OBJECTIVES Rationale of Subject & Objectives Locating the Caribbean in the Global Conflict Characteristics of Region – similarities & differences
Introduction & Overview of Syllabus Structure of Syllabus: 3 Modules1. Module 1 – Caribbean Society & Culture2. Module 2 – Issues in Caribbean Development3. Module 3 – Investigating Human & Social Development in the Caribbean
Overview of Examination External Assessment (60%) Written Papers – 4hrs. 30minsPaper 1 – 15 compulsory short-response questions (1hr. 30mins : 27%)Paper 2 – 8 essay questions to answer any 4 (3hrs : 33%) Internal Assessment (40%)Paper 3 - A research project
Rationale of Subject & Objectives Caribbean Studies classifies the Caribbean area in terms of geography, common historical experiences, participation in the global community, intermixing of diverse ethnic & racial groups, & its continual struggle for survival & sovereignty.
LOCATION OF THE CARIBBEAN There is no one way to define the Caribbean. It is generally believed that the Caribbean is a “melting pot”. This concept refers to the combination of a variety cultures, people and experiences all coming together to form one unique culture. In light of this, we can safely say that Jamaica’s motto “Out of many, one people”, aptly describes the make up of the Caribbean region.
DEFINITIONS OF THE CARIBBEAN REGION The Caribbean is a disjoint land bridge between North and South America with an East - West stretch of almost 3000 Km and a North -South reach of some 1500 Km. Only 10% of this is land.
LOCATION OF THE CARIBBEAN Greater Antilles: Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic), Cuba Jamaica, Puerto Rico Lesser Antilles: Windward islands: Grenada, St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique Leeward islands: Antigua and Barbuda, St. Kitts- Nevis, Montserrat, Anguilla, Virgin islands Netherland Antilles: Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao (ABC islands); Saint Marten, Saba, St. Eustatius
LOCATION OF THE CARIBBEAN Mainland Territories: Guyana, Belize, Suriname, Cayenne (French Guyana) Others: Barbados, Trinidad & Tobago, Cayman Islands, Bahamas Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands
1. The Geographical Caribbean This describes the area washed by the Caribbean Sea and is often described as the Caribbean Basin. It would therefore include most of the islands of the Lesser and Greater Antilles as well as the mainland territories of Central America and Northern South America such as Venezuela and Columbia.
2. The Geological Caribbean This is not as well-used as the other ways by which we define the Caribbean region. However, it shows that there are deep- seated structural features of Caribbean geology which also identifies commonalities. It is the area that is defined by the Caribbean Plate and which expresses similar tectonic, seismic and volcanic features and processes.
2. The Geological Caribbean The Caribbean is situated in a geologic feature known as the Caribbean Plate which has boundaries or margins with other plates nearby. On the whole the earth is made up of six or seven plates and many smaller ones. The Caribbean Plate is a small plate. Other geological features of the region include the fact that: the entire Caribbean region is in an earthquake zone the Lesser Antilles is made up of volcanoes, several of which are active
3. The Historical Caribbean This describe the area that saw the impact of European colonization, slavery, indentureship and the plantation system. This refers to all the territories that experienced the rule of specific European countries: the English, French, Dutch and the Spanish. The common feature in this definition is that they share the same historical or cultural experiences.
3. The Historical Caribbean The Spanish through the encomienda system and other means exterminated the original inhabitants. The British introduced the plantation system and with it, the enslavement of Africans and the indentureship of the Chinese and East Indians. The Dutch and French not only colonized but were involved in an ongoing trade within the region.
3. The Historical Caribbean LEGEND ENGLISH SPANISH FRENCH DUTCH
3. The Historical Caribbean It should be noted that Guyana (which was first under Dutch control, then English), Surinam (which was under Dutch control) and French Guiana (which is STILL under French control) are not represented in the slide. They are apart of the Caribbean because they share the same historical/cultural experiences as all those which are represented in the previous slide.
4. The Political CaribbeanThe Caribbean has three main government systems: Independent States – these are former colonies which are now self-governing. These are islands which have chosen a method of governance that is different from that of their colonial masters, namely democracy or communism; Associated States – these are territories which are not independent but enjoy all the rights and privileges of the country that governs it; Colonial Dependencies – these are territories which are directly governed by other countries but do not enjoy the rights and privileges that’s enjoyed by inhabitants in an Associated State.
4. The Political Caribbean LEGEND Independent States Associated State Colonial Territories
Problems in defining the Caribbean The definition of the Caribbean discussed above contains anomalies (problems or error) that are identified in the table below. Make sure you are acquainted with them. Caribbean Identity & Culture: Identity is strongly influenced by ethnicity!
Problems in defining the Caribbean Geographical Historical Geological1 Guyana and the The “problem” with The western edge Bahamas do not defining the “Caribbean” of the Caribbean have coastlines on according to linguistic or Plate is located in the Caribbean Sea. European heritage, is that, the Pacific and Yet both countries that tends to ignore the includes are commonly commonalities of Honduras, Costa accepted as part of Caribbean experience at Rica, Nicaragua the Caribbean. the hands of these colonial and Panama in powers. the Caribbean.2 This definition This definition would The northern edge includes countries include Guyana and the of the Caribbean not normally Bahamas. It should also Plate defines associated with the include the French, Dutch much of Belize, “Caribbean” – and Spanish speaking Cuba and the Panama, Columbia countries of the Caribbean Bahamas as extra- and the other and Central America. regional. countries of Central Similarly Guyana America. in the South.