Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Conservation of forest and wild life 2anuj


Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Conservation of forest and wild life 2anuj

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY: Ritwik Singh CLASS: 10th A
  2. 2. • Introduction. • Conservation Programs 1. Project tiger 2. Distribution of forest • Community and Conservation • Sacred Groves • Chipko Movement
  3. 3.  Forestry in India is a significant rural industry and a major environmental issue  According to the act of 2014, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations estimates world's forest cover to be about 68 dollar area, or about 20 % of the continent's area.  In 2002, forestry industry contributed 7 lake to India's GDP. In 2010, the contribution to GDP dropped to 0.9 %
  4. 4.  Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting endangered plant and animal species and their habitants  Among the goals of wildlife conservation are to ensure that nature will be around for future generations to enjoy and to recognize the importance of wildlife and wilderness’ lands to humans.  Wildlife conservation has become an increasingly important practice due to the negative effect of human activities on wildlife
  5. 5.  Project Tiger, 1973  Distribution of Forest and Wild Life Resources  Community and Conservation
  6. 6.  Project Tiger was launched by Kailash Sankhala in India in 1973  The project aims at ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage forever represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the tiger's distribution in the country
  7. 7.  During the tiger census of 2006, a new methodology was used extrapolating site-specific densities of tigers, their co-predators and prey derived from camera trap and sign surveys using GIS  Based on the result of these surveys, the total tiger population has been estimated at 1,411 individuals ranging from 1,165 to 1,657 adult and sub-adult tigers of more than 1.5 years of age
  8. 8.  A new version of project tiger has been introduced in 2009, by the central government on the basis of initial requirements by the help of celebrities like actors, singers , social workers etc. 
  9. 9.  Distribution of Forest manage, control and regulate the Wild life.  These are classified under the following categories: Reserve Forest Protected Forest Unclassed forest
  10. 10.  Reserved Forests are regarded as the most valuable as far as the conservation of Forest and Wild Life resources are concerned.  More than half of the total Forest land has been declared reserved Forest
  11. 11.  Almost one – third of the total forest area is protected forest, as declared by the forest department  This forest land are protected from any further depletion.
  12. 12.  These are other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities  All North-Eastern states and parts of Gujarat have a very high percentage of their forest as unclassed forests managed by local communities
  13. 13.  A conservation community is a group of individuals and families living in a community who are committed to saving large parcels of land from ecological degradation.  This land can be forested land, agricultural land, ranch land, or any other type of land that needs protecting from high-impact development.
  14. 14.  Conservation communities are models of sustainable community development, a new approach to development which provides alternatives to conventional forms of development.  They are adaptable to the needs of different regions and they use small-scale residential development to fund conservation, eliminating the need to depend on funding from private donors or governments.  This land development model is important to the environmental movements towards sustainable development, Green homebuilding, local food security, and responsible management of natural
  15. 15.  Sacred groves of India are forest fragments of varying sizes, which are communally protected, and which usually have a significant religious connotation for the protecting community. Hunting and logging are usually strictly prohibited within these patches.  Other forms of forest usage like honey collection and deadwood collection are sometimes allowed on a sustainable basis. Sacred groves did not enjoy protection via federal legislation in India. Some NGOs work with local villagers to protect such groves. Traditionally, and in some cases even today, members of the community take turns to protect the grove.
  16. 16.  However, the introduction of the protected area category community reserves under the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2002 has introduced legislation for providing government protection to community held lands, which could include sacred groves.  Indian sacred groves are sometimes associated with temples / monasteries / shrines or with burial grounds. Sacred groves may be loosely used to refer to other natural habitat protected on religious grounds, such as Alpine Meadows.
  17. 17.  The Chipko movement or Chipko Andolan is a movement that practiced the Gandhian methods of satyagraha and non-violent resistance, through the act of hugging trees to protect them from being felled.  The modern Chipko movement started in the early 1970s in the Garhwal Himalayas of Uttarakhand, then in Uttar Pradesh with growing awareness towards rapid deforestation.  The landmark event in this struggle took place on March 26, 1974, when a group of peasant women in Reni village, Hemwalghati, in Chamoli district, Uttarakhand, India, acted to prevent the cutting of trees and reclaim their traditional forest rights that were threatened by the contractor system of the state Forest Department.
  18. 18.  Their actions inspired hundreds of such actions at the grassroots level throughout the region.  By the 1980s the movement had spread throughout India and led to formulation of people-sensitive forest policies, which put a stop to the open felling of trees in regions as far reaching as Vindhyas and the Western Ghats.  Today, it is seen as an inspiration and a precursor for Chipko movement of Garhwal.
  19. 19.  Today, beyond the eco-socialism hue, it is being seen increasingly as an ecofeminism movement.  Although many of its leaders were men, women were not only its backbone, but also its mainstay, because they were the ones most affected by the rampant deforestation,[citation needed], which led to a lack of firewood and fodder as well as water for drinking and irrigation.  Over the years they also became primary stakeholders in a majority of the afforestation work that happened under the Chipko movement.
  20. 20. • Anuj kumar singh • Ritwik singh • Sudhir kushwaha • Suraj Nayak • Shivam singh Srinet • Yasmeen khan • Ratnesh Yadav • Yamini yadav • Kirtiman Mall • Uday singh • Ankit Rai • Shreya Keshri • Nimesh kumar