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History Of The Middle East

Brief History of the middle east

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History Of The Middle East

  1. 1. A (very) Brief History of the Middle East
  2. 2. The Silk Road
  3. 3. The Silk Road <ul><li>All major trade routes go through the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Whoever controls the region charges fees on everything that travels through. </li></ul><ul><li>Huge amounts of wealth flow into the Middle East through trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Most valuable items include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spices </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Roman Empire (0 CE)
  5. 5. The Roman Empire (0 CE) <ul><li>Romans rule the modern Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Middle East was by far the richest part of the Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>More than 2/3 of the population of the Roman Empire lived in the East </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Rise of Islam (634 CE)
  7. 7. The Rise of Islam (634 CE) <ul><li>Arabs conquer the Middle East from the Roman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Islam replaces Christianity as the dominant religion. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Arab Empire (634-1258)
  9. 9. The Arab Empire (634-1258) <ul><li>Arab Muslims build a huge empire by controlling Mideast trade </li></ul><ul><li>Christians from Europe now must pay Muslim traders to buy goods from Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Europe is a poor continent – Middle East is the center of learning and civilization. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rise of the Ottomans (1258- 1500 CE)
  11. 11. The Ottoman Empire Grows (1258-1500 CE) <ul><li>Ottoman Turks conquer the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions rise between Muslim Ottomans and Christians in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Christians don’t want to pay fees on goods brought in from Asia </li></ul>
  12. 12. Portugal’s Bright Idea (1500 CE)
  13. 13. New Trade Routes (1500 CE) <ul><li>Portuguese are first to map a new trade route around the horn of Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>British, French, Dutch, Germans all build empires around trade routes. </li></ul><ul><li>European merchants don’t have to pay Ottoman fees if they go around the Middle East </li></ul>
  14. 14. European Empires Expand
  15. 15. European Empires Expand
  16. 16. European Empires Expand
  17. 17. European Empires Expand
  18. 18. European Empires Expand
  19. 19. European Empires Expand
  20. 20. European Empires Expand (1500-1900 CE) <ul><li>Major trade routes no longer run through the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Middle East becomes very poor as European Empires control world trade routes </li></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire shrinks and is bankrupt by 1900 CE </li></ul><ul><li>The Middle East is a poor region that no one cares much about. But then… </li></ul>
  21. 21. Oil is Discovered <ul><li>Vast majority of the world’s oil reserves are found in the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery of Oil brings new money into the region </li></ul><ul><li>Some Mideast countries become rich overnight, others are still very poor. </li></ul>
  22. 22. And then Came Oil (1900-present)