Dr John Henrik Clarke• The events which transpired five thousand years ago; Five years ago or five minutes ago, have determined what will happen five minutes from now; five years; From now or five thousand years from now. All history is a current event.
"Waiting for the show to start” John Hartfield- Ellisville, Mississippi June 26,1919 2:30 p.m.
LYNCHING• A LYNCHING CONSISTED OF:• 1. A notice to whites in neighboring towns; so they could witness the lynching.• 2. A huge spectacle with thousands watching.• 3. The burning of the victim, usually a male, at the stake, after first being exposed to hours of wrathful pain, known as “surgery below the belt”
LYNCHING• And as if that wasn’t bad enough:• 4. The observers took parts of the mutilated body home for souvenirs; and took pictures for post cards.
NEGRO IS LYNCHED AT GARLAND CITY• Brutally attacked a White Man Saturday. “Special to the Gazette, Garland City, July 30. Andrew Avery the Negro who shot and fatally wounded Will Woods, a white man, near here Saturday morning, was hanged by a mob in the heart of town tonight at 9:45. About 40 men were in the party. The Lynching was conducted in a quiet fashion” (The Arkansas Gazette, July 31, 1917)
HORACE DUNCAN• "At the center of the Square on Easter weekend 1906, three innocent men: Will Allen, Fred Coker and Horace Duncan were lynched, burned and dismembered, leading to the exodus of many black residents from Springfield. Photo donated in honor of Fern and Ralph Hedric and Laura Gregg Stewart and all people who teach tolerance.” The photograph is that of Horace Duncan.
HORACE DUNCAN• It was taken on his twentieth birthday in March of 1906 about a month before his death at the hands of a lynch mob numbering approximately seven thousand. Duncan was one of three victims. They were found innocent by a grand jury who also found the Springfield, Missouri police department to be culpably negligent at the time of "The Easter Offering."
LEONARD GAKINYA: SPRINGFIELD, MISSOURI 10/02/2002
Dr. James Cameron• Dr. Cameron, the only known survivor of a lynching, founded America ’s Black Holocaust Museum in 1988. He has dedicated his life to promoting civil rights and racial equality for all Americans. One of his goals was to document the injustices suffered by people of African descent in the US.