WHEAT - Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners - June 2013

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WHEAT - Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners - June 2013

  1. 1. CRP Engagement with DonorsMontpellier, 17-18th June 2013http://wheat.org/Victor Kommerell, CRP ProgramManager: v.kommerell@cgiar.org
  2. 2. Todays Agenda WHEAT IDOs, Impact Pathways & Theories ofChange– WHEAT research results and impact on theground & Regional collaborations– Gender and Impact– Intermediate Development Outcomes &Flagship Projects– Next Steps to refine IDOs etc. with R4D partners Partnerships– Current status– Next steps Conclusions
  3. 3. Impact pathway in action – Fighting against athreat to global food security (Ug99)Genetic discovery &breeding for Ug99resistance (fasterthru 2 breedingcycles p.a.)Improved varietiesavailable to NARS& first releases byNARSIn 5 years from90% susceptiblevarities to …IDO cluster: Improvedvarieties onto research &farmers fields
  4. 4. And make 6 countries epidemic-proof: Greatexample of IAR-NARS-Donors collaboration2006-2008:Genetic discovery& breeding forUg99 resistanceaccelerated thrushuttle breedingMexico - Kenya)2009: Improvedvarieties availableto NARS & firstreleases by NARS –thanks to BGRI2008-12: Seedmultiplication in 6vulnerablecountries:Afghanistan,Bangladesh,Egypt, Ethiopia,Nepal , Pakistanand Iran – USAIDFamine project,CGIAR W1&2, Iran2012-13 season:5% of nationalwheat areathreshold tocounter anepidemic isreached
  5. 5. Bigger WHEAT impact picture: Improvedvarieties in farmers’ fields%WheatAreaCGIAR cultivars CGIAR derived cultivars Non-CGIAR related0%25%50%75%100%(Lantican et al., 2005)
  6. 6. From ToStripe Review Recommends: GxMxE^I, robustmetrics, cross-cutting methodologiesField scale Multi-scaleNRM NRM & innovation systems & Climate ChangeProtocols / guides Precision AgricultureSustainable wheat-based systems1992: CAlong-termexperimentstarts1994 RiceWheatConsortium(RWC)IndoGangesPlain: Zerotillage2007: RWCimpactsassessed / CAHub inMexico:Proof-of-concept forinnovation &learningplatform2009: CSISAPhase 1 kicksoff /MasAgroTake It ToThe Farmer(TTF) starts• Of 15 farming systems in areasof greatest poverty• 12 are rice-, maize- and/orwheat-based systems• Drives WHEAT Theme 2(sustainable wheat-basedsystems)IDO: Sustainably growmore with less forimproved livelihoods
  7. 7. WHEAT Regional Collaborations: CSISA asmodelCollaborationacross CRPs:WHEAT, GRiSP,MAIZE, Policy,Livestock, CCAFS, inthe Indo GangeticPlain
  8. 8. Number of poor in wheat-based systems inSouth AsiaCereal systems >50% areaunder crop>25% areaunder cropWheat systems 175 million 284 million% of total poor(ca. 516mn) 34% 55%Source: Sonders 2013; based on data from IFPRI, World Bank , FAO, UNDP:People living on $1.25 or less a day
  9. 9. Add Precision Ag to the Systems mixIDO: Sustainably grow more withless for improved livelihoods• Wheat uses more N than any othercrop (19%)• China, India and Pakistan apply 50%of all N used for wheat• Nitrogen use efficiency in LDC only1/3 = 2 of 3 kg N applied end up inwater or air• NUE in W-Europe is about 65% =twice as high; Max. NUE is around80%
  10. 10. Debre ZeitHoletta  Haremaya SinanaAwassaKulumsa Sirinka Adet Debre BirhanAmbo Areka Werer GodeJijiga MekeleAlemataGonder Improved agronomic/IPM practices 122 improved wheat varietiesreleased ≥ 80 CGIAR origin /cross Yields up from 0.6 t/ha 1970 to 2t/ha in 2012Example in Africa: Impact in EthiopiaIDO cluster: Improvedvarieties onto research &farmers fields
  11. 11. UNEP (2009) The EnvironmentalFood Crisis - The EnvironmentsRole in Averting Future FoodCrises, Hugo Ahlenius, Nordpil.Climate changebringsopportunities toAfrica – Changes incereal outputsWhat about the rest of Africa?Wheat for Africa (W4A)!
