Disaster Management Systems: Building Capacity for Developing Countries and the Most Vulnerable Among Us


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These are the slides for the talk to accompany the paper presented at TIEMS USA 2014..

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Disaster Management Systems: Building Capacity for Developing Countries and the Most Vulnerable Among Us

  1. 1. Disaster Management Systems Building Capacity for Developing Countries and the Most Vulnerable Among Us by Connie White University of Southern MS, USA TIEMS USA Hattiesburg, MS 2014
  2. 2. Information and Communication Disaster Management Capacity Building Developing
  3. 3. Leveling the Playing Field Internet Penetration Mobile Devices Social Media
  4. 4. Taking humanitarians & organizations online Supporting virtual communities Disseminating Information 2 Way Communication Media Rich Social Media's Impact
  5. 5. http://worlddisastersreport.org/en/ http://youtu.be/mICgg3h43_k
  6. 6. Target 13: Address the special needs of the Least Developed Countries (includes tariff and quota-free access for Least Developed Countries, exports, enhanced program of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries [HIPCs] and cancellation of official bilateral debt, and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction) Target 18: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communication technolgie. (http://www.unmillenniumproject.org/goals/gti.htm#goal8)
  7. 7. The United Nations Development Program defines capacity building as – a long-term continual process of development that involves all stakeholders; including ministries, local authorities, non-governmental organizations, professionals, community members, academics and more.
  8. 8. For UNDP, developing sustainable DRR capacities at national and local level is based on the following assumptions: • Locally generated, owned and sustained capacity is essential to the success of any DRR enterprise. • The development of DRR capacity is the concern of an entire society, rather than of any single agency, professional discipline, or stakeholder group. • The development of technical capacities associated with professional disciplines or functions—such as environmental management or land-use management—needs to be combined with other types of capacity development that include the promotion of leadership and other managerial capacities and performance-enhancing measures. • An enabling environment—i.e. strong political ownership and commitment at the highest levels of authority, extensive participation, transparency and clear public accountability—is essential for translating capacity into performance. http://www.us.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/crisis%20prevention/disaster/5Disaster%20Risk%20Reduction%20-%20Capacity%20Development.pdf
  9. 9. Levels of Capacity Building ● Individual: refers to the process of changing attitudes and behaviours-imparting knowledge and developing skills while maximizing the benefits of participation, knowledge exchange and ownership. ● Institutional: focuses on the overall organizational performance and functioning capabilities, as well as the ability of an organization to adapt to change. ● Systemic: emphasizes the overall policy framework in which individuals and organizations operate and interact with the external environment. Also known as 'enabling environment' or 'society' http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/The_Capacity_Building_Concept
  10. 10. Sahana Software Foundation:Capacity Building on All Levels Individual Hackathons Workshops SahanaCamps Webinars F2f Training on location Organizational Developing Software Raising Funds Publishing Developing Training Manuals Creating Standards Conferences Seamless Integration Enabling Environment Web2py HFOSS Fb Twitter Google Hangouts
  11. 11. Building Capacity, Building Communities, Techniques Information Gathering Fast Standby Task Force – Crisis Mappers Real-time solution Crowd Sourcing Disaster App Challenges Workshops Hackathons Solving a series of problems while Educating individuals Building Community Exposing Software Solutions Networking Normally Free & Techy Training organizations to use, Building Skill Sets for Detailed technical requirements, Can last longer and be more Focused for training needs. Specific Solutions Sought - A type of crowd sourcing, can be open to all or restricted. With a minimal reward, great ideas and solutions can be generated. Can stimulate individuals to learn and develop skill set.
  12. 12. ICDMC TECHNOLOGY TOOLS, COMMUMITIES AND METHODS BUILDING ICDMC Web2py (html, python, MySQL) hFOSS Sahana Software Foundation (facilitators, directors) ENABLING ENVIRONMENT NATIONAL INDIVIDUAL ORGANIZATIONAL SahanaCamp Training & Education (volunteers, participants) LOCAL The Philippines Sahana Disaster Management System International Federation Of the Red Cross INSTITUTIONAL ORGANIZATION REAL-WORLD RESULT
  13. 13. Free Technology Crowd Sourcing Disaster App OpenStreetMap OpenOffice Google Workshops Hackathons Challenges RapidSMS Sahana Ushahidi InSTEDD Facebook Frontline SMS OpenMRS Linux Apache Twitter eMail PHP IRC texting Python MySQL ProjectLibre QQ Instagram hFOSS Communities Leveraging Low Cost Solutions for Building Capacity
  14. 14. ICDMC aligned with the HFA HFA PRIORITY 2: Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and early warning ● Disasters can be monitored by using DMIS; ● layers of data provide common operating picture for decision support; ● information dissemination ● More accurate, timely information
  15. 15. ICDMC aligned with the HFA HFA PRIORITY 3: Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels ● Online Communities exist for each software solution ● Workshops ● Hackathons ● Challenges ● Webinars ● Conferences ● university classes.
  16. 16. ICDMC aligned with the HFA HFA Priority 4: Reduce the underlying risk factors ● Integrate all systems into training exercises with emergency management officials and locals ● Establish policies and implement technology for best warning systems
  17. 17. ICDMC aligned with the HFA HFA Priority 5: Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels. ● Use systems for organization integration on information sharing, requirements, decision support, information dissemination, incident reports, logistics, tracking, training, building community of practice
  18. 18. Fran Boon Presents
  19. 19. Future Steps? Suggestions? What can be done to take this forward? More concerted effort? Ways to measure success?