The integrated approach to urban
development in EU regional policy
Corinne Hermant-de Callataÿ
Competence centre for urban...
1.
Initial milestones and
next steps
ERDF support to urban development
• Urban Pilot Projects (1989-99)
• The URBAN I Community initiative (1994-1999)
• The UR...
The URBAN experience
 Following principles:
 The integrated approach
 Time focus
 “Spatial” focus: specific areas
 In...
Programme (Management)
The integrated
approach
Average
40%
on “hard”
investments
Urban
Regeneration
Skills devt
Education
...
The urban dimension
of next cohesion policy (2014-2020)
(1)
• 5% minimum to be earmarked for sustainable
urban development...
The urban dimension
of next cohesion policy (2014-2020)
(2)
New instruments
• Integrated Territorial Investment
• Communit...
2.
The various dimensions
of integration
Working Working with …
La coopération horizontale conflictuelle
(depuis la fin du 19ème
siècle)
Fragmented
Territories
Hor...
La coopération conflictuelle verticale
(depuis la fin des années 60)
Hierarchic approach
Specialised approach
«Feuilleté»
...
La coopération conflictuelle transversale
(depuis les années 90)
Sectorial approach
Silo approach
intersectorial Cooperati...
… entre gouvernement et gouvernance
Villes
Etat
Régions
Européen
Quartier
Métropolitain
Macro-régional
Transfrontalier
Nou...
Organisations fonctionnelles
Contourner les rigidités et construire des réformes
Hier
Territoires polarisés
Organisation
f...
WORKING WITH on the basis of:
Shared diagnosis
A long-term vision
(ref: ‘Cities of tomorrow’ report)
http://ec.europa.eu/r...
Transform risks
in opportunities
Source: Tova Svanfeldt
An example of shared diagnosis
Awhile addressing interrelations between challenges
recognising and overcoming contradictions
Photos: Ivan Tosics
A long-t...
3.
Examples of 50 ERDF-funded
urban development
in 2007-2013
Results and recommendations
The Commission has
published a study on
European Regional
Development Fund projects.
'Urban development in the
EU' present...
Article 8 of the ERDF regulation (2007-
2013)
Sustainable urban development
[…] the ERDF may, where appropriate,
support t...
These strategies shall promote sustainable urban
development
through activities such as:
• strengthening economic growth,
...
Results of projects
under the "integrated approach"
• Under Article 8, up to 15% of project can be used for ESF-
type acti...
Recommendations 1
• Build national integrated urban policies to serve as a
framework for supporting cities to implement
in...
Recommendations 2
• Deeper evaluation of short and long-term
impacts of integrated approaches are needed.
• How much were ...
Thank you for your attention!
• corinne.hermant@ec.europa.eu
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The integrated approach to urban development in EU

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Presentation delivered by Corinne Hermant-de Callataÿ -
Competence centre for urban and territorial development, Directorate-General "Regional and urban policy"
European Commission.
URBACT Pilot training scheme - Brussels 9/4/2013

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  • Challenges do not respect administrative borders they need to be formulated to concur with our overall objective of sustainable territorial development with liveable cities all across Europe Challenges cannot be addressed individually their interrelations and contradictions need to be properly understood The administrative city needs to be complemented by a flexible functional geography / urbanised space Multi-scalar governance as a key challenge
  • in terms of policy management, integration is about organising and coordinating the policy fields in a specific area including the formation of partnership and promoting citizen participation (horizontal integration) In terms of governance, integration is about bringin together vertical policies from different levels of government (vertical integration) In terms of geography it can be used to addess the issue of sustainable urban development at different scales, such as neighborhood, municipality or city region in a coordinated way. FR: The Politique de la ville national programme focuses on disadvantaged neighborhoods with the overall aim of reducing inequalities. The sensitive urban areas are identified on national level. Complex partnerships have been designed in the strict national governance scheme which is designed to deliver integrated planning for urban renewal. In Germany, the Sociale Stadt programme takes a similar approach to delivering a scheme for the integrated regneration of disadvantaged nareas at national level, by providing planning t oolds and a legal framework for integrated intervention. However, despite the national framework, the selection of the areas followed a particular process based on the needs of the municipality. In Spain, the Iniciativa Urbana governance scheme is based on a direct relationship between the national and the municipal level, whereby cities apply for block grants. Many EU countries make no attempt to develop national integrated urban policies. Hungary is an interesting case, because it developed a national integrated policy framework on the bases of EU funding.
  • The integrated approach to urban development in EU