  12. 12. Modelling study shows: Africa can grow morewheat profitablyEight SSA countries couldincrease wheatproduction profitably tomeet growing demandWHEAT for AfricaconferenceAfrican MoA haveendorsed wheat as astrategic crop
  13. 13. African working women drive wheatconsumption As more women join thelabor force, African wheatdemand grows, along withurbanization Wheat products take lesstime to prepare than manyother popular staples Africa spent $US20bn onwheat imports in 2012Dr. Nicole Mason, MSUKinshasa supermarketWHEAT Theme 1(better target &prioritize)
  14. 14. Gender emphasis:Understand & IntegrateTwo big Challenges1. WHEAT (rural) target regions= often paternalistic, male-dominated societies2. Developing ALL rural talent iskey to sustainable greaterproductivityNeed for Action Understand hurdles & identifysensible ‘entry-points’ forimproving equity & equalityFocal areas: WHEAT Gender audit Scoping Study on StrengtheningGender Integration in South Asia Coming up: Diagnosis of genderrelations in wheat production,processing and marketing in keytarget regions
  15. 15. WHEAT Impacts … An added value ofwheat produced = US$1.3 billion by 2020 &US$ 8.1 billion by 2030 Enough wheat to feedan additional 56 millionconsumers by 2020 &an additional 397million by 2030 Breaking the wheatyield barrier by 50%Expected Impact (as stated in 2011 Proposal, excerpts)Study PeriodcoveredAll breeding Attributed to IWINByerlee and Traxler(1996)1966-90 $3.0bn per yearInternal rate ofreturn of 53%$1.5bn per yearHeisey et al. (2002)mid-range estimate1996-97 $2.4bn per year $1.1bn per yearLantican et al.(2005)--mid-rangeestimate1988-2002 $3.4-4.8bn per year $1.0 to 1.8bn per yearMarasas et al.(2004)--leaf rustresistance only1973-2007 $5.4bn net present valueEvenson andRosegrant, 20021965-2000 With no breedingresearch:9-14% reduction inoutput29-61% increase inpriceWith no CGIAR5-6% reduction in output19-22% increase in price
  16. 16. What impact? - WHEAT re-assessed partner prioritiesamong NARS, extension, seed companies and farmer organizationsType ofImpactFood: Increasingdemands for foodmet. Stable foodprices for poorconsumersFood andEnvironment:Moresustainable &resilient farmingsystems, despiteclimate impactEnvironment:Increasedproductionthrough higheryields and betterstress resistancePovertyreduction andequity: Povertyand malnutritionare reduced(women andchildren)Povertyreduction andequity: Betteraccess tocutting-edgetechnologies(role of privatesector)Capacity: Anew generationof scientists andotherprofessionalsRanking(based on noof points)1st(1255)2nd(1084)2nd(1021)4th(788)3rd(940)1st(1312)1st/1st or 2ndchoice (no ofpartners) 24 7 9 4 6 1574 responses to PartnerPriorities Survey
  17. 17. Generating impact by delivering on anintegrated set of Flagship Products
  18. 18. WHEAT Flagship products matched with genericIDOsSI 5 – Durable Pest &Disease resistanceSI 6 – Enhanced Heat& Drought ToleranceSI 7 – Breaking theYield BarrierSI4ProductiveWheatVarietiesSI9SeedsofDiscoveryFARMERSSI 10 Strengthening CapacitiesSI 1 Technology Targeting for Greatest ImpactComprehensive Wheat Improvement Systems: on Field & Farm Adoption & UseSI 2 – SustainableWheat-based SystemSI 3 – Nutrient- andWater-use EfficiencySI 8 - More andbetter SeedIDOs: NRMproductivity, systems,environmental,livelihoods, innovationIDOs: future options,productivity (carbon)IDOs: Productivity,environment, riskmgt (nutrition)
