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  • 1. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Participatory Planning for Intensive Learning Session Tomoko Abe JICA Study Team 2007/07/25
  • 2. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Topics1. Importance and Necessity of “Participatory Planning”2. Visioning Approaches Step 1: Issue finding Step 2: Visioning Step 3: Planning Step 4: Taking actions3. Introduction of Participatory Planning4. Conclusion
  • 3. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy 1. Importance and Necessity of “Participatory Planning”What is “participatory planning”? Facilitation with Town walking participatory tools Information tools (website, newsletter, etc.) Interview survey Discussion with residents
  • 4. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Why is the “participatory planning“ necessary? • To involve main actors/ players for urban planning • To share the common “Vision” for future city • To strengthen empowerment of people  Need to define the levels of participation up to objectives/ targets/ scales of planning Local level Involvement of planning and National/ Ownership managementregional level and Understanding Responsibility and AwarenessOpportunity for participation
  • 5. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy 2. Visioning ApproachesWhat is “Visioning”? 1) Issues 2) Vision 3) Plan 4) Action“Where are “Vision and “Where we “How to get we now?” goals” want to be” there?”
  • 6. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy How can people be participated in the planning process? 1) Issues 2) Vision 3) Plan 4) Action1) To identify and understand problems, constraints, values, and potentials2) To share common image of city/ area (economically, socially, ecologically, culturally, aesthetically)3) To develop future plans which embody visions/ images physically and visually4) To identify feasible projects/ measures with time framework, financial capacity and human resources
  • 7. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market EconomyStep 1: Issue findingTo identify and understand problems, constraints, values, and potentials(1) Secondary data (statistics, existing plans/ projects, reports)(2) Town watching (simple evaluation with “good-bad”, “like-dislike”, “preserve-improve” markings on map)(3) Interview (residents, government leaders, elderly/ children, academe)(4) Analysis and Evaluation
  • 8. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy (4) Analysis and Evaluation Subjective indicators Objective indicators• Living condition • Population• Economic condition • Urban/ housing development• National condition • Land use• Transport • Openspace/ greenery• Townscape • Facility development (road,• Safety/ disaster prevention public transport, public/• Culture/ tradition commercial facilities, etc.)
  • 9. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market EconomyExample of participatory toolsfor “Issue finding”Image map“Photo voice” shooting photos by residents Photo simulation
  • 10. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Step 2: Visioning To share common image of city/ area (economically, socially, ecologically, culturally, aesthetically) Regional scale City scale Local scale• Role of city in region • Image of city • Living condition/ housing• Integration of region • Quality of life • Social welfare• Distribution of population • Competitiveness • Convenience and urban function …etc. • Environment … etc. • Culture/ tradition … etc.
  • 11. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Examples of Visioning for Hanoi City Master Plan in Vietnam Vision“Hanoi must be built as a modern and thriving capital city, symbolizing the whole country, andfunctioning as a national and regional center for policy, culture, science, technology,education, economy, and international trade.” (Order No.1/ 2001/L-CTN) Goals To enhance the city’s identity and image, which must be shared by the public. To ensure socio-cultural and natural environment sustainability. To ensure that socio-economic activities can be conveniently carried out and good living conditions can be experienced by all. Objectives To boost industrialization, modernization, and international as well as regional integration. To promote economic, social, and cultural development in a comprehensive and sustainable manner. To stabilize local security and political conditions. To accelerate infrastructure and superstructure development. To improve the people’s living conditions.
