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Comparative history
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  • 1. By: Courtney Grace
    Comparative History
  • 2. Indian Societies Under Siege
    Gives us a better understanding of American History and the greed that many had for power
    Shows how they mistreated Native Americans by taking their land and forcing them to live on reservations
    Also making them follow in American beliefs and to forget about their traditions
    1880’s American reform groups who considered themselves “friends of the Indians” publicized federal mishandling of Indian issues by circulating pamphlets, gathering signatures, and applying intense political pressure on the government
    Canadian officials had been striving toward the same objective since 1860’s
  • 3. Indian Societies Under Siege
    About the Indian-white Relations in the United States and Canada during the 1860’s to the 1890’s
    Americans forced Native Americans to live on reservations and to follow their beliefs
    Some Natives fled to Canada while others continued to fight and rally up other natives to do so
    Story takes place in Wallowa Valley in Oregon and explains the Native Indians Trail to Canada
    Nez Perce People disputed against white settlers with evolved to the Nez Perce War, led by Chief Joseph
    By 1864 raiding bands of Sioux, Pawnees, Cheyennes, & Apapahos had cleared pioneers from the central plain, leading John Evans, the Governor of Colorado, to claim that they had virtually isolated Denver
    Created many wars
  • 4. Indian Societies Under Siege
    Sitting Bull
    Dakota Sioux Indian Chief
    United Sioux tribes in resistance against U.S Army and Reservation policy
    Defeated General Custer at Little Big Horn in 1876
    Toured with Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show before killed by reservation policy
  • 5. Americans, Europeans and the Movies
    Gives us an understanding of the times in 1920’s- flappers, silent movies, movies of wars, love, comedy. Things that we see in the movies today
    After World War I, the field was open for performers who could create a comic style specifically tailored to American middle-class values
    New group of comedians emerged in the 1920’s, w/ Harold Lloyd and Harry Langdon
    Sex was all buffoonery and conflict in 1920’s comedy
    Even those who tested warm water of passion often kept one foot on the solid ground of Victorian morality
    They were eager to see lurid and sinful behavior on the screen, but they wanted to preserve their respectability in the process
    This reading shows the significance of American Traditions and how Europeans helped to change the standard of movies by adding romance, sexuality, passion and intensity
  • 6. Americans, Europeans and the Movies
    Silent features produced in U.S. between 1912 & 1929
    Cecil B. DeMille became notorious in early 1918 when he unveiled the first series of spicy morality tales of extramarital temptation
    DeMille’s film angered moralists because they were popular w/ respectable middle-class audiences; and wouldn’t have been so popular had they not been so conservative
    Before the war, playwrights and novelists had been permitted more freedom of expression than filmmakers.
    American movie makers were thus given a free hand to perpetuate their own versions of characters of European nationalities, which generally didn’t rise above the gross stereotypes of blacks or American Indians
    Europeans were more sensual, decadent, emotional, sinful and daring than Americans
  • 7. Roosevelt and Hitler
    Both leaders came to power at almost precisely the same time, following inept and unpopular predecessors
    Neither had a consistent economic program to end the crisis
    Their improvised policymaking reflected their ignorance about economics
    Symbolized “energy and commitment” and were willing to experiment w/ government initiatives to bring economic recovery
  • 8. Roosevelt and Hitler
    In 1933, the Great Depression was at its low point, and the worst hit countries were Germany and the United States
    Unemployment was in the area of 25%
    Both Countries had experienced periods of poor, uninspired , leadership
    January 30, 1933 Hitler became Chancellor
    March 4, 1933 Franklin Roosevelt took oath as President
    Roosevelt appealed to industrial workers, farmers, the unemployed
    New Deal: 1933-1938, to deliver  relief to the unemployed and those in danger of losing farms and homes, recovery to agriculture and business, and reform, notably through the inception of the vast Tennessee Valley Authority.
    Made important progress toward improving farm life, but efforts to reverse population yielded limited results
  • 9. Roosevelt and Hitler
    Nazi reaction to the Depression
    Appealed to hard-working shopkeepers and peasants and then (after he achieved power) to industrialist, large landowners and the military
    Nazis offered subsidies and tax rebates to private companies that hired new workers
    Nazis created a complex system of 13 estates governing all branches of industry
    In Germany the concept of government- cartels that regulated output and prices
    Explains the similarities and differences between to leading figures in the world
    Significant to the time period and study of America because it explains the trails and tribulations the country went through in order to become a leading nation and to make it out of the great depression
  • 10. Resistance to White Supremacy
    The American Civil Rights movement tallied around an eloquent young Baptist preacher, Martin Luther King Jr. – encouraged the audience by blending Christian Scriptures and American political ideals with the philosophy of nonviolence that he had learned from the saintly father of the Indian nationhood- Mahatma Gandhi
    In 1964 and 1965 congress passed a landmark of civil rights legislation because of the movements idealism and perseverance had impressed the nation
    South Africa was a bit different thought there the Defiance Campaign used the same type of nonviolent tactics to oppose the law by making blacks to live segregated and carry passes whenever they want
    But the South responded differently than they had expected- they responded with force, brutally massacring dozens of protestors at Sharpsville in 1930
  • 11. Resistance to White Supremacy
    Nonviolent protesters attempted to end the racial segregation in South Africa and the American South in the 1950s and the early 1960s
    They were known as, “the only two places where such blatant manifestations of white supremacy could then be found”
    They banned the ANC and the outlawing public demonstrations
    “The ANC’s Nelson Mandela was imprisoned by the government in 1964 and remained in custody for a quarter century”
    Those were not shocked that the American movement was successful and the South African one had failed…