  19. 19. WHEAT Flagship clusters make IDOs possibleSI 5 – Durable Pest &Disease resistanceSI 6 – Enhanced Heat& Drought ToleranceSI 7 – Breaking theYield BarrierSI4ProductiveWheatVarietiesSI9SeedsofDiscoveryFARMERSSI 10 Strengthening CapacitiesSI 1 Technology Targeting for Greatest ImpactComprehensive Wheat Improvement Systems: on Field & Farm Adoption & UseSI 2 – SustainableWheat-based SystemSI 3 – Nutrient- andWater-use EfficiencySI 8 - More andbetter SeedSustainably grow morewith less for improvedlivelihoodsFrontier genetic research:Novel diversity & breakthe yield barrierImproved varietiesonto research &farmers fields
  20. 20. ResearchStrategy1:Sustainablygrowmorewithlessforimprovedlivelihoods• System-LevelDevelopmentOutcomesSLO1 Rural PovertySLO2 Food Security•IDO 1. Acceleratedvarieties releasescaled outIDO 2. Farmersminimiseunsustainable effectson soil, environment& improve theirhousehold income &livelihoodsIDO 3. Farmers havemore & betteraccess to qualityseed & use themResearchStrategy2:Improvedvarietiesontoresearchandfarmer’sfields• System-LevelDevelopmentOutcomesSLO2 Food SecuritySLO3 Nutrition &HealthSLO1 Rural Poverty•IDO 1. Acceleratedvarieties releasescaled outIDO4. Smallholders’modern wheatvarieties adoptiontranslates intohigher, more stableyields in WHEATtarget regionsResearchStrategy3:FrontierGeneticResearchfornoveldiversity&breakingtheyieldbarrier• System-LevelDevelopmentOutcomesSLO2 Food SecuritySLO4 Sustainability•IDO 5. Faster & moresignificant geneticgains in breedingprogramsworldwide, usingmore effectiveapproaches forcomplex traitsFive Wheat IDOs
  21. 21. Next: Refine IDOs with R4D partnersWhy? Partners are at the interface of generating impact Partner performance influences speed and extent of impactWhat/How? Use “6 Questions” approach to link outputs to outcomes Identify necessary R4D partners and ‘required actors’ Spell out assumptions made; define criteria for assessing performance Detail linkages with other CRPs: What kind? Which projects? Use Partner Priorities Survey responses to define IAR4D roleWhen? Sept 2013: WHEAT-Stakeholder Committee reviews and approves approachto partner engagement March 2014: Main agenda for WHEAT General Meeting (linked to Borlaug100 event)
  22. 22. Partner Priorities among WHEAT ThemesTheme 1Bettertarget,prioritise2 wheatsystems3precisionagri(WUE,NUE)4bettervarieties5pests &diseases6heat &drought7breakyieldbarrier8moreandbetterseed9Seeds ofDiscovery10Cap DevPriorityfor owninstit.4th 3rd 3rd 1st 2nd 2nd 4th 4th 4th 3rdPriorityfor IAR4th 3rd 4th 1st 1st 2nd 4th 4th 4th 3rdDivergence of partner and donor perceptionsInterpretation and use of results?
  23. 23. 24Fundamental AgriResearchApplied Agri ResearchSocioeconomicresearchEnvironmental researchPolicy-relatedWHEATs different kinds of partners ...CRP composed of Strategic Research Initiatives (SI), …Research DesignStageResearch ActivitiesStageOutputs Stage Outcomes Stage Impact StageExtensionagentsuniversityresearch partnersWYN: ARI’sworlwideDifferent kinds ofR4D partners; perproject, mainlybilaterally funded &‘continuous partners’Research Partners (upstream)Development Partners (downstream)CompetitivePartner GrantsWheat Int’l TrialsCooperators (NARS)– IWIN: 622collaboratorsMasAgro Take It to theFarmer; CSISA innovationsystem partnersSteering partners (on WHEAT-MC:ICARDA, BBSRC, ICAR, GRDC)For special, ex-ante studies
  24. 24. 620 cooperators want WHEAT germplasm onan annual basis: Growing demand!
