India's National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan process in 2000-2003 was possibly the world's largest such exercise, involving over 50,000 people from all walks of life. It resulted in over 70 action plans at local, state, thematic, ecoregional, and national levels. Several methods were used to elicit participation and get inputs, including from local communities. This presentation describes the results, including the key strategies and actions on conservation, sustainable use, equity, governance, and planning. It also notes that unfortunately the Government of India pulled out of the final product, perhaps worried about its clear recommendation that the economy and polity needed fundamental changes if biodiversity conservation and related social equity were to be achieved.