  • 12. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Basic Strategies  Establish a spatial backbone comprising “water,” “greeneries,” and “culture.”  Develop public transportation-oriented urban areas.  Upgrade and revitalize existing built-up areas in the urban core and fringes.  Develop modern and competitive new urban centers to attract diversified quality investments  Develop efficient infrastructure and services.  Prepare effective disaster prevention measures.  Strengthen institutions for effective and accountable urban management. Policies Hanoi’s Role in Nation and Region Housing and Living Conditions Population and Urban Growth Management Environment Economic Development and Quality of Life Urban Design and Landscape Urban Water and Sanitation Special Areas Transportation Implementation and Management People’s Image of the Future Hanoi*20%15% * Opinions of 20,000 household heads.10% 5% 0% Clean Developed Strong culture Harmonious Scientific / Secure water /heritage high-tech Modern Peaceful Green Friendly International/ supply
  • 13. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Step 3: Planning To develop future plans which embody visions/ images physically and visually• City: control of urbanization, land use, urban facilities, etc. Statutory urban• District: land use, building use/ planning system design, public facilities, etc.• Local: color/ shape of buildings, commercial activities, community Voluntary activities, etc. regulation
  • 14. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market EconomyCity level: Urban PlanningArea Rural / Forest Area Urban Planning Area Boundary Urbanization Control Area Urban Growth Boundary Urbanization Promotion Area
  • 15. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market EconomyDistrict Plan• Land use• Building designs• Public facilities District Plan of Mano Area, Kobe City
  • 16. 2. Visioning Approaches The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Step 3: PlanningPlanning of local/ community level Shared Image: “Develop a attractive townscape with unified design and greenery.” Plans Measures • Control building height • District plan • Prohibit segmentation of land • Building agreement • Control building use except for • Voluntary regulations/ rules low-rise houses • Agreement for green conservation • Conserve green • Voluntary activities by community Regulation of building height Unified shop roofs
  • 17. 2. Visioning Approaches The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Step 4: Taking Actions To identify feasible projects/ measures with time framework, financial capacity and human resources Vision/ Plans Organization/ Legal Implementatio Finance human framework n schedule resource Local level• Community • Community fund • Community leaders/ • Short-mid-long term Based • Tax revenue groups project lists Organization • Donation • Local governments • Regular events• Voluntary • NGOs regulations • Consultants/ experts
  • 18. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy 3. Introduction of Participatory Planning – Ancient Quarter Pilot Project in Hanoi, Vietnam –Net population density:Ancient Quarter: 603per/haAverage of Hanoi: 36per/ha
  • 19. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market EconomyBasic Approaches of the Pilot Project– Key aspects for sustainability -• Cultural Sustainability • Residents• Social Sustainability • Citizens of Hanoi• Economic Sustainability • National/ Global Communities Economic Proposal on Pilot Project to Socio- Physical- Economic AQ Economic work out feasible sustainable Value development mechanism for Social Socio- Physical short-term implementation Physical Cultural
  • 20. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Presentation Preliminary Study Confirm Work Plan 1st S/H Meeting • initial findings Response, • orientations Input Supplemental Survey Validate Issues • needs of the people Group Discussions • planning agenda Planning (1) Discuss Solutions 2nd S/H Meeting • alternative strategies • proposed actions Discuss Block/Street M/P Planning (2) • long-term vision/ strategies Group Discussions • short-term plans • select priority action(s) Planning (3) Implement Priority Local Counterpart Action(s) Joint work Team (residents, S/H) 3rd S/H Meeting Evaluation Criteria Evaluation RECCOMENDATIONSProject Flowchart • Feedback to AQ development strategy
  • 21. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market EconomyParticipation of Stakeholders• Consensus and support from stakeholders through – participation to Stakeholder Meetings for discussion, idea contribution, and common understanding – Participation to Local Working Groups for field surveys and Focus Group Discussions as requested – approval and support for field survey implementation – sharing information• Some stakeholders directly participate in activities of the project – Communal authorities – Leaders of residents in the selected block – Residents
  • 22. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market EconomyField Survey and Planning by Local Working Group Organize a local Formulate a vision, Evaluate current Conduct priority action working group strategies, and action situation using various plans to consolidate composed of local plans and select participatory methods implementation governments and priority actions to and tools mechanism leaders of residents implementFaçade Photo Shooting Living condition Assessment Others 30.6% Space Sunligh 45.3% t 7.8% Air flow 16.3% Dissatisfaction factors
  • 23. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy“Photo Voice” Survey for Preservation ofValues participants (various ages, Select gender, occupations) Set up themes for photo shooting and training Photo shooting by residents Photo Voice Exhibition Shoot Interview and photos analyze Commercial cultural space Rural characteristics Identify values and issues Gather public opinion to elaborate proposals Lifestyle and local practices Awareness of origin
  • 24. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Proposed Vision of the Ancient Quarter AQ will be the most significant traditional commercial and trade quarter enriched with exquisite blend of cultural, social, economic and living functions for the city as well as Vietnam
  • 25. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market EconomyProposed Model Block Hang Buom Street will be a traditionalPlan commercial street Original tube houses will be renovated and preserved Inner courtyards provide better Birdseye View of the Block living conditions and community network. Mid-rise buildings can be built away from streets Quang Lac Theater is a Proposed traditional traditional asset that façade streets needs to be revitalized.
  • 26. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market EconomyImplementation of selected Action Plans at Street level Residential meeting for Presentation by a residential Food event to promote housing improvement leader traditional foods Unification of pent roofs of Traditional festival Information board of a shops traditional temple
  • 27. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy 4. ConclusionIf you are the governmental officials/ planners, pleaseconsider the items below for participatory planning; Level of Measures for participation •Participatory tool selection Timing of •Application for planning participation •Replication to other areas Scale of Stakeholders selection participation •Citizens/ community /residents •Governments •Private sectors •Academe •Donors, NGOs
  • 28. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Key for Success• Pride of community, place, tradition, identity• Strong leadership• Relationship of trust• Awareness of issues• Anticipation for future improvementHow about the case in Ulaanbaatar City ?Please tell us your experiences of trials anderrors, expectations for participatory planning. Thank you for your attention !

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