Wildlife sanctuaries and National Park in India


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The Sanctuaries and Parks present a different corners of India , Shows Incredibility of the nation.

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Wildlife sanctuaries and National Park in India

  1. 1. WILDLIFE CENTURIES & NATIONAL PARK Presentation by : Aditya Ranjan Aditya Ranjan
  2. 2. Wildlife Sancturies • wildlife sanctuary, is a naturally occurring sanctuary, such as an island, that provides protection for species from hunting predation or competition. • An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas, has defined “Wildlife Sanctuary" as its Category IV type of protected areas. • The sanctuaries are generally the safe havens, where the resident animals are given the opportunity to behave as naturally as possible in a protective environment and maintaining each animal until his or her natural death. Aditya Ranjan
  3. 3. Wildlife Sancturies • India's wildlife is rich and diverse, almost 4 % of India's land is under forests. • India has over 442 animal sanctuaries, referred to as Wildlife sanctuaries . • The wildlife sanctuaries in India are home to around two thousand different species of birds, 3500 species of mammals, nearly 30000 different kinds of insects and more than 15000 varieties of plants. • These sanctuaries and forest reserves are home to several endangered species of animals and birds like the Asiatic Elephant, the Royal Bengal tiger, the Snow Leopard and the Siberian Crane Aditya Ranjan
  4. 4. National Park • An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas, has defined "National Park" as its Category II type of protected areas. • “One or several ecosystems not materially altered by human exploitation and occupation, where plant and animal species, geomorphological sites and habitats are of special scientific, educational, and recreational interest or which contain a natural landscape of great beauty.” • According to the IUCN, there were 6,555 national parks worldwide in 2006 that meet its criteria. Aditya Ranjan
  5. 5. National Park • A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes. Often it is a reserve of natural, semi-natural, or developed land that a country declares or owns. • Although individual nations designate their own national parks differently, there is a common idea: the conservation of wild nature for posterity and as a symbol of national pride. • National Parks are almost always open to visitors. Most national parks provide outdoor recreation and camping opportunities as well as classes designed to educate the public on the importance to educate the public on the importance of the conservation and the natural wonders of Aditya Ranjan in which the national park is the land located.
  6. 6. National Park • The National Park in India helps us to know the unknown treasures of wildlife hidden in the sanctuaries all around India. • India's first national park was Jim Corbett National Park established in 1936. • There are more than 166 authorized national parks in India till date. • The forest and wild life sanctuary areas, which fall on the borders of states, are protected for security reasons. • There are five major national parks, which can help you get a closer encounter of any kind of wildlife. . Aditya Ranjan
  7. 7. Corbett National Park • Location : Uttarakhand. • India's one of the first and well-known national park for tigers. • The park had a large area, which is divided, into five zones. • First zone, Jhirna, is open to public all around the year and other zones are closed during monsoon. • The elephant safari's inside the park are exciting and gives a close and safe trip inside the dense forest . • the Dhikala zone is best spots to enjoy wildlife. Aditya Ranjan
  8. 8. Kanha National Park • Location : Madhya Pradesh. • It's a dense and rich area of bamboo forests . • It has beautiful lakes, running streams and wide grasslands. • It is a large park and known for research and conservation programs to preserve many endangered species like white tiger, hippopotamus. • The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, the sloth bear, Barasingha and Indian wild dog. Aditya Ranjan
  9. 9. Bandhavgarh National Park • Location : Madhya Pradesh. • It has highest population of tigers than any other parks in India. • It is best for its scenic surrounding, the dense and eye capturing valleys and beautiful rocky terrain and an ancient fort. • It is one of the best location to spot tigers and a variety of birds and wildlife. • The park has a large breeding population of leopards, and various species of deer. Aditya Ranjan
  10. 10. Ranthombore National Park • Location : Rajasthan. • It is located at the junction between the Aravali Hill ranges and the Vindhyan plateau. • It’s scenic surrounding guide you through the forest and 10th century fort amidst the cliffs. • It serves as a rich heritage of various plants and animals. • It has a huge number of tigers. • A good time to visit Ranthombore National Park is in November and May when the nature of the dry deciduous forests makes sightings common. Aditya Ranjan
  11. 11. Sunderban National Park • Location : West Bengal. • Sunderbans is a dense mangrove forest which is unique and magnificent place to visit. • It includes 54 island and extends to the near-by Bangladesh. • It is a wide swamp which can be explored only using boats. • Its a refuge for migrating birds and a reserve for rare and preserved wildlife . • It is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger. Aditya Ranjan
  12. 12. Kaziranga National Park • Location : Assam. • A World Heritage Site, the park hosts two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned Rhinoceroses. • Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility. • Kaziranga boasts the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world. • The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. Aditya Ranjan
  13. 13. Gir Forest National Park • Location : Gujarat. • Established in 1965, with a total area of 1412 km² (about 258 km² for the fully protected area (the national park) and 1153 km² for the Sanctuary). • It is the sole home of the Asiatic Lions and is considered to be one of the most important protected areas in Asia due to its supported species. • The ecosystem of Gir, with its diverse flora and fauna, is protected as a result of the efforts of the government forest department, wildlife activists and NGOs. Aditya Ranjan
  14. 14. Valmiki National Park • Location : Bihar. • Valmiki Tiger Reserve (VTR) is one of the natural virgin recesses in east India. • The pristine forest and wilderness of VTR is an excellent example of Himalayan Terai landscape. • The wild mammals found in the forest of VTR are tiger, Rhinoceros, Black bear, Leopard, Wild dog, wild buffalo, wild boar etc Aditya Ranjan
  15. 15. Bandipur National Park • Location : Karnataka. • A potential new UNESCO World Heritage Site. • A vital tiger preservation area, lies within the state of Karnataka and links with Mudumalai National Park in the state of Tamil Nadu. • Apart from tigers, the park features leopards, elephants, sloth bears, wild boars and wild dogs. Aditya Ranjan
  16. 16. Bannerghatta National Park • Location : Karnataka. • It is situated 22 km south of Bangalore • This place is home to one of the richest natural zoological reserves. • The country's first Butterfly Park was established in the Bannerghatta Biological Park. • Apart from tigers, the park features leopards, elephants, sloth bears, wild boars and wild dogs. Aditya Ranjan
  17. 17. Blackbuck National Park • Location : Gujarat. • It is situated 72 km from the district headquarter city of Bhavnagar. • It was primarily a "vidi" (grassland) of the Maharaja of the princely state of Bhavnagar. • Flat land, dry grasses and herds of antelopes have always attracted visitors to this park which has a unique grassland ecosystem. • Today, the largest population of Blackbuck, Wolf and Lesser Florican (a bustard) has been sustained in this park. Aditya Ranjan
  18. 18. Nokrek National Park • Location : Meghalaya. • UNESCO added this National park to its list of Biosphere Reserve. • Nokrek has a remnant population of the Red panda that has generated curiosity across the world. • The area is noted for its wild varieties of citrus fruits that provide a gene-pool for commercially produced citrus. • Siju Cave is located very close to the Napak Lake, is filled with water and is miles long. Aditya Ranjan
  19. 19. Betla National Park • Location : Jharkhand. • One of the first national parks in India to become a tiger reserve under Project Tiger . • Inside the park, there are waterfalls and hot springs, along with two historical forts. • Tigers, Sloth Bear, Panther, Wild Bear and Wolf are predators, and Jackal and hyena are common scavengers. Aditya Ranjan
  20. 20. THANKS TO EVERYONE Aditya Ranjan