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CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
CInI kms ppt  for apm
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CInI kms ppt for apm

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Kharif Maize Stabilisation is the another theme that CInI anchors in the western region

Kharif Maize Stabilisation is the another theme that CInI anchors in the western region

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  • 1. Kharif Maize Stablisation ( Maize Scenario in Central India) CInI and Partners
  • 2. KMS CInI’s Strategic Theme for West
    • CInI’s Approach for Tribal Development and Poverty Alleviation:
    • Poverty Alleviation => Year round Food Security  Zero (distress) Migration + Surplus Cash ≈ Tribal Dev
    • Maize a potential Anti- Poverty Crop in West
    • Maize staple food crop.
    • Maize a multipurpose, commercial crop
    • Used as flour, daliya, flex, oil, starch, cattle feed, bio fuel
    • Approx 5 to 7 million Tribal families have maize based livelihood.
    • Approx 4 to 5 million Tribal families could have maize based cash economy.
  • 3. Maize Scenario In Central India
    • Grown in four states of Central India: Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Maharashtra.
    2.08 Tones /H 2.0 M Tones 1.0 M Ha 30 Maharashtra 0.9 Tones /Ha 0.8 M Tones 0.9 M Ha 48 M.P. 1.8 Tones /Ha 2.5 M Tones 1.3 M Ha 29 Rajasthan 1.7 Tones /Ha 0.8 M Tones 0.5 M Ha 16 Gujarat Average Yield Average Production Average Area No. Of Growing Districts
  • 4.  
  • 5. Findings of recent Gap Analysis Study
    • 75% Non Progressive while 25 % (relatively) Progressive [Criteria technological awareness, Land Situation and Irrigation ]
    • Average Land Holding P F – 4.8 Acres; NP F – 5 Acres [ 60% to 70% cultivable]
    • Maize based food Sufficiency PF 7.5 month; NP F 7.3 months
    • Gross Cropped area under Maize PF 3.15 Acers while NP F 3.80 Acres
    L X L (60 cm) R X R (60 cm) L X L (60 cm) R X R (40 cm) L X L (50 to 60 cm) R X R(25 to 30 cm) Spacing 55 Kg/ Acre 45 Kg/ Acre 40N:24P:12K kg/Acre Fertilizer Don’t do Don’t do Once every year Soil Test Habit of repeating seeds Habit of repeating seeds If Hybrid- every yr Composite- after 3 yr Seed Replacement 26 Kg /Acre 15 Kg / Acre 8 to 10 Kg Seed Rate NP F (Relatively) P F Recommended
  • 6. Findings of recent Gap Analysis Study
      • Average Productivity PF = 5.6 qt/acre ; NP F= 4.06 qt/acre
      • None of NP F sell Maize surplus but 22 % PF are able to sell 1 to 2 qt getting Rs 700 to Rs 750 per qt
      • Two major practice of maize harvesting – (1) after crop got dried and (2) after the silk gone brown. Some positive relation between former practice and higher yields
      • Two major practice of maize harvesting – (1) manual and (2) Thresher. Some positive relation between former practice and higher yields .
  • 7. Findings of recent Gap Analysis Study
      • Farmers feel difficulty mostly in Seed replacement, Seed test, Soil test, Recommended and timely application of fertilizer and pesticide reason being inability to purchase seed or recommended fertilizer, seed not available in time, absence of technical knowledge, illogical effort.
      • Farmers feel fear to drop steps like Seed replacement, Soil test, application of pesticides reason being inability to purchase seed or recommended fertilizer, seed not available in time, absence of technical knowledge, illogical effort.
  • 8. KMS Vision & Mission
    • KMS Vision : Round the year Food Security & enhance the standard of living of Central Indian (tribal) Maize Growers.
    • Mission
    • 1. To stabilize (progressively touch the optimum yield level) the maize yields for year round food security
    • 2. To progressively motivate farmers for commercial maize cultivation
  • 9. KMS Three Years’ Perspective Plan /Outreach linkages with national level corporate market players linkages with national level corporate market players linkages at local level market players Linkages CSOs and Govt. representative participants in 2 dissemination workshop CSOs and Govt. representative participants in 2 dissemination workshop CSOs and Govt. representative participants in 1 dissemination workshop Dissemination 50 farmers getting exposures per trial set (total 150000 farmers) 50 farmers getting exposures per trial set (total 30000 to 35000 farmers) 50 farmers getting exposures per trial set (total 800 to 1000 farmers) Farmer families (getting exposure) min 1 Acre per farmer (total 30000 farmers in all regions) min 1/2 acre for each farmer( total 6000 to 7000 farmers in all region) 20 farmers in each cluster and 3 such clusters in each region (total 60 farmers in each region) Farmer families covered ( Baby trial performers) 1 to 2 for each group of clusters in each region (4 to 8 Trails sets in all regions) Mother Trials (1 trial set means Varital Seed Trials, Agronomic ) 30000 Acres in all states together 100 acre in each villages in each region (total 12000 acre to 15000 acres) 60 to 80 acre land in each group of clusters in each region (total 240 to 320 acre) Acreage 4 partners in each region (total 16) 2 partners in each region (total 8) 1 partner in each region (total 4) Field Partnership one study at national and international level one study at local /regional level Market Study At least 50 villages in each region (total 200 villages) 20 to 25 villages in each region (total 80 to 100 villages) 2 to 3 villages in each region (total 8 to 12 villages) Spread Year 3 Year 2 Year 1
  • 10. Plan of Action for Kharif 2009
    • High emphasis on seed replacement
    • Trials of two to three best performed
    • Composite varieties in clusters
    • Three cluster with each team, each cluster
    • 20 farmers
    • High emphasis on plant population by maintaining
    • spacing row to row (50 cm) plant to plant (20 to 30 cm)
    • Promoting N2 fixing and erosion resistant intercrop
    • of pigeon pea, black gram etc
    • Idea incubation of agri mechanisation for mechanised sowing to maintain spacing.
    • Idea incubation of focussed review and facilitation on field through service provider model equipped with specialised field tools of monitoring.
    • Periodic review by CInI and resource person
    • Long term perspective of seed production. Activity to be taken in Rabi.
    • Various studies part of strategy formation and decision support system.
  • 11. Thanks !!!
  • 12. For Food Security by Yield Enhancement (1) Institutionalizing systems of immediate relief mechanisms [Grain bank etc] (2)Institutionalizing backward (agri- input) and forward linkages (market) (3) Institutionalizing micro-financial support system (4) To nurture community based Institutions to own long term development issues KMS Sectoral Engagement Possiblities of Sectoral Engagements around KMS

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