Mineral ResourcesMining= strips natural vegetation, rock, soil- Left abandoned and pollutants dumped into environment
Agricultural• Creating farmland= destroying natural habitats• Maintaining farmland= irrigation and fertilization• Farmland Salination= farmlands turn to wastelands• Practices: – Chemicals: pesticides and herbicides – Genetically Modified Foods (in Canada: corn, canola, soybeans, squash, potatoes)
PesticidesPesticides= poison to kill insectsHerbicides= poison to kill unwanted plants- Kill harmless insects- Harm farmworks- Seep into nearby streams***phase-out in Canada
Deforestation-fewer trees= more carbon & poorer air qualityBrazilian Rainforest Case StudyRainforest exploitation= farming, cattle ranching, mining, lumbering- Subsistence farming= farmers given rainforest to develop unsuccessfulDeforestation= dry, arid wastelands- flooding, clogged reservoirs
DeforestationCanada’s Forests¼ of world’s temperate, deciduous coastal forest1/3 of the world’s boreal coniferous forestAlmost all of the world’s old growth pine- Forest fires, industrial development, loggingEnvironmental stewardship= effective management of resources, sustainable practices
Government Response• governments helping to clean-up and protect environment• Canada- national, provincial, regional lawsSO WHAT??