Wildlife Conservation
ST. VINCENT PALLOTTI COLLEGE
OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
NAGPUR Vivek Kumar,
St. Vincent Pallotti Co...
The Constitution of India [Article-51-A (g)]
- Fundamental Duties
It shall be the duty of every citizen of India,
to prote...
Wildlife Conservation
 In the world, 1072 animal species are considered endangered or
threatened; 748 plant species are l...
 Wildlife
Conservation
 What is wildlife??
 Causes of endangerment
 Effects of wildlife depletion
 Wildlife of India
...
What is Wildlife ??
 Wildlife includes all non-
domesticated plants, animals and
other organisms.
 Domesticating wild plant and
animal speci...
Habitat Destruction
• Second most critical
factor in
species extinction.
 There now 20%
less forest cover
than
existed 30...
Habitat Destruction
 Extensive human demand resulted into Habitat
Loss.
 Rainforests are the main habitats
 Tropical ra...
Poaching and hunting
 Another major cause of animal species extinction.
 Poaching and illegal trade in animals are US$2
...
National and International Wildlife Trade
 Pet Trade
 Fur Trade
 Meat Trade
 Body Parts Trade
 T Trade for Biomedical...
Arms
3
Wildlife
2
Narcotic
1
Arms
Narcotic
wildlife
More Factors
 Climate change / Global warming
 Disease
 Pollution
 Fires
 Natural disasters
 Introduced (Invasive) S...
Source : Wildlife protection
society of India
Effects of Wild Life Depletion
1) 1.Unbalance Food chain
and Ecosystem
2) Reduction in rare
Wild Animals
3) Danger to Human Life
4) Impact on Biodiversity
5) Loss of economic value
6) Loss genetic information
Wildlife
of india
Bio-Diversity of India
 Wildlife of India is a mix of species of diverse origins.
 India is home to a number of rare and...
Glimpses of biodiversity
Taxonomic Group World
species
Indian
species
% in
India
Mollusca 66535 5070 7.62
Pisces 21723 254...
• India is one of the leading suppliers of the most coveted
wildlife products. Tigers, rhinos, birds, plants.
• India is s...
The natural wealth of the India
 Unique, mysterious and fascinating for nature lovers.
 In Indian philosophy, life in an...
Wildlife of India
 PAST
 There were
 More than 500 species of
mammals
 1,220 species of birds
 1, 600 species of rept...
Wildlife destructions in India
 Over exploitation of forest
 Illicit felling of trees
 International wildlife trade
 N...
 Overcrowding is one of the major reasons for the depleting
population of wild animals in India.
 Eco-tourism and advent...
ENDANGERED SPECIES OF ANIMALS
MAJESTIC ELEPHANTS THE INDIAN BISON HISPID HARE SNOW LEOPARD
SWAMP DEER BLUE WHALE DESERT CA...
Wildlife Conservation
Govt role in conservation of wildlife
Wildlife protection act 1972
Project tiger 1972-73
Forest protection act 1980-88
A A...
PROJECT TIGER
 Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation movement initiated in India in 1972
 The project aims at tiger c...
 Creation of wildlife sanctuaries and reserves with mandatory fencing
 Special task force be prepared for preservation o...
How can I help?
STOP BUYING WILDLIFE PRODUCTS & CONSERVE NATURE
Conclusion
 Increased understanding about the world’s
current wildlife situation and an increased
emphasis on education w...
THANK YOUVivek Kumar,
St. Vincent Pallotti College of
Engineering and Technology, Nagpur
Wildlife conservation
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Wildlife conservation

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  • Hello dear My name is mariam nasrin, I know that this email will meet you in a good health and also surprisingly but God has his own way of bringing people together. Nice to Meet you I would appreciate if you can reply me back( mariamnasrin2@gmail.com ) So that i can explain you more about me. thank Yours mariam.
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  • Hello dear My name is mariam nasrin, I know that this email will meet you in a good health and also surprisingly but God has his own way of bringing people together. Nice to Meet you I would appreciate if you can reply me back( mariamnasrin2@gmail.com ) So that i can explain you more about me. thank Yours mariam.
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Wildlife conservation

