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Middle East PPT


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The Middle East is a region that roughly encompasses a majority of Western Asia (excluding the Caucasus) and Egypt. The term "Middle East" may have originated in the 1850s in the British India Office.

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Middle East PPT

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  The term ‘Middle East’ may have originated in the 1850s in the British India Office.  The Middle East is a region that roughly encompasses a majority of Western Asia and Egypt.  It is the birthplace and spiritual center of many religions and earliest civilizations.  Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Manichaeism, Yezidi, Druze, Yarsan and Mandeanism, Mithraism, Zoroastri anism, Manicheanism, and the Bahá'í Faith.  Mesopotamia (Sumer, Akkad, Assyria and Babylonia) and ancient Egypt were originated in this region.  The region is well known for its oil reserves.
  4. 4. DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNIC GROUPS  The Middle East is today home to numerous long established ethnic groups.  Including; Arabs, Turks, Persians, Jews, Kurds, Somalis, Assyrians (Chaldo-Assyrians), Arameans- Syriacs, Egyptian Copts, Armenians, Azeris, Maltese, Circassians, Greeks, Turcomans, Shabaks, Yazidis, Mandeans, Georgians, Roma, Gagauz, Mhallami and Samaritans. RELIGIONS  Islam in its many forms is by far the largest religion (about 99%).  Christianity and Judaism are also represented.
  5. 5. DEMOGRAPHICS LANGUAGES  The five top languages, in terms of numbers of speakers, are Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Berber, and Kurdish.  Arabic (with all its dialects) is the most widely spoken and/or written language.  Persian is the second most spoken language.  English is commonly taught and used as a second language, especially among the middle and upper classes
  6. 6. CLIMATE  Mild, wet winters with hot dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer  Temperatures can soar upto 40°C  Only light showers of rain
  7. 7. CUISINE  The cuisine of the region is diverse while having a degree of homogeneity.  Some commonly used ingredients include olives and olive oil, pitas, honey, sesame seeds, dates, sumac, chickpeas, mint and parsley.  Some popular dishes include Hummus, Manakeesh, Grilled halloumi,
  8. 8. CLOTHING Jordan lady in typical clothes
  9. 9. FAMILY ROLE AND NAMES FAMILY ROLE  Family is the most important unit of their social system and defines social relations.  The individual is always subordinate to the family.  Family is seen as a person’s ultimate refuge and support system.  Children are taught profound respect for adults. NAMES AND TITLES  The use of titles in important due to the hierarchical nature of the society.  When introduced to someone, try to call them by their professional, or academic title and their surname.
  10. 10. HISTORIC PLACES TOVISIT  Petra, Jordan  Giza Plateau, Cairo, Egypt  Temple Complex of Karnak, Luxor, Egypt  Baalbek, Lebanon  The Old City, Jerusalem, Israel  Hagia Sophia, Istanbul,Turkey  Ephesus,Turkey  The Egyptian Museum TheTemple of Karnak
  11. 11. ECONOMY  Middle Eastern economies range from being very poor (such as Gaza andYemen) to extremely wealthy nations (such as Qatar, UAE and Saudi Arabia)  Overall all nations in the Middle East are maintaining a positive rate of growth  Some nations are heavily dependent on export of only oil and oil-related products (such as Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Kuwait)  Others have a highly diverse economic base (such as Cyprus, Israel,Turkey and Egypt).
  12. 12. ‫شكرا‬