Wildlife extinction has a large impact on our world that most people are not aware of. “it will take at least 5 million years for speciation to rebuild the biodiversity we are likely to destroy during this century!” (Sustaining Biodiversity) The instrumental value of some species should be taken into consideration. “Species provide economic value in the form of food crops, fuelwood and lumber, paper, and medicine” (Sustaining Biodiversity). The genetic information in species is also very important to mankind. The information is used to create new crop types, as well as food, medicines, and vaccines. The plants and animals of the earth are also important because of the recreational pleasure they provide us with. More people in America spend time watching wildlife than they do watching movies or sports. “Eco-tourism, generates at least $500 billion per year worldwide” (Sustaining Biodiversity) There are many ways wildlife extinction has an influence on the world.
ST. VINCENT PALLOTTI COLLEGE
OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
NAGPUR Vivek Kumar,
St. Vincent Pallotti College of Engineering
and Technology, Nagpur
The Constitution of India [Article-51-A (g)]
- Fundamental Duties
It shall be the duty of every citizen of India,
to protect and improve the natural environment
including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to
have compassion for living creatures.
In the world, 1072 animal species are considered endangered or
threatened; 748 plant species are listed as well.
Wildlife protection act started in 1972
Wildlife conservation is the protection of species and habitats of
The banning of hunting seasons for endangered or threatened
What is wildlife??
Causes of endangerment
Effects of wildlife depletion
Wildlife of India
Govt role in conservation of
Wildlife includes all non-
domesticated plants, animals and
Domesticating wild plant and
animal species for human benefit
has occurred many times all over
the planet, and has a major impact
on the environment, both positive
Wildlife can be found in all
ecosystems. Deserts, rain forests,
plains, and other areas including
the most developed urban sites,
all have distinct forms of wildlife.
While the term in popular culture
usually refers to animals that are
untouched by human factors, most
scientists agree that wildlife
around the world is impacted by
• Second most critical
There now 20%
less forest cover
existed 300 years ago
Extensive human demand resulted into Habitat
Rainforests are the main habitats
Tropical rainforests are cleared for
wood / timber resources
development of petroleum resources
for cash-crop plantations and subsistence
Poaching and hunting
Another major cause of animal species extinction.
Poaching and illegal trade in animals are US$2
billion to $3 billion
National and International Wildlife Trade
Body Parts Trade
T Trade for Biomedical Research
Bio-Diversity of India
Wildlife of India is a mix of species of diverse origins.
India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal
Home to about 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of avian,
6.2% of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species.
Tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western
Ghats, and Northeast India, coniferous forest of the
Himalaya. dry deciduous forest of central and southern
Glimpses of biodiversity
Taxonomic Group World
Mollusca 66535 5070 7.62
Pisces 21723 2546 11.72
Amphibia 5150 209 4.06
Reptilia 5817 456 7.84
Aves 9026 1232 13.66
Mammalia 4629 390 8.42
• India is one of the leading suppliers of the most coveted
wildlife products. Tigers, rhinos, birds, plants.
• India is strategically placed between the supplying and
• India is still plagued with illiteracy, poverty and millions still
live under the poverty line.
• India lives in the mindset that views animals as resources
that should be used, when in need.
• India has wildlife laws that are very stringent, but it does not
have means to enforce the same.
• Indians do not know that wildlife trespassing, trade and
trafficking instances are criminal activities and that it should be
• Strange but true, the protectors of wildlife and the custodians
of law are not familiar with the wildlife laws.
Some of the facts
The natural wealth of the India
Unique, mysterious and fascinating for nature lovers.
In Indian philosophy, life in any form is deemed pure and it
is advocated that compassion for all living creatures is
The tree has held a vital place in religious tradition,
symbolizing the myth of creation
The rich and fascinating variety of India's wildlife can be
seen in the 80 national parks, 440 sanctuaries and 23 tiger
reserves established by the Government of India.
India harbors 60% of the world's wild tiger population, 50%
of Asian elephants, 80% of the one-horned rhinoceros and
the entire remaining population of the Asiatic lion.
Wildlife of India
More than 500 species of
1,220 species of birds
1, 600 species of reptiles
57,000 species of insects
Possible extinction for
over 77 mammals, 72
bird species, 17 reptile
species, 3 amphibian
Large amount of
butterflies and beetles are
considered to be
Wildlife destructions in India
Over exploitation of forest
Illicit felling of trees
International wildlife trade
Nature against nature
Encroachment of villagers on forest
Global warming(30% of all species might vanish in coming
Unhealthy relations of Government and local population
Local hunting and poaching by villagers
Corruption of forest officials
Overcrowding is one of the major reasons for the depleting
population of wild animals in India.
Eco-tourism and adventure tourism.
Growth in vehicle pollution
Wildlife road fatalities
Damage of the natural habitat of birds and animals.
Increase in wildfires
Releasing of chemicals and other toxic effluents into the water
bodies has led to poisoning of the water.
ENDANGERED SPECIES OF ANIMALS
MAJESTIC ELEPHANTS THE INDIAN BISON HISPID HARE SNOW LEOPARD
SWAMP DEER BLUE WHALE DESERT CAT LEAF MONKEY
Govt role in conservation of wildlife
Wildlife protection act 1972
Project tiger 1972-73
Forest protection act 1980-88
A Anti poaching agencies
State wildlife dept
St State forest dept
Ministry of environment and forest
Army (IF APPLICABLE)
Border security force
Wildlife conservation society
Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation movement initiated in India in 1972
The project aims at tiger conservation in specially constituted tiger reserves
Creation of wildlife sanctuaries and reserves with mandatory fencing
Special task force be prepared for preservation of this supreme predator
No forestry operations carried out in core areas
Dept be provided with additional personal and wireless equipment with
an immediate effect
Rehabilitation of locals done outside the reserve forest with immediate
Immediate compensesation to villagers in case of kill made by tiger
Immediate seize of weapon license from villagers given before 1972
unless prescribed officially.
Increased understanding about the world’s
current wildlife situation and an increased
emphasis on education will give future
generations an opportunity to experience
nature to its fullest extent.
THANK YOUVivek Kumar,
St. Vincent Pallotti College of
Engineering and Technology, Nagpur