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Instructional Design Principles
 

Instructional Design Principles

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Workshop first delivered in January 2007

Workshop first delivered in January 2007

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    Instructional Design Principles Instructional Design Principles Presentation Transcript

    • INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN — HOW DOES IT HELP? Jinsong Zhang April 29, 2008
    • TOPICS  Instructional System Design  Instructional Design Process: ADDIE  Instructional Design Principles  Chickering & Gamson’s Seven Principles  Other Instructional Design ModelsTOPICS 2
    • IDT: WHAT IS IT?  Instructional Design  Instructional system development  Systematic planning  Instructional Technology  Instructional Media  Theory and practice of design, development, utilization, management and evaluation of processes and resources for learningWhat is IDT? 3
    • ADDIE: INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN PROCESS Analysis Design Development Implementation EvaluationADDIE 4
    • ANALYSIS: PROCESS & PRINCIPLES  Determine instructional goal  Tasks  Need assessment  Task analysis  Learner characteristic analysis  Learning context analysisAnalysis 5
    • ANALYSIS: PROCESS & PRINCIPLES  Learner Analysis  Learner characteristics, intellectual skills  Subject knowledge level  Purpose of taking the course  Instructional Analysis  Suitability of a course for a particular instructional media  Areas of knowledge and skillsAnalysis 6
    • DESIGN: PROCESS & PRINCIPLES  How contents are to be learned  Tasks  Write learning objectives  Develop test items  Identify resources  Plan instructionDesign 7
    • DESIGN: PROCESS & PRINCIPLES  Learning goals & objectives  Clear and measurable [Examples]  Communicated to the learner  Instructional & learning activities  Goals & objectives of the course  Frequent and meaningful interactions  Content sequence & structure  For learners to achieve the goals  Copyright Issues [Move On]Design 8
    • DEVELOPMENT: PROCESS & PRINCIPLES  Authoring and producing materials  Tasks  Develop workbook, flowchart  Storyboard or script  Develop exercise  Tabletop reviewDevelopment 11
    • DEVELOPMENT: PROCESS & PRINCIPLES  Content materials  Support performance objectives  Reviewed to ensure completeness and accuracy  Face-to-face vs. online  Manageable chunks  Media and technology use  Consider the constrains  Student technology competence  PowerPoint, Images, Video, AudioDevelopment 12
    • IMPLEMENTATION: PROCESS & PRINCIPLES  Implementation: install the project  Tasks  Teacher training  Try outImplementation 13
    • SEVEN PRINCIPLES 1. Contact between students and faculty* 2. Cooperation among students* 3. Active learning 4. Prompt feedback 5. Time on task 6. High expectations§ 7. Diverse talents and ways of learning * least endorsed online § most endorsedImplementation 14
    • EVALUATION: PROCESS & PRINCIPLES  Evaluation: determine the adequacy of the instruction  Tasks  Interprettest results  Survey graduates  Revision activitiesEvaluation 15
    • EVALUATION: PROCESS & PRINCIPLES  Carefully planned evaluation methods and procedures  Student learning evaluation linked to objectives  Course evaluation content linked to course objectivesEvaluation 16
    • DICK CARRY MODEL Revise Instruction Conduct Instruct. Analysis Develop & Write Develop Develop & Identify Instruct. Develop Instruct. Conduct Performance Criterion- Select Instruct Goals Strategy Formative Objectives Reference Tests Materials Evaluation Develop & Identify Entry Conduct Behaviors Summative EvaluationDICK CARRY MODEL 17
    • KEMP MODEL Planning Revision Instructional Instructional Problems Learner Summative Evaluation Resources Characteristics Support Services Evaluation Instruments Task Analysis Instructional Instructional Delivery Objectives Instructional Content Strategies Sequencing Formative Evaluation Project ManagementKEMP MODEL 18
    • AIR FORCE MODEL CONSTRAINTS Analyze System Define Education/ Develop Objectives and Requirements Training Requirements Tests 1 2 3 Feedback and Interaction 5 4 Conduct and Evaluate Plan, Develop, and Instruction Validate Instruction CONSTRAINTSAIR FORCE MODEL 19
    • SUMMARY  Instructional System Design  Instructional Design Process: ADDIE  Instructional Design Principles  Chickering & Gamson’s Seven Principles  Other Instructional Design ModelsSUMMARY 20
    • questions… Questions… Questions… questions Questions questions Questions… Questions… questions… Questions Questions… questions Questions… Questions… Questions… Questions…Questionquestion Questions… questions… Questions questions Questions… Questions… Questions… questions… questions Questions… question? 21