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Situational Awareness 2.0 #EMAG2011


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These are the slides to support my talk for the Emergency Management Association of Georgia May 26, 2011 Savannah Situational Awareness workshop. The message is that people, technology, social media and emergency management can all build a better awareness together using a mobile platform.

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Situational Awareness 2.0 #EMAG2011

  1. 1. <ul>Situational Awareness 2.0 </ul><ul><li>Mobile
  2. 2. Citizen Engagement
  3. 3. Information aggregated from anywhere
  4. 4. Digital Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Real Time
  5. 5. Collaboration
  6. 6. Free and Easy </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible, Dynamic </li></ul>New Orleans, LA. Hurricane Katrina, 2005 <ul>#EMAG2011 Connie White, PhD </ul>
  7. 7. Cuthbert, GA Tornado, Mar 1909, 6 dead. How has damage assessment changed over the years? Half a dozen negroes were killed here by a tornado last night and a dozen business buildings were almost totally destroyed. The tornado also tore off the corners and made a fantastic mutilations on many of the buildings. Several white persons were injured but so far as known none seriously. A revival meeting was in progress during the tornado which passed some distance from the church, whose occupants mistook the storm’s roar for thunder and remained at the service throughout the passage of the “twister.” Later many worshippers went, under clearing skies, to find their homes or those of other friends uninhabited from some causes, with here and there a house pulled to pieces almost completely as if some carpenter had taken it apart board by board. The greater part of the destructions was confined to the negro quarters. The total loss probably will reach $100,000. Cuthbert has 2,500 inhabitants.,-ga-tornado,-mar-1909 How has damage assessment changed over the years? How has damage assessment changed over the years?
  8. 8. April 6, 1936 in Gainesville, Georgia. It killed 203 and injured 16000 people. It was a F4. How has damage assessment changed over the years?
  9. 9. How is disaster information evaluated?
  10. 13. Mobile Technology
  11. 14. FEMA goes Mobile
  12. 16. snow1.png C ase S tudy: Let it Snow Let it Snow Let it Snow Windham, New Hampshire Feb. 2011 Blizzard Video Reminder
  13. 17. RWforms.jpg Official Closures for County <ul><li>How to collect data from officials?
  14. 18. How to disseminate to employees and public?
  15. 19. Keeping it accurate. </li></ul>
  16. 20. Created in Minutes and Disseminated Quickly for Fast Accurate Response! form5.jpg
  17. 21. Official Themes and Locos can be used form4.jpg
  18. 22. formexample.jpg
  19. 23. form7.jpg Embedded in Email makes submissions quick and easy! Or People can go to Form on Site through link.
  20. 24. Skype In: Special Lecturer: Brandi Simpson Police Communications Officer Alabama Department of Public Safety Highway Patrol
  21. 25. Katrina 011.jpg Why Mapping? <ul><li>Situational Awareness
  22. 26. Community Information
  23. 27. Information aggregated from anywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect the State
  24. 28. CrowdSourcing
  25. 29. Flexible, Dynamic
  26. 30. Update realtime
  27. 31. Free and Easy </li></ul>New Orleans, LA. Hurricane Katrina, 2005
  28. 32. Free Mapping Software <ul><li>OpenStreetMaps
  29. 33. Google Map
  30. 34. WikiMapia
  31. 35. Google Earth </li></ul>
  32. 36. Crisis Mapping Case: Haiti haitiaftermath.jpg
  33. 37. The Initial Map After the Earthquake haiti.jpg (source:
  34. 38. OpenStreetMapHaitiCreativeCommons.jpg OpenStreetMap is a Creative Commons project, sort of geographic Wiki. This map is updated in real time. Rescue teams and NGOs on the ground are using Garmin GPS . It only took a few hours to members of the free mapping community to respond.
  35. 39. OpenStreetMapHaitiCreativeCommons2.jpg Yellow crosses indicate the streets blocked by obstacles. Yellow crosses on red background are the collapsed buildings. White tents on a red background are the camps of survivors . Animation of Collaborative Effort
  36. 40. Government People Not much Citizen Engagement Information
  37. 41. Let's All Work Together
  38. 42. Citizens Will Give Bad Information! Not True!
  39. 43. Texas Border Security Trial Deployment of Border Cameras and the Birth of Long Tail Surveillance
  40. 44. The project generated the four rules of “long tail surveillance” 1) If it is on the Internet it will be viewed. 2) If it is on the Internet, it will be watched 24/7. 3) If viewers are provided a means to respond, they will respond. 4) The responses from the Internet will be self validating. Joel Aud. Case Study: The use of Web 2.0 Concepts/Techniques/Technology in Border Security. Chapter 8 contribution to Social Media, Crisis Communication, and Emergency Management: Leveraging Web 2.0 Technology , CRC Press, 2011.
  41. 45. S. Vieweg, L. Palen, S. Liu, A. Hughes, J. Sutton (2008). Collective Intelligence in Disaster: An Examination of the Phenomenon in the Aftermath of the 2007 Virginia Tech Shooting. Proceedings of the 5th International ISCRAM Conference, Washington DC, USA, May 2008. “ Here, instead of rumor-mongering, we see socially-produced accuracy.” “ Of particular interest ... is the reference to the number of victims, and how this exchange once again establishes that these participants have the common goal of finding who the 32 victims are; reaching that goal is the purpose of this group”
  42. 46. Citizen Engagement + Mobile Technology + Social Media + Mapping = ? What's the REAL Difference?
  43. 49. Workshops & Consultation Available