•THE BISHNOI IS A NON VIOLENT COMMUNITY OF
NATURE WORSHIPPERS OF RAJASTHAN IN WESTERN
•FOUNDED BY GURU JAMBHESHWAR BEFORE 1451
AFTER A DRAUGHT IN THE MARWAR REGION OF
•THE GURU DIRECTED THE WORSHIP OF LORD VISHNU
,THUS THE SECT IS CALLED VISHNOI OR BISHNOI.
•THE BISHNOIS FOLLOW 29 PRINCIPLES GIVEN
BY GURU JAMBHESHWAR WHICH WERE NOT
ONLY TAILORED TO CONSERVE BIODIVERSITY OF THE AREA BUT ALSO ENSURED
ECO- FRIENDLY SOCIAL LIFE.
•BISHNOIS ARE STRONG
LOVERS OF WILD ANIMALS
•ANIMALS ARE PROTECTED IN
BISHNOI –DOMINATED AREAS
•BISHNOI COMMUNITY HAS
LAUNCHED STRONG PROTESTS
AGAINST THE KILLING OF
BLACK BUCKS BY SALMAN KHAN
AND MANSUR ALI KHAN
•IN 1731 AMRITA DEVI ,A
BISHNOI WOMAN WHO ALONG
WITH MORE THAN 363 OTHER
BISHNOIS DIED SAVING THE
•ALL KILLED WERE BURRIED IN
KHEJRALI VILLAGE NEAR
•IN SEP, THEY COMMEMORATE
THE EXTREME SACRIFICE MADE
BY THEIR PEOPLE.
•GOVT OF INDIA RECENTLY
INSTITUTED AN “AMRITA DEVI
BISHNOI NATIONAL AWARD FOR
WILDLIFE CONSERVATION” IN
THE MEMORY OF AMRITA DEVI.
Chipko means tree hugging or “embrace” as
the villagers hug the trees.
The movement is best known for its tactic
of hugging trees to prevent them being cut
down and to prevent commercial timber
Gopeshwar in District Chamoli. Uttaranchal
First Chipko action March 1974 in Reni
Locally it is called as Angwal.
THE SPREADING OF MOVEMENT
Government's decision to allot forest
trees to a sports goods company.
The local residents in Gopeshwar were
denied the similar demand of getting
few trees, required for making farm
Organized rallies to protect the
forest from mass destruction.
Idea of Chipko Movement originated.
Sunder Lal Bahuguna
Enlightened the country and out world
about the movement, its success and
Padmabhushan winner for his
contribution in the movement.
SUCCESS OF CHIPKO
•This movement has spread to many
states in the country.
•It stopped felling of trees in the
Western Ghats and the Vindhyas
•More than 1,00,000 trees have
been saved from excavation
•By 1981, over a million trees had
been planted through their efforts.
What is Wildlife Conservation?
Wildlife conservation is the practice of
protecting endangered plant and animal
species and their habitats. Among the goals of
wildlife conservation are to ensure that nature
will be around for future generations to enjoy
and to recognize the importance of wildlife and
wilderness lands to humans.
WHY SHOULD WE CONSERVE
• It is necessary to conserve wildlife
because it results in undesirable
consequences for the whole ecosystem.
• Conservation preserves the ecological
diversity and our life support systems.
• It also helps in the preservation of the
genetic diversity of plants and animals for
better growth of species and breeding.
• The destruction of forests and wildlife is
not just a biological issue. The biological
loss is strongly correlated with the loss
of cultural diversity.
HOW CAN WE HELP?
• Laws should be made to impose a total ban on poaching or capturing
of any animal or bird belonging to an endangered species.
• The natural habitats of wild animals and birds should be preserved
by establishing National parks and Sanctuaries throughout the
• The Government department connected with the conservation of
wildlife should conduct a periodic survey in all the forests.
• The unauthorized felling of forest trees for timber trade and fuelwood should be curbed immediately.
Increased understanding about the world’s
current wildlife situation and an increased
emphasis on education will give future
generations an opportunity to experience
nature to its fullest extent
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