Causes Of The Civil War


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Causes Of The Civil War

  1. 1. Causes of the Civil War
  2. 2. Invention of the Cotton Gin <ul><li>When: 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Eli Whitney: </li></ul><ul><li>Where: South </li></ul><ul><li>What: Invention to remove seeds from cotton </li></ul>
  3. 3. Invention of the Cotton Gin <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>drastically increased the amount of cotton being produced, thus drastically increasing the number of slaves needed to harvest the cotton. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This increased the tensions that slavery caused. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Mexican Cession <ul><li>When: 1848 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Mexican gvn’t </li></ul><ul><li>Where: California, New Mexico, and the Gadsden Purchase territory </li></ul><ul><li>What: Lands given up by Mexico because of the Gadsden Purchase and the Mexican-American War </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mexican Cession <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brought on the debate of whether or not slavery should be allowed in the new territory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led directly to the Compromise of 1850 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to sectional arguments and distrust </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Missouri Compromise <ul><li>When: 1820 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Where: New states (Missouri and Maine) </li></ul><ul><li>What: Political compromise made in 1820 between Northern and Southern politicians </li></ul>
  7. 7. Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Admitted Missouri as slave state, Maine as free state, prohibited slavery north of 36°30’ parallel (Missouri Compromise Line) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept power in Senate equal </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>When: 1850 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Where: New Lands gained by the Mexican Cession </li></ul><ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congressional agreement on slavery: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>admitted California as a free state </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>did not restrict slavery in New Mexico or Utah (popular sovereignty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bans slave trade in Washington, D.C. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>passed a stricter fugitive slave law, which said that all persons must help to catch fugitive slaves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Settles Texas/New Mexico border dispute </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>upset North because it allowed slavery above old Missouri Compromise line, basically negating the Missouri Compromise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners loved it for the same reason </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not solve slavery issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caused sectional tensions </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Uncle Tom’s Cabin <ul><li>When: 1852 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, who had never been to the South </li></ul><ul><li>Where: North </li></ul><ul><li>What: Fictional book about slavery in South </li></ul>
  11. 11. Uncle Tom’s Cabin <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turned slavery from a political issue to a moral issue! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enraged & disgusted Northerners about slavery & the South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enraged Southerners who felt it was an unfair description of slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caused sectional tensions to heat up even more </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>When:1854 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Where: Kansas-Nebraska territory </li></ul><ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>law that repealed Missouri Compromise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>split the Nebraska territory into 2 separate territories, Kansas and Nebraska </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>declared issue of slavery in Kansas and Nebraska territories would be left to residents ( popular sovereignty ) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloody Kansas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Violence broke out in Kansas in the late 1850’s between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually 2 separate gvn’ts were elected in Kansas, one pro, one con of slavery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was a warm-up exercise for the coming Civil War </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Dred Scott Decision <ul><li>When: 1857 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Where: Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court case that decided slaves did not have the rights of citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled Congress could not forbid slavery in the territories, making Missouri Compromise unconstitutional </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Dred Scott Decision <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opened slavery to new territories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South loved it, but North hated it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectional tensions escalated. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Lincoln-Douglas Debates <ul><li>When: 1858 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas </li></ul><ul><li>Where: Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Series of debates between Stephen Douglas & Abraham Lincoln during 1858 senatorial election campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused on issue of slavery </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Lincoln-Douglas Debates <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln got Douglas to admit that popular sovereignty could be used to prevent the expansion of slavery into territories, which lost Douglas the support of the South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South became aware of Lincoln’s views. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. John Brown’s Raid <ul><li>When: 1859 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: John Brown, an abolitionist </li></ul><ul><li>Where: Harper’s Ferry, Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tried to capture arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, and begin slave revolt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was captured and hung </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. John Brown’s Raid <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made a martyr for Union (North) and abolitionist cause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners horrified/disgusted by North’s outright support of Brown’s actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sectional tension intensified </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Election of 1860 <ul><li>When: 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Lincoln, Douglas, Bell, Breckinridge </li></ul><ul><li>Where: United States </li></ul><ul><li>What: Lincoln (viewed by the South as an abolitionist) was elected president </li></ul>
  21. 21. Election of 1860 <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed split in the nation over slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern states seceded after hearing of Lincoln’s win </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feared they would lose slavery under his rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caused North to take military measures to keep Union together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set stage for Fort Sumter attack and start of war. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Southern Secession <ul><li>When: 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>Who/Where: Southern States </li></ul><ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern withdrawal from the Union that was not allowed by President Lincoln </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Southern Secession <ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He would go to war to preserve the Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The South would go to war to remain out of the Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That is exactly what occurred </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Bombardment of Fort Sumter <ul><li>When: 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Southerners </li></ul><ul><li>Where: Port in S.C. </li></ul><ul><li>What: Confederate forces attacked Union naval fort </li></ul>
  25. 25. Bombardment of Fort Sumter <ul><li>Effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These first shots essentially started the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confederate capture of fort means the Confederates have the momentum </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Sectional Tension <ul><li>The people in the Northern states and Southern states became more and more politically, socially, and economically divided. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Sectional Tension <ul><li>The cotton gin caused the Southern states to follow its agricultural ways, while the Northern states became more industrialized (they could not grow cotton in the North - too cold) </li></ul><ul><li>Northern and Southern states found it increasingly difficult to relate to one another, especially when it came to the topic of slavery </li></ul><ul><li>They began to see themselves as separate “sections” of the nation - sections which had very little in common </li></ul>
  28. 28. Sectional Tension <ul><li>Several compromises were attempted by both sides to try and overcome the problems between them regarding the slavery issue </li></ul><ul><li>All compromises eventually failed </li></ul><ul><li>The result would be the build-up of sectional tensions which would eventually lead to war </li></ul>