Collectives for Integrated Livelihood Initiatives


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Collectives for Integrated Livelihood Initiatives

  1. 1. Central India Initiative (CInI) – Enhancing Tribal Livelihoods through Natural Resource Management based Approach
  2. 2. Central India Initiative (CInI) Background <ul><li>18 to 25 degrees belt stretching from Gujarat to West Bengal - hilly and undulating </li></ul><ul><li>High rainfall - high runoff; reasonable forest cover </li></ul><ul><li>50 million tribal population (70% of tribal population of India) </li></ul><ul><li>Low literacy , high poverty , land and water productivity far below potential </li></ul><ul><li>Low use of modern technology in agriculture </li></ul>
  3. 3. Poverty Ratio in CInI States 16.3 21.0 27.8 All India 12.1 15.6 21.0 Rajasthan 5.6 7.2 16.7 Gujarat D 25.8 33.4 38.2 Madhya Pradesh (parts) 18.5 23.6 30.6 Maharashtra C 18.5 23.6 30.6 Maharashtra 26.2 33.9 40.8 Chattisgarh (part) 25.8 33.4 38.2 Madhya Pradesh B 12.8 16.7 24.6 West Bengal 26.2 33.9 40.8 Chattisgarh 30.4 39.6 46.5 Orissa 25.0 32.5 40.4 Jharkhand A 2011-12(Target) 2011-12 (Growth 2004-05 State Zone
  4. 4. Central India Initiative (CInI): IWMI-Tata’s Recommendations <ul><li>Zone ‘A’ includes Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal. </li></ul><ul><li>The focus is on stabilizing Kharif crops, through the creation of decentralized water harvesting structures near farm lands. </li></ul><ul><li>Zone ‘B’ includes Madhya Pradesh, parts of Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra. </li></ul><ul><li>The focus is on promotion of ‘Wadi’ (orchards) and creation of water harvesting structures such as nallah and cement bag bunds. </li></ul><ul><li>Zone ‘C’ includes Maharashtra and parts of Madhya Pradesh. </li></ul><ul><li>The focus is on promotion of ‘Wadi’ (orchards), developing and revival of irrigation systems to participatory approach and package of practices for crops like cotton , soyaben etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Zone ‘D’ contains Gujarat and south Rajasthan. </li></ul><ul><li>The focus is on Community Managed Natural Resources; large check dams and lift irrigation systems. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ranking of districts based on HDI 20 poorest districts /109 tribal districts
  6. 6. Central India Initiative (CInI) Objective <ul><li>Launched in 2003, the CInI envisages a series of livelihood projects across the region, addressing core issues aimed at alleviating poverty amongst tribals in a sustainable manner. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Coverage Presence in 40/109 tribal districts of CInI 21 CSO Partners in all 9 states Approx. 400,000 households Linkages with govt, research institutions and donors Livelihood interventions – improved agriculture, horticulture, dairy, poultry, water resources, tassar, etc.
  8. 8. Ensuring Food Security and Enhanced Livelihoods <ul><li>Kharif Paddy Stabilization </li></ul><ul><li>Improving the Crop productivity of Maize </li></ul>Vegetable Cultivation – Additional Income Source Increasing Area under Rabi Cultivation
  9. 9. Revival and Creation Irrigation Potential Centralized Irrigation System Decentralized Irrigation System
  10. 10. Forest based Livelihoods <ul><li>Lac Cultivation providing additional income of Rs. 10,000/annum </li></ul><ul><li>Tassar Cultivation – two cycles with annual income of about Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 15,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Horticulture promotion with assured annual income of about Rs. 20,000 after a period of four years </li></ul>
  11. 11. Off-farm Livelihoods <ul><li>Meet the Demand of Deficit market </li></ul>Increase in market demand and assured family income of Rs. 1,500/month
  12. 12. Formation of Dedicated Cell <ul><li>CInI Cell was formed in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>For Geographical focus in the poverty belt of Central India tribal region </li></ul><ul><li>Work comprehensively towards the livelihood enhancement of the tribal communities </li></ul><ul><li>To Strengthen CInI as “State Immersion” and work in collaboration and cooperation with Government, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), Donors, Research Institutions and Community Based Organisations. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Key Roles and Responsibilities <ul><li>Serves as a knowledge bank : One source information on the Central India Tribal region. </li></ul><ul><li>New Idea incubator ; Exploring new ideas in the field and efforts towards up-scaling and mainstream them. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish strong networks and coordinating unit : Establish linkages with Institution of excellence, government agencies and donors </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a strong brand equity for CInI </li></ul><ul><li>Monitors and provides technical support : The organisations implementing CInI strategies, through regular monitoring missions and field visits. </li></ul>
  14. 14. State Immersions of CInI Cell <ul><li>CInI Cell has been registered as an organization under Societies Act 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>CInI Cell is based in Jamshedpur. Region office in Ahmedabad for better coverage in the western India states. </li></ul><ul><li>Close tie-up with the Tribal Development Department, Government of Gujarat towards implementing Rs. 150 billion (for 5 years) ‘Vanabandhu Kalyan Yojana’ </li></ul><ul><li>Linkages with Tata Steel towards developing and initiating the Rs. 1 billion Tata Steel Centenary Project in Orissa, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership with NABARD and Government of Madhya towards systematic implementation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and Tribal Development Funds </li></ul>
  15. 15. Recommendation of SP-2011 <ul><li>(a) Inclusiveness in growth </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Regaining agricultural dynamism </li></ul><ul><li>(i) what needs to be consolidated and strengthen and </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) what needs to be added or modified </li></ul><ul><li>(c) Prepare disaggregated district-wise poverty ratios of the CInI states, and ensure the investment is aligned with the national strategy of fund flow </li></ul><ul><li>(d) Strengthen establishment of CInI as “state immersion” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Future Strategy <ul><li>Thematic Focus in each Zone : as it is ‘Kharif Paddy Stabilization’ for Zone A </li></ul><ul><li>Continue focus on most poverty ridden districts: </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging with the sector, whilst understanding the key issues in the region, forms the core area of work : Like Farmers distress in Vidharbha region. </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence and consolidation efforts for larger and visible impact </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of field learning's and pilots/idea incubation for large scale replication </li></ul><ul><li>Developing strategic collaboration with research institutions such as ICRISAT, ILRI, World Vegetables etc. to achieve agriculture dynamism. </li></ul><ul><li>Dovetailing efforts with the 11 th Five Year Plan: Linkages with national level development programmes such as NREGS, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Forming state level forums in all the CInI states with representatives from Civil Society Organisations, state governments, research institutions, Community Based Organisations, etc. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Proposed Five Years Growth <ul><li>Reaching out to about 1 million tribal households </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on most poverty ridden districts </li></ul><ul><li>Providing households with an income of Rs 30,000/annum from the present Rs. 12,000/annum </li></ul><ul><li>Strong Network with all state Government for wider recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Disbursal Target at 800 million </li></ul><ul><li>Generating Nearly double funds from other sources </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>
  19. 19. Photo Gallery – Lift Irrigation Revival for Increased Irrigation and Livelihood
  20. 20. Photo Gallery – Organic Coffee and Pepper produced by Tribal Farmer
  21. 21. Photo Gallery – SRI Technology for Productivity Enhancement
  22. 22. Photo Gallery – Dairy & Poultry
  23. 23. Photo Gallery – Water Resource Development