Community Based Disaster Risk Management Approach
• General response of Governments to instances of Disasters = Relief, Search & Rescue and Rehabilitation of Structures• Increasing trend in disaster occurrence - casualties were rising and the costs were rocketing upwards
• some governments initiatedmitigation and preparedness projects•reports of wrong relief assistance andunsupported mitigation measures grew• two decades ago, community basedapproach was recognized, firstly by theUN, then some governments followed
• People in the community suffer most thedisaster damages. In reality, they are first frontline responders. They undertake someprecautionary measuresand respond to the disastereven before outsidehelp comes.
• CBDRM corrects the defects of the top-down approach. There is meeting of thebottom-up (community and local level)and the top-down (national and higherlevel) approaches for an integrated andresponsive disaster management system.
Communities (people) are activelyinvolved in the disaster risk assessmentprocess.
vulnerable people themselves will beinvolved in planning and implementingdisaster risk management measuresalong with local, provincial, and nationalentities through partnership.
Traditional Approach CBDRM Approach1. People affected by 1. People affected by disasters are disasters are helpless victims active actors in rebuilding their lives and livelihood.
Traditional Approach CBDRM Approach2. Victims are 2. People capacities passive recipients are used and built of external aid. on through their participation.
Traditional Approach CBDRM Approach3. Damage and needs 3. Damage, needs and assessment are capacity rapidly done by assessment are external experts. done with people’s participation considering gender, culture, children and age.
Traditional Approach CBDRM Approach 4. Assistance include4. Focus on physical material aid, and and material aid organizational / and technical motivational solutions. aspects to address root causes of vulnerabilities.
Traditional Approach CBDRM Approach 5. Focus on individual,5. Focus on family, community individual preparedness and households strengthening its organization.
Traditional Approach CBDRM Approach6. Donors (outsiders) 6. Community decide on what members the affected participate in families and decision - making community needs. to prioritize needs and risk reduction measures.
Traditional Approach CBDRM Approach7. Providing aid is the 7. Disaster risk responsibility of the management is disaster everybody’s management responsibility. institution. Disaster agencies have supportive role.
Traditional Approach CBDRM Approach8. The aim of disaster 8. The aim is to reduce long management is to – term vulnerabilities and reduce the to increase people’s immediate suffering capacities to better cope and meet with disasters. Building emergency needs, a safe, disaster and to bring things resilient and back to normal. developed community