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Rethinking Gagnes Nine Steps of Instructional Design


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Using Gagnè's nine steps of instructions with instructional design, but with a more learner-centered approach.

Published in: Education, Technology

Rethinking Gagnes Nine Steps of Instructional Design

  1. 2. “ My department needs help, we keep repeating the same mistakes over and over…”
  2. 3. “ Have you thought About implementing an After Action Review Process? It’s very good at capturing ‘ Lessons Learned!’”
  3. 4. “ I’m going to use Gagnè's nine steps of instructions during my design, but with a more learner-centered approach”
  4. 5. <ul><li>Before they even come to class, the learner’s manager discusses the need for it and what he expects upon their return </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>In turn, the learners discuss what they need to learn and be able to perform </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>They negotiate what their take-a-ways will be, thus they are ‘pre-framed’ before they even enter the learning environment </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>And rather than telling them what an ‘After Action Review’ (AAR) and ‘Lessons Learned’ are </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>They are going to tell me what it means to them </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Rather than reading them a predetermined objective </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>They are going to tell me what they need in order to implement the AAR process </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Rather than me telling them what we learned in the past </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>They are going to tell me how their experiences will help them and where it falls short </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>I am going to present some material; however, it’s a case study </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>And they are going to have to read and discuses this example and then they are going to have to produce the information </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Depending upon their skill level, I may have to provide some ‘leading questions’ to make it a guided discovery rather than an exploratory activity </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>After they complete their case study </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>We will compare their solutions to the Army’s After Action Review solution </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>In the first activity the model or example (case study) was produced for them and they extracted the required information from it </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Now that they have the information to do it, they will produce a model or example by each of them actually leading an AAR session </li></ul>
  20. 21. Thus we had them produce the information or content, then we had them produce the supporting model or example This is essential for ‘whole task’ practice so they will be able to perform when they return to their jobs
  21. 22. <ul><li>This allows them to be producers of their own learning, rather than just consumers </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>An accomplished performer will monitor their performance </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>And provide constructive feedback </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>When they return to their job, their manager will ensure they get to put their new skills to work </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>He will also let them know how they are performing </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>We will provide a wiki to drop their documents into that were produced during the AAR sessions so that others can learn from them </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>We will set them up on Yammer, a micro blogging tool similar to Twitter, so they can tweet what they have learned, and point others towards the wiki if they are facing similar challenges </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>In addition, we will do a group blog in order to have longer and more in depth discussions </li></ul>
  29. 30. “ Yes Gagnè's nine steps of instructions is still valid after more than a decade!”