oranges, dates, figs, olives, wheat, other grains, and vegetablesO Geography has an important effect on history O All major towns/cities located near water O Impacted trade and spread of religion O Islam quickly spread across great distances
  6. 6. The ArabsO ArabiaO Semitic peopleO 1000 B.C.E onward O Lived as Bedouin or in villages/towns around oases/other water sourceO trade was important for both groups- crossroads of two international trade routesO Camel domestication- caravans carried expensive goods across the desert
  7. 7. The Arabs (continued)O town and desert people belonged to clans O desert (Bedouin) clans led by chiefs who prided themselves in their generosity, bravery, fighting ability O towns- gave people an identity and connections, protected and supported each other, clan chiefs ran governments

×