Historical Background To The Cay (New)

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  • The Caribbean (Dutch: Cariben or Caraïben, or more commonly Antillen; French: Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Spanish: Caribe) is a region of the Americas consisting of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (most of which enclose the sea), and the surrounding coasts. The region is located southeast of North America, east of Central America, and to the north and west of South America.
  • The area comprises more than 7000 islands, islets, reefs, and cays. It is an island chain 2500 miles long and no more than 160 miles wide at any point.
  • Curacao is an island of the BenedenwindseEilanden (Leeward Islands) and of the Netherlands Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Its area is 171 square miles (444 square km), and it is situated some 37 miles (60 km) north of the coast of Venezuela, near the southwestern extreme of the Lesser Antilles.
  • Historical Background To The Cay (New)

    1. 1. Historical Background to the book “The Cay”<br />A novel by Theodore Taylor<br />
    2. 2. The Caribbean<br /><ul><li>SEA
    3. 3. ISLANDS
    4. 4. COASTS</li></li></ul><li>A VAST CHAIN OF ISLANDS<br /><ul><li>7000 Islands
    5. 5. 2500 miles long
    6. 6. 160 miles wide</li></li></ul><li>Curacao<br /><ul><li>In the Southern Caribbean
    7. 7. Off the coast of Venezuela
    8. 8. Its capital is Willemstad</li></li></ul><li>THE ORIGINAL INHABITANTS<br />The Arawak Amerindians. <br />
    9. 9. Arawak words that became English<br />Some Arawak words still commonly used today are: <br /><ul><li>barbacoa (barbecue)
    10. 10. hamaca (hammock)
    11. 11. canoa (canoe)
    12. 12. tabaco (tobacco)
    13. 13. yuca (yucca)
    14. 14. huracan (hurricane) </li></li></ul><li>The first Europeans to see the island were a Spanish expedition in 1499. <br />The Europeans are coming!<br />
    15. 15. Indentured Servitude<br />The Spaniards exported most of the indigenous population to other colonies where workers were needed.<br />
    16. 16. Extinction of a People<br />The Arawak Amerindians were wiped out by Spanish diseases such as smallpox and measles. <br />
    17. 17. Willemstad, Curacao<br />The island was occupied by the Dutch in 1634. <br />
    18. 18. Schottegat; St. Anna Bay<br />TheDutch West India Company founded the capital of Willemstad on the banks of an inlet called the &apos;Schottegat&apos;. <br />
    19. 19. Fort Amsterdam<br />Many Caribbean islands were colonies of European nations.<br />
    20. 20. A Perfect Harbor for Trade<br />Willemstad proved quickly to be an ideal spot for trade. Commerce and shipping -- but also piracy-<br />
    21. 21. The Dutch West India Company made Curaçao a center for slave trade in 1662. <br />The Slave Trade<br />
    22. 22. Lake Maracaibo<br />Oil was discovered here in 1914.<br />
    23. 23. Oil<br />Royal Dutch Shell & the Dutch Government built an extensive oil refinery installation, ironically on the former site of the slave-trade market at Asiento.<br />
    24. 24. ATTACK ON THE LAGO REFINERY <br />
    25. 25. Strategic Importance<br />Produced aviation gasoline for the Americans and British during WWII.<br />
    26. 26. But…<br />Three tankers were torpedoed.<br />
    27. 27. Pontjesbrug, Willemstad<br />
    28. 28. Queen Emma Pontoon Bridge<br />

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