  1. 1. Wildlife Conservation ST. VINCENT PALLOTTI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY NAGPUR Vivek Kumar, St. Vincent Pallotti College of Engineering and Technology, Nagpur
  2. 2. The Constitution of India [Article-51-A (g)] - Fundamental Duties It shall be the duty of every citizen of India, to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.
  3. 3. Wildlife Conservation  In the world, 1072 animal species are considered endangered or threatened; 748 plant species are listed as well.  Wildlife protection act started in 1972  Wildlife conservation is the protection of species and habitats of animals.  The banning of hunting seasons for endangered or threatened species.
  4. 4.  Wildlife Conservation  What is wildlife??  Causes of endangerment  Effects of wildlife depletion  Wildlife of India  Wildlife conservation  Govt role in conservation of wildlife  conclusion
  5. 5. What is Wildlife ??
  6. 6.  Wildlife includes all non- domesticated plants, animals and other organisms.  Domesticating wild plant and animal species for human benefit has occurred many times all over the planet, and has a major impact on the environment, both positive and negative.  Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems. Deserts, rain forests, plains, and other areas including the most developed urban sites, all have distinct forms of wildlife.  While the term in popular culture usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factors, most scientists agree that wildlife around the world is impacted by human activities.
  7. 7. Habitat Destruction • Second most critical factor in species extinction.  There now 20% less forest cover than existed 300 years ago
  8. 8. Habitat Destruction  Extensive human demand resulted into Habitat Loss.  Rainforests are the main habitats  Tropical rainforests are cleared for  wood / timber resources  development of petroleum resources  mineral resources  for cash-crop plantations and subsistence farming
  9. 9. Poaching and hunting  Another major cause of animal species extinction.  Poaching and illegal trade in animals are US$2 billion to $3 billion
  10. 10. National and International Wildlife Trade  Pet Trade  Fur Trade  Meat Trade  Body Parts Trade  T Trade for Biomedical Research
  11. 11. Arms 3 Wildlife 2 Narcotic 1 Arms Narcotic wildlife
  12. 12. More Factors  Climate change / Global warming  Disease  Pollution  Fires  Natural disasters  Introduced (Invasive) Species  Farmer / Rancher Shootings
  13. 13. Source : Wildlife protection society of India
  14. 14. Effects of Wild Life Depletion
  15. 15. 1) 1.Unbalance Food chain and Ecosystem 2) Reduction in rare Wild Animals
  16. 16. 3) Danger to Human Life 4) Impact on Biodiversity
  17. 17. 5) Loss of economic value 6) Loss genetic information
  18. 18. Wildlife of india
  19. 19. Bio-Diversity of India  Wildlife of India is a mix of species of diverse origins.  India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal species.  Home to about 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of avian, 6.2% of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species.  Tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India, coniferous forest of the Himalaya. dry deciduous forest of central and southern India.
  20. 20. Glimpses of biodiversity Taxonomic Group World species Indian species % in India Mollusca 66535 5070 7.62 Pisces 21723 2546 11.72 Amphibia 5150 209 4.06 Reptilia 5817 456 7.84 Aves 9026 1232 13.66 Mammalia 4629 390 8.42
  21. 21. • India is one of the leading suppliers of the most coveted wildlife products. Tigers, rhinos, birds, plants. • India is strategically placed between the supplying and buying countries. • India is still plagued with illiteracy, poverty and millions still live under the poverty line. • India lives in the mindset that views animals as resources that should be used, when in need. • India has wildlife laws that are very stringent, but it does not have means to enforce the same. • Indians do not know that wildlife trespassing, trade and trafficking instances are criminal activities and that it should be reported. • Strange but true, the protectors of wildlife and the custodians of law are not familiar with the wildlife laws. Some of the facts
  22. 22. The natural wealth of the India  Unique, mysterious and fascinating for nature lovers.  In Indian philosophy, life in any form is deemed pure and it is advocated that compassion for all living creatures is essential.  The tree has held a vital place in religious tradition, symbolizing the myth of creation  The rich and fascinating variety of India's wildlife can be seen in the 80 national parks, 440 sanctuaries and 23 tiger reserves established by the Government of India.  India harbors 60% of the world's wild tiger population, 50% of Asian elephants, 80% of the one-horned rhinoceros and the entire remaining population of the Asiatic lion.
  23. 23. Wildlife of India  PAST  There were  More than 500 species of mammals  1,220 species of birds  1, 600 species of reptiles and amphibians  57,000 species of insects  PRESENT  Possible extinction for over 77 mammals, 72 bird species, 17 reptile species, 3 amphibian species  Large amount of butterflies and beetles are considered to be endangered.
  24. 24. Wildlife destructions in India  Over exploitation of forest  Illicit felling of trees  International wildlife trade  Nature against nature  Encroachment of villagers on forest  Global warming(30% of all species might vanish in coming decade)  Unhealthy relations of Government and local population  Local hunting and poaching by villagers  Corruption of forest officials
  25. 25.  Overcrowding is one of the major reasons for the depleting population of wild animals in India.  Eco-tourism and adventure tourism.  Growth in vehicle pollution  Wildlife road fatalities  Damage of the natural habitat of birds and animals.  Increase in wildfires  Releasing of chemicals and other toxic effluents into the water bodies has led to poisoning of the water.
  26. 26. ENDANGERED SPECIES OF ANIMALS MAJESTIC ELEPHANTS THE INDIAN BISON HISPID HARE SNOW LEOPARD SWAMP DEER BLUE WHALE DESERT CAT LEAF MONKEY
  27. 27. Wildlife Conservation
  28. 28. Govt role in conservation of wildlife Wildlife protection act 1972 Project tiger 1972-73 Forest protection act 1980-88 A Anti poaching agencies State wildlife dept St State forest dept Ministry of environment and forest Army (IF APPLICABLE) Police Border security force Coast guards Wildlife conservation society
  29. 29. PROJECT TIGER  Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation movement initiated in India in 1972  The project aims at tiger conservation in specially constituted tiger reserves throughout India
  30. 30.  Creation of wildlife sanctuaries and reserves with mandatory fencing  Special task force be prepared for preservation of this supreme predator  No forestry operations carried out in core areas  Dept be provided with additional personal and wireless equipment with an immediate effect  Rehabilitation of locals done outside the reserve forest with immediate effect  Immediate compensesation to villagers in case of kill made by tiger  Immediate seize of weapon license from villagers given before 1972 unless prescribed officially.
  31. 31. How can I help?
  32. 32. STOP BUYING WILDLIFE PRODUCTS & CONSERVE NATURE
  33. 33. Conclusion  Increased understanding about the world’s current wildlife situation and an increased emphasis on education will give future generations an opportunity to experience nature to its fullest extent.
  34. 34. THANK YOUVivek Kumar, St. Vincent Pallotti College of Engineering and Technology, Nagpur

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