  25. 25. CGIAR Partner Perception Survey: WHEATcompared to other CRPs30405060708090100Mean All CRPsMax ScoreWHEAT ScoreGlobal expertise High caliber staffHigh quality research InnovationFacilitating access to research Relevant research / Research results in outputsResponse to clients, credit sharing and communicationR4D partners want to seeWHEAT improve on“involving partners indecisions” and “sharingcredit”
  26. 26. Partnership realities and desired futureNow In Future27 Funds: W1/2 & bilateral flow-thru +extra Partner Budget (CompetitivePartner Grants) CIMMYT and ICARDA partner onprogram management & researchdelivery Program Management Partners– Internal: CIMMYT, ICARDA– External: BBSRC, GRDC, ICAR Steering Partners– Broader partner involvement instrategy dev: Launch Conference &Partner Priorities Survey Better know, evaluate our partners,act on that knowledge– Different & better (not more)partners– Spend more time/effort on p’shiprelationship mgt Partners’ perspective: Make clearerhow partners will be involved atdifferent levels (research priorities,design, delivery)– Driven by adjusting Themes’ projectportfolio to national/regionalpriorities– More joint fundraising
  27. 27. Donors who make partnering possibleSelected; from 59 active grants in 2012, of which 20 are funded by W1&2SAGARPA(Mexico MoA)CAAS & NFSC,ChinaCGIAR FundBMZ/GIZ (Germany)USDA & USAIDGRDC & ACIAR(AU)Harvest Plus(CRP4)GenerationChallenge ProgramICAR, IndiaAAREOO, IranJIRCAS &MoFA, JapanBMGF, Syngenta Foundation& Agrovegetal
  28. 28. Way Forward for WHEAT
  29. 29. ResearchStrategy1:Sustainablygrowmorewithlessforimprovedlivelihoods• System-LevelDevelopmentOutcomesSLO1 Rural PovertySLO2 Food Security•IDO 1. Acceleratedvarieties releasescaled outIDO 2. Farmersminimiseunsustainable effectson soil, environment& improve theirhousehold income &livelihoodsIDO 3. Farmers havemore & betteraccess to qualityseed & use themResearchStrategy2:Improvedvarietiesontoresearchandfarmer’sfields• System-LevelDevelopmentOutcomesSLO2 Food SecuritySLO3 Nutrition &HealthSLO1 Rural Poverty•IDO 1. Acceleratedvarieties releasescaled outIDO4. Smallholders’modern wheatvarieties adoptiontranslates intohigher, more stableyields in WHEATtarget regionsResearchStrategy3:FrontierGeneticResearchfornoveldiversity&breakingtheyieldbarrier• System-LevelDevelopmentOutcomesSLO2 Food SecuritySLO4 Sustainability•IDO 5. Faster & moresignificant geneticgains in breedingprogramsworldwide, usingmore effectiveapproaches forcomplex traitsWay forward: Partnerships for IDO ImpactFaster GlobalBreeding PlatformGlobalPhenotypingPlatformWheat YieldNetworkbased onMEXIPLATPlatformHeat &DroughtConsortiumCoalition for Wheat for Africa(W4A)Regional, multi-hub & -stakeholderR4D programsSeeds ofDiscovery
  30. 30. Trainingpopulation• Genotyping• PhenotypingGS model• Estimating marker effectsTargetpopulation• Genotyping only• Estimating GEBVs• Selection• IntercrossingupdateWay forward: Genomics enables fasterbreeding success Improved varieties ontoresearch & farmers fields
  31. 31. Way forward: Collaboratively fight majorpests and diseasesExample: Fusarium HeadBlight is global problem, sobundle global R4D resourcesBuild Global Pests &Diseases Observatoryand Early WarningSystemImproved varieties ontoresearch & farmers fields
  32. 32. Wheat needs to beat the heat:Photosynthetic Efficiency (WYN)Frontier genetic research:Novel diversity & breakthe yield barrierFood security of 1 billion people in SouthAsia affected by climate change >>accelerating food price inflation
  33. 33. Ways Forward for WHEATPhase I:2012-14Phase II:2015-2020Phase III

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