    1. 1. The integrated approach to urban development in EU regional policy Corinne Hermant-de Callataÿ Competence centre for urban and territorial development, Directorate-General "Regional and urban policy" European Commission URBACT Pilot training scheme - Brussels 9/4/2013
    2. 2. 1. Initial milestones and next steps
    3. 3. ERDF support to urban development • Urban Pilot Projects (1989-99) • The URBAN I Community initiative (1994-1999) • The URBAN II Community Initiative (2000-2006) • The mainstreaming of URBAN in Operational Programmes
    4. 4. The URBAN experience  Following principles:  The integrated approach  Time focus  “Spatial” focus: specific areas  Initial focus on urban regeneration and on addressing socially-deprived areas
    5. 5. Programme (Management) The integrated approach Average 40% on “hard” investments Urban Regeneration Skills devt Education Training Sustainable environment Mobility Transport Financial Engineering Social inclusion Safety Socio- Economic Development Culture Urban dimensions Good governance – Social participation Collaborative networks
    6. 6. The urban dimension of next cohesion policy (2014-2020) (1) • 5% minimum to be earmarked for sustainable urban development • Urban innovative actions (330 million euros) • An Urban Development Platform/Network, which would complement URBACT activities. • The urban dimension of sectoral investments (clean urban transport, urban environment, etc.)
    7. 7. The urban dimension of next cohesion policy (2014-2020) (2) New instruments • Integrated Territorial Investment • Community-Led Local Development Other instruments • Reference Framework for Sustainable Cities www.rfsc.eu • Urban Atlas / urban audit
    8. 8. 2. The various dimensions of integration
    9. 9. Working Working with … La coopération horizontale conflictuelle (depuis la fin du 19ème siècle) Fragmented Territories Horizontal cooperation Cooperation between local authorities and territorial actors Métropole intégrée, pôle métropolitain, région rurbaine, Groupement européen de coopération territoriale GECT Pôle métropolitain Source: Claude JACQUIER
    10. 10. La coopération conflictuelle verticale (depuis la fin des années 60) Hierarchic approach Specialised approach «Feuilleté» Cooperation between levels Subsidiarity Multi-levels contracts Working Working with Source: Claude JACQUIER
    11. 11. La coopération conflictuelle transversale (depuis les années 90) Sectorial approach Silo approach intersectorial Cooperation Transversal approach Partnership Des trois coopérations, la plus difficile à mettre en œuvre : confrontation de diverses identités professionnelles et culturelles, mais aussi de routines, de corporatismes et de bureaucraties. Working Working with … Source: Claude JACQUIER
    12. 12. … entre gouvernement et gouvernance Villes Etat Régions Européen Quartier Métropolitain Macro-régional Transfrontalier Nouveaux niveauxNiveaux traditionnels Adapté de Claude Jacquier, 2010
    13. 13. Organisations fonctionnelles Contourner les rigidités et construire des réformes Hier Territoires polarisés Organisation fonctionnelle Politiques "Hardware" Etat central Province Commune Maintenant et peut-être dans le futur Transition Vecteurs Développement intégré soutenable Opérateurs de transition Politiques Integrées Politiques cohésion sociale SDEC, Agenda 21 PIC URBAN, INTERREG Politiques régionales DOCUP, PO Interreg Politiques nationales (Programmes Grandes villes Politique de la ville, Soziale Stadt, ...) PIC Urban, Agenda 21 Programmes locaux de développement Demain Territoires homogènes Organisation stratégique Politiques "Software" Union européenne Régions transfrontalières Régions nationales Régions rurbaines Aires métropolitaines Communautés de base Source: Claude JACQUIER
    14. 14. WORKING WITH on the basis of: Shared diagnosis A long-term vision (ref: ‘Cities of tomorrow’ report) http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/conferences/citiesoftomorrow/ind In addition
    15. 15. Transform risks in opportunities Source: Tova Svanfeldt An example of shared diagnosis
    16. 16. Awhile addressing interrelations between challenges recognising and overcoming contradictions Photos: Ivan Tosics A long-term vision
    17. 17. 3. Examples of 50 ERDF-funded urban development in 2007-2013 Results and recommendations
    18. 18. The Commission has published a study on European Regional Development Fund projects. 'Urban development in the EU' presents 50 projects which received ERDF investment. It offers an information package for selected cities, with detailed information on projects and results there. http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/ac
    19. 19. Article 8 of the ERDF regulation (2007- 2013) Sustainable urban development […] the ERDF may, where appropriate, support the development of participative, integrated and sustainable strategies to tackle the high concentration of economic, environmental and social problems affecting urban areas.
    20. 20. These strategies shall promote sustainable urban development through activities such as: • strengthening economic growth, • the rehabilitation of the physical environment, • brownfield redevelopment, • the preservation and development of natural and cultural heritage, • the promotion of entrepreneurship, • local employment and community development, • and the provision of services to the population taking account of changing demographic structures. […]
    21. 21. Results of projects under the "integrated approach" • Under Article 8, up to 15% of project can be used for ESF- type actions. However, cross-financing opportunity has been adopted only occasionally. • Integration takes mainly two forms: • horizontal, which brings together policies in an area, • vertical, which brings together different levels of government • Importance of national policies and programmes: integrated approaches can impact more efficiently on cities where issues of local deprivation are related to political, economic, social and environmental dynamics at higher governance levels.
    22. 22. Recommendations 1 • Build national integrated urban policies to serve as a framework for supporting cities to implement integrated urban development strategies • Managing authorities can make a major contribution by setting requirements for enhancing integration of policies at all levels • Facilitate cross-sectoral planning for the use of resources from different funds and programmes on local level
    23. 23. Recommendations 2 • Deeper evaluation of short and long-term impacts of integrated approaches are needed. • How much were the life chances of residents improved? • Did the project succeeded in reducing inequalities? • Were these problems displaced elsewhere in the city?
    24. 24. Thank you for your attention! • corinne.hermant@ec.europa